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Different Types Of Hazards

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Different Types Of Hazards by Kenyans247(1): Thu 31, December, 2020 02:44pm
SAFETY HAZARDS: These are the most common and will be present in most workplaces at one time or another. They include unsafe conditions that can cause injury, illness, and death. Safety Hazards include:

Spills on floors or tripping hazards, such as blocked aisles or cords running across the floor
Working from heights, including ladders, scaffolds, roofs, or any raised work area
Unguarded machinery and moving machinery parts; guards removed or moving parts that a worker can accidentally touch
Electrical hazards like frayed cords, missing ground pins, improper wiring
Confined Spaces
Machinery-related hazards (lockout/tagout, boiler safety, forklifts, etc.)

BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS:
Associated with working with animals, people, or infectious plant materials. Work in schools, daycare facilities, colleges and universities, hospitals, laboratories, emergency response, nursing homes, outdoor occupations, etc. may expose you to biological hazards.

Types of things you may be exposed to include:
Blood and other body fluids
Fungi/mold
Bacteria and viruses
Plants
Insect Bites
Animal and bird droppings

PHYSICAL HAZARDS:
Are factors within the environment that can harm the body without necessarily touching it. Physical Hazards include:

Radiation: including ionizing, non ionizing (EMF’s, microwaves, radio waves, etc.)
High exposure to sunlight/ultraviolet rays
Temperature extremes – hot and cold
Constant loud noise

ERGONOMIC HAZARDS:
Occur when the type of work, body positions, and working conditions put a strain on your body. They are the hardest to spot since you don’t always immediately notice the strain on your body or the harm that these hazards pose. Short-term exposure may result in “sore muscles” the next day or in the days following exposure, but long-term exposure can result in serious long-term illnesses. Ergonomic Hazards include:

Improperly adjusted workstations and chairs
Frequent lifting
Poor posture
Awkward movements, especially if they are repetitive
Repeating the same movements over and over
Having to use too much force, especially if you have to do it frequently
Vibration

CHEMICAL HAZARDS:
Are present when a worker is exposed to any chemical preparation in the workplace in any form (solid, liquid or gas).

Some are safer than others, but to some workers who are more sensitive to chemicals, even common solutions can cause illness, skin irritation, or breathing problems. Beware of:

Liquids like cleaning products, paints, acids, solvents – ESPECIALLY if chemicals are in an unlabeled container!
Vapors and fumes that come from welding or exposure to solvents
Gases like acetylene, propane, carbon monoxide and helium
Flammable materials like gasoline, solvents, and explosive chemicals.
Pesticides

WORK ORGANIZATION HAZARDS:
Hazards or stressors that cause stress (short-term effects) and strain (long-term effects). These are the hazards associated with workplace issues such as workload, lack of control and/or respect, etc. Examples of work organization hazards include:

Workload demands
Workplace violence
Intensity and/or pace
Respect (or lack of)
Flexibility
Control or say about things
Social support/relations
Sexual harassment


We’re offering a wide range of Health and Safety qualifications to meet with employment and workplace regulatory requirements, improving conditions and reducing accidents and injuries.

Who needs these qualifications?

Employers are responsible for providing safe and healthy workplace conditions as well as the right systems and methods for safe activities. Nevertheless employees also have a vital part to play in the equation. They need the correct knowledge and the right attitude, which demands proper training in the basics of health and safety, as well as specific training for individual tasks.


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The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (HASAWA) lays down wide-ranging duties on employers. Employers must protect the ‘health, safety and welfare’ at work of all their employees, as well as others on their premises, including temps, casual workers, the self-employed, clients, visitors and the general public.

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Each year, people die or are seriously injured as a result of fire in the workplace. Fire can cost businesses vast amounts of money, sometimes causing them to close permanently. It is vital for businesses to ensure that their premises meet fire safety regulations, while ensuring all employees and visitors know what action to take in the event of fire.

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Since the 1st of October, 2013 it has been employer’s responsibility to provide first aiders in the workplace. All organizations must ensure by law that they have a sufficient number of employees who possess a first-aid qualification to fulfil their first-aid needs at all times. Employers must ensure that their provision is ‘adequate and appropriate in the circumstances.

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Food safety is used as a scientific discipline describing handling, preparation, and storage of food in ways that prevent food-borne illness. The occurrence of two or more cases of a similar illnesses resulting from the ingestion of a common food is known as a food-borne disease outbreak.

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Risk assessment is an essential step in helping to protect employees and businesses.

An effective risk assessment requires an inspection of the workplace to identify potential risks that could cause harm. As part of the risk assessment, it will then be determined whether sufficient controls are in place to minimize these risks.

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Environmental protection is the practice of protecting the natural environment by individuals, organizations and governments. Its objectives are to conserve natural resources and the existing natural environment and, where possible, to repair damage and reverse trends.

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