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The counties of Kenya (Swahili: Kaunti za Kenya)

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The counties of Kenya (Swahili: Kaunti za Kenya) by Kenyans247(1): Fri Dec 2019 12:02pm
The counties of Kenya (Swahili: Kaunti za Kenya) are geographical units envisioned by the 2010 Constitution of Kenya as the units of devolved government.[1] The powers are provided in Articles 191 and 192, and in the fourth schedule of the Constitution of Kenya and the County Governments Act of 2012. The counties are also single member constituencies for the election of members of parliament to the Senate of Kenya[2] and special women members of parliament to the National Assembly of Kenya.[3] As of 2013 general elections, there are 47 counties whose size and boundaries are based on the 47 legally recognised Districts of Kenya. Following the re-organisation of Kenya's national administration, counties were integrated into a new national administration with the national government posting county commissioners to represent it at the counties

Establishment

County governments were established in 47 counties (largely based on the 1992 Districts of Kenya), after the scheduled general elections in March 2013. The counties' names are set out in the First Schedule of the Constitution of Kenya.
List of counties
Under the new constitution, Kenya is now divided into 47 counties for administrative purposes. They are grouped below according to the former province of which they were part, with their areas and populations as of the 2009 census:
1 Mombasa (County) Coast 212.5 939,370 1,208,333 Mombasa (City)
2 Kwale Coast 8,270.3 649,931 866,820 Kwale
3 Kilifi Coast 12,245.9 1,109,735 1,453,787 Kilifi
4 Tana River Coast 35,375.8 240,075 315,943 Hola
5 Lamu Coast 6,497.7 191,539 143,920 Lamu
6 Taita–Taveta Coast 17,083.9 284,657 340,671 Mwatate
7 Garissa North Eastern 45,720.2 623,060 841,353 Garissa
8 Wajir North Eastern 55,840.6 661,941 781,263 Wajir
9 Mandera North Eastern 25,797.7 1,025,756 867,457 Mandera
10 Marsabit Eastern 66,923.1 291,166 459,785 Marsabit
11 Isiolo Eastern 25,336.1 143,294 268,002 Isiolo
12 Meru Eastern 6,930.1 1,356,301 1,545,714 Meru
13 Tharaka-Nithi Eastern 2,409.5 365,330 393,177 Kathwana
14 Embu Eastern 2,555.9 516,212 608,599 Embu
15 Kitui Eastern 24,385.1 1,012,709 1,136,187 Kitui
16 Machakos Eastern 5,952.9 1,098,584 1,421,932 Machakos
17 Makueni Eastern 8,008.9 884,527 987,653 Wote
18 Nyandarua Central 3,107.7 596,268 638,289 Ol Kalou
19 Nyeri Central 2,361.0 693,558 759,164 Nyeri
20 Kirinyaga Central 1,205.4 528,054 610,411 Kerugoya / Kutus
21 Murang'a Central 2,325.8 942,581 1,056,640 Murang'a
22 Kiambu Central 2,449.2 1,623,282 2,417,735 Kiambu
23 Turkana Rift Valley 71,597.8 855,399 926,976 Lodwar
24 West Pokot Rift Valley 8,418.2 512,690 621,241 Kapenguria
25 Samburu Rift Valley 20,182.5 223,947 310,327 Maralal
26 Trans-Nzoia Rift Valley 2,469.9 818,757 990,341 Kitale
27 Uasin Gishu Rift Valley 2,955.3 894,179 1,163,186 Eldoret
28 Elgeyo-Marakwet Rift Valley 3,049.7 369,998 454,480 Iten
29 Nandi Rift Valley 2,884.5 752,965 885,711 Kapsabet
30 Baringo Rift Valley 11,075.3 555,561 666,763 Kabarnet
31 Laikipia Rift Valley 8,696.1 399,227 518,560 Rumuruti
32 Nakuru Rift Valley 7,509.5 1,603,325 2,162,202 Nakuru
33 Narok Rift Valley 17,921.2 850,920 1,157,873 Narok
34 Kajiado Rift Valley 21,292.7 687,312 1,117,840 Kajiado
35 Kericho Rift Valley 2,454.5 752,396 901,777 Kericho
36 Bomet Rift Valley 1,997.9 730,129 875,689 Bomet
37 Kakamega Western 3,033.8 1,660,651 1,867,579 Kakamega
38 Vihiga Western 531.3 554,622 590,013 Vihiga
39 Bungoma Western 2,206.9 1,375,063 1,670,570 Bungoma
40 Busia Western 1,628.4 743,946 893,681 Busia
41 Siaya Nyanza 2,496.1 842,304 993,183 Siaya
42 Kisumu Nyanza 2,009.5 968,909 1,155,574 Kisumu(City)
43 Homa Bay Nyanza 3,154.7 963,794 1,131,950 Homa Bay
44 Migori Nyanza 2,586.4 917,170 1,116,436 Migori
45 Kisii Nyanza 1,317.9 1,152,282 1,266,860 Kisii
46 Nyamira Nyanza 912.5 598,252 605,576 Nyamira
47 Nairobi (County) Nairobi (Province) 694.9 3,138,369 4,397,073 Nairobi (City)
581,309.0 38,610,997 47,564,296 Nairobi

County governments
County governments are responsible for county legislation (outlined in article 185 of the Constitution of Kenya), executive functions (outlined in article 183), functions outlined in the fourth schedule of the constitution of Kenya, functions transferred from the national government through article 187 of the constitution of Kenya, functions agreed upon with other counties under article 189(2) of the constitution of Kenya, and establishment and staffing of a public service (under article 235 of the Constitution of Kenya).[6] The functions of governments assigned to counties by the fourth schedule of the Constitution of Kenya are:[

Agriculture

Crop and animal husbandry
Livestock sale yards
County abattoirs (slaughterhouses)
Plant and animal disease control
Fisheries

County health services

County health facilities and pharmacies
Ambulance services
Promotion of primary health care
Licensing and control of undertakings that sell food to the public
Veterinary services (excluding regulation of the profession)
Cemeteries, funeral parlors and crematoria
Refuse removal, refuse dumps and solid waste disposal.
Food distribution and Free services for pregnant mothers

Pollution, nuisances and advertising control

Control of air pollution, noise pollution, other public nuisances and outdoor advertising

Cultural activities, public entertainment and public amenities

Betting, casinos and other forms of gambling
Racing
Liquor licensing
Cinemas
Video shows and hiring
Libraries
Museums
Sports and cultural activities and facilities
County parks, beaches and recreation facilities
Ice skating
Sport fishing
Golf
Horse racing
Rugby

County transport

County roads
Street lighting
Traffic and parking
Public road transport
Ferries and harbours, excluding the regulation of international and national shipping and matters related thereto
SGR- Madaraka Express(modern railway experience)

Animal control and welfare

Licensing of dogs
Facilities for the accommodation, care and burial of animals
Killing of stray pets

Trade development and regulation

Markets
Trade licences, excluding regulation of professions
Fair trading practices
Local tourism
Cooperative societies

County planning and development

Statistics
Land surveying, planning and mapping of resources
Boundaries and fencing
Housing
Electricity and gas reticulation and energy regulation

Education and childcare

Pre-primary education, village polytechnics, homecraft centres and childcare facilities
Adult education and national exam registration for the same.

Policy implementation

Implementation of specific national government policies on natural resources and environmental conservation
Soil and water conservation
Forestry

County public works and services

Storm water management systems in built-up areas
Water and sanitation services

Fire fighting services and disaster management

Counties are mandated by the 2010 constitution of Kenya to enact legislation and laws that ensures management and controls of fire fighting.
Control of drugs and pornography
Coordination

Ensuring and co-ordinating the participation of communities and locations in governance at the local level
Assisting communities and locations to develop the administrative capacity for the effective exercise of the functions and powers and participation in governance at the local level

County executive committee

The county governor and the deputy county governor are the chief executive and deputy chief executive of the county, respectively.[8] The Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission shall not conduct a separate election for the deputy governor but shall declare the running mate of the person who is elected county governor to have been elected as the deputy governor.[9] Each county will be run by an executive committee, consisting of:

A governor, elected directly by the people
A deputy, elected as running mate of the successful candidate for governorship
A number of committee members not exceeding a third (or ten where a county assembly has more than 30 members) of the members of the respective county assembly
A county secretary, nominated by the governor and approved by the county assembly, who will double up as head of the county public service, and secretary to the county executive committee[10]

As a speciality in the democratic system Kenyan law requires governors to have a recognised university degree (it is not necessary for the President of the United States, for example, to hold a degree).[11]
County assemblies

The counties will each have an assembly whose members are elected from single member constituencies known as wards. There may also be a number of nominated members as is necessary to ensure that neither male nor female members constitute more than two-thirds of the assembly.[12] There will also be six nominated members to represent marginalised groups (persons with disabilities, and the youth) and a speaker who will be an ex officio member of the assembly.[13][14]
County governors
History

Embu County governor Martin Nyagah Wambora was the first governor to be impeached following allegations of impropriety.[15][16][17]
Current list of governors

The governors listed below were elected on 8 August 2017.
County No Name Governor Deputy Governor Party
1 Mombasa (County) Ali Hassan Joho Dr. William Kingi ODM
2 Kwale Salim Mvurya Fatuma Mohamed Achani JP[18]
3 Kilifi Amason Kingi Kenneth Mwakombo Kamto ODM
4 Tana River Dhadho Gadae Godhana Jire Siyat Mohamed ODM
5 Lamu Fahim Yassin Twaha Abdulhakim Aboud Bwana JP
6 Taita-Taveta Granton Graham Samboja Majala Mlagui Delina WDM-K
7 Garissa Bunow Ali Korane Dagame Abdi JP
8 Wajir Mohamed Abdi Mahamud Ahmed Muktar Ali JP
9 Mandera Ali Ibrahim Roba Mohamed Ahmed Arai JP
10 Marsabit Mohamud Mohamed Ali Solomon Gubo Riwe JP
11 Isiolo Mohammed Abdi Kuti Dr. Ibrahim Abdi Issa IND
12 Meru Kiraitu Murungi Titus Ntuchiu JP
13 Tharaka Onesmus Muthomi Njuki Francis Nyamu Kagwima JP
14 Embu Martin Wambora Dorothy Nditi Muchungu[19] JP[20]
15 Kitui Charity Ngilu Dr. Wathe Nzau NARC
16 Machakos Alfred Mutua Eng. Francis Maliti Maendeleo Chap Chap Party
17 Makueni Kivutha Kibwana Adelina Ndeto Mwau WDM-K
18 Nyandarua Francis Kimemia Cecilia Wanjiru Mbuthia JP
19 Nyeri Mutahi Kahiga Caroline Karugu JP
20 Kirinyaga Anne Waiguru Peter Ndambiri JP
21 Murang'a Mwangi wa Iria Augustine J Gakure Monyo JP
22 Kiambu Ferdinand Waititu Babayao Dr. Nyoro JP
23 Turkana Josphat Nanok Peter Lotethiro Emuria ODM
24 West Pokot John Krop Lonyangapuo[21] Dr. Nicholas Atudonyang KANU
25 Samburu Moses Kasaine Julius Leseeto JP
26 Trans-Nzoia Patrick Simonyu Khaemba Stanley Kiptoo Kenei Tarus FORD-KENYA
27 Uasin Gishu Jackson Kiplagat Mandago Daniel Kiplagat Kiprotich JP
28 Elgeyo-Marakwet Alex Tolgos Gabriel Lagat Kosgey JP
29 Nandi Stephen Kipyego Sang Dr Yulita Jebotip Cheruiyot Mitei JP
30 Baringo Stanley Kiptis Jacob Kurui Chepkwony JP
31 Laikipia Ndiritu Muriithi John Mwaniki IND
32 Nakuru Lee Kinyanjui Erick Korir JP
33 Narok Samuel ole Tunai Aruasa Evalyn Chepkirui JP
34 Kajiado Joseph Ole Lenku Martin Moshisho JP
35 Kericho Paul Kiprono Chepkwony Susan Chepkoech Kikwai JP
36 Bomet Dr. Hillary Barchok JP
37 Kakamega Wycliffe Oparanya Philip Museve Kutima ODM
38 Vihiga Wilber Otichilo Dr. Patrick Lumumba Saisi ODM
39 Bungoma Wycliffe Wafula Wangamati Prof. Charles Ngome Kibanani FORD-KENYA
40 Busia Sospeter Ojaamong Solomon Abwaku Akadake ODM
41 Siaya Cornel Rasanga Wilson Ouma Onyango ODM
42 Kisumu Peter Anyang' Nyong'o Mathews Owili ODM
43 Homa Bay Cyprian Awiti Hamiliton Onyango Orata ODM
44 Migori Zacharia Obado Nelson Mahanga Mwita ODM
45 Kisii James Ongwae Arthur Maangi Gongera ODM
46 Nyamira John Obiero Amos Kimwomi Nyaribo ODM
47 Nairobi (County) Mbuvi Gideon Kioko "Mike Sonko" JP

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