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How mobile phones are helping achieve UN sustainable goals
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|How mobile phones are helping achieve UN sustainable goals by Kenyans247(1): Thu 18, February, 2021 02:37pm|
The global mobile industry is contributing to the realisation of the United Nations' Sustainable Development (SDGs) goals but huge challenges lie ahead for many nations in achieving Agenda 2030.
This is according to the 2020 GSMA report w hich states that that while significant progress has been made since 2015, including reductions in global poverty and maternal and child mortality rates, the world is still far from delivering sustainable development in the next ten years.
The survey, 2020 Mobile Industry Impact Report: Sustainable Development Goals, applies a methodology where an impact score is assigned to all SGD goals and calculated out of 100.
It discloses that while the mobile industry had the highest effect on infrastructure, at 63, it has had the lowest impact to end hunger (40), eradicate poverty, protect life on earth and promote peace and justice, which all had a score of 44.
“The reduction in poverty is slowing down, the number of people suffering from hunger is on the rise, climate change is occurring much faster than anticipated and inequality continues to increase within and among countries,” states the report.
Mobile phones, it adds, are now used by around three fifths of the world’s poorest 40 percent, equivalent to 1.9 billion people, an increase of 200 million people since 2015, when the SDG goals were set.
Both feature phones and smartphones have helped to unlock untapped potential in both rural and non-rural firms, especially small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), allowing them to reach more customers in non-local markets during the Covid-19 pandemic.
“Mobile technology remains at the centre of how we address our most significant global challenges. With half of humanity in lockdown in 2020, mobile networks were stress-tested but withstood the unexpected massive surges in data use,” says Mats Granryd, Director General of GSMA.
“Thanks to continual investment in recent years, mobile infrastructure has proved robust and resilient, serving as the cornerstone of continuity and recovery.”
According to GSMA, in 2019, the average SDG impact score across the 17 Goals increased to 48, translating to the industry achieving 48 percent of its potential contribution to the SDGs, up from 33 percent in 2015.
“Since 2015, mobile connectivity has contributed an incremental Sh37 trillion in global GDP, or 4 percent of overall growth. In the same timeframe, the industry has increased global employment by around 5 million,” the survey highlights.
In 2019 alone, it supported roughly 30 million jobs, with the use of mobile technology powering a global reduction in greenhouse gas emissions that is 10 times greater than the global carbon footprint of the mobile industry itself.
During the same year, 1.6 billion mobile subscribers used their phones to improve or monitor their health, representing an increase of 330 million since 2018. Moreover, 2.3 billion subscribers used mobile financial services, an increase of 620 million since 2018.
“By the end of 2019, 5.1 billion people or 66 percent of the global population were using a mobile phone, an increase of 600 million people from 2015. In addition, 3.8 billion people or 49 percent of the global population were using mobile internet, representing an increase of 1.1 billion people since 2015.”
With over 820 million people being undernourished globally as at 2018, mobile technology has contributed to food security through improvements to agricultural practices, nutritional knowledge and household food security.
Mobile devices, satellites, drones and other high-tech solutions have been key to improving the efficiency of the production of agricultural goods. SDG 2 was the second-most improved SDG in 2019 in terms of industry impact, with rural mobile penetration reaching 59 percent in low income countries.
“Furthermore, 12 percent of rural subscribers used mobile agricultural services and 27 percent used mobile financial services in 2019.”
But the mobile industry has seen the greatest impact on education, where an additional 610 million individuals used mobile phones to access educational information for themselves or their children in 2019, taking the total to 2 billion people, an equivalent of 40 percent of mobile subscribers.
Even with conversations of 5G and 6G doing rounds on technology circles, the report shows that the world is still depending on 3G but an enormous growth of 4G is happening.
“Between 2015 and 2019, 3G population coverage increased from 83 percent to 92 percent, equivalent to 900 million additional people covered, while 4G population coverage grew from 55 percent to 85 percent, equivalent to 2.5 billion additional people covered,” reads the research findings.
This infrastructure, it notes, plays a vital role in stimulating inclusive and sustainable development, as well as greater innovation across communities.
“The pandemic has demonstrated the critical importance of telecommunications networks and connected technologies. From enabling essential services such as telehealth, online learning, remote working to e-commerce, the impact of technology has been enormous,” says Andrew Penn, Telstra CEO.
While the Covid-19 pandemic has catapulted the growth of technology across the globe, the study found out that the rate of mobile and mobile internet adoption could slow in low- and middle-income countries due to income loss among individuals and businesses, while the economic uncertainty could also constrain 5G rollouts and enterprise funding for IoT projects.
However, the survey warns that if existential drawbacks continue, the SDGs will not be achieved in ten years’ time.
“When usage of mobile services grows, so does the impact on the SDGs. Unless the mobile industry and its partners act faster, we estimate that the industry will achieve around 70 percent of its full potential impact on the SDGs by 2030,” it predicts.
Sanda Ojiambo, CEO and Executive Director of the United Nations Global Compact sees a long way for all nations to achieve the goals, and calls for multi-stakeholder collaboration to push attainment to 100 percent.
“We are still a long way from achieving the goals set forth in the 2030 Agenda, but the map to success is before us. For the mobile industry and the business community at large, the signposts are leadership, collaboration, investment and innovation. At this defining moment, let us move forward, united in the business of a better world,” she says.
While the pandemic has further emphasized the importance of connectivity, it has also accentuated the global digital divide, as those that are unable to realise the benefits of digital technology are falling further behind in a post-Covid-19 world.
“It is clear that the time for incremental improvements has passed, and the “new normal” will require transformational change. In business enterprises large and small, transformation begins with incorporating sustainability into their core values,” says Ms Ojiambo.
During the global crisis, the mobile sector has been uniquely positioned to influence shared future outcomes and provide support to every stakeholder if a significant impact on the entire economy is to be realised.
“We are thus advancing a digital transformation agenda with sustainability as the central principle. The SDGs lie at the core of human development and progress – the ICT sector’s commitment to contributing towards these goals is a testimony of business as a force for good,” notes Sunil Bharti Mittal, Bharti Airtel chairman.
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