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800 metres at the World Championships in Athletics

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800 Metres At The World Championships In Athletics Serena Williams Retires At Rogers Cup Finals Due To Injury, Cries Bitterly
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800 metres at the World Championships in Athletics by Kenyans247(1): Wed Jan 2020 11:12am
The 800 metres at the World Championships in Athletics has been contested by both men and women since the inaugural edition in 1983. It is the second most prestigious title in the discipline after the 800 metres at the Olympics. The competition format typically has two qualifying rounds leading to a final between eight athletes.

The championship records for the event are 1:43.06 for men, set by Billy Konchellah in 1987, and 1:54.68 for women, set by Jarmila Kratochvílová in 1983. Set at the inaugural championships, Kratochvílová's record is the longest-standing record of the competition.[1] The 800 m world record has never been broken at the competition by either men or women.[2]

Maria Mutola is the most successful athlete of the event: from a period spanning 1993 to 2003, she won three gold medals, one silver and one bronze in the World Championships 800 m. The most successful man is Wilson Kipketer, who won three straight titles from 1995 to 1999. Only two other people, Billy Konchellah and Ana Fidelia Quirot, have won two world championship titles in the event. Yuriy Borzakovskiy, though never a champion, has won the most medals in the men's competition, with two silver and two bronze medals.

Kenya is the most successful nation in the discipline, with five gold medals in the men's, two in the women's race, and a total of 13 medals overall. The actions of Mutola and Kipketer alone rank Mozambique at the top of the women's rankings and Denmark second in the men's medal table. Cuba—the second most successful nation among women—has won three women's gold medals. South Africa is the only nation besides Kenya to have provided both a men's and women's winner. Russia has the second highest overall medal tally, with eleven medals across the men's and women's divisions, but it has also provided six of the eight athletes sanctioned for doping at this World Championship distance.

Age
All information from IAAF[3]
Distinction Male athlete Age Female athlete Age
Youngest champion Alfred Kirwa Yego 20 years, 274 days Caster Semenya 18 years, 224 days
Youngest medalist Joaquim Cruz 20 years, 150 days Caster Semenya 18 years, 224 days
Youngest participant Mohamed Abd el Rahman 15 years, 237 days[nb1] Hind Musa 14 years, 334 days
Oldest champion Paul Ruto 32 years, 287 days Ana Fidelia Quirot 34 years, 139 days
Oldest medalist Paul Ruto 32 years, 287 days Letitia Vriesde 36 years, 311 days
Oldest participant Babacar Niang 36 years, 330 days Letitia Vriesde 40 years, 306 days
nb The exact date of birth of the youngest male participant, Mohamed Abd el Rahman, is unknown but he remains the youngest given his known year of birth and calculating from 1 January of that year.[3]
Doping
A total of nine athletes, all of them women and seven of them Russian, have had their 800 m results annulled at the World Championships due to doping infractions. The first was Delisa Floyd of the United States (1991 semi-finalist) was among the first few women to be disqualified from the championships for doping. The 1993 finalist Liliya Nurutdinova was the only woman disqualified at the 1993 championships. Another Russian, Lyubov Tsyoma, had her semi-final run in 1997 annulled. Ten years passed without incident until a third Russian, Svetlana Cherkasova was struck from the heats for doping in 2007.[4]

Two women semi-finalists were disqualified for doping in 2009: a fourth Russian, Svetlana Klyuka, and Tetiana Petlyuk of Ukraine. Petlyuk was retrospectively banned through a biological passport anomaly and this also took in her run at the 2011 World Championships. That same year two more Russians were disqualified, both of them finalists: Yuliya Rusanova and Yekaterina Kostetskaya.[4][5] In 2017, the third Russian finalist, gold medalist Mariya Savinova was banned for life, retroactive to 2010, making it a clean sweep of disqualified Russians in 2011, as well as taking Savinova's silver in 2013. Both times Alysia Johnson Montaño advanced to take the bronze medal.

Medalists
Men
Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details Willi Wülbeck (FRG) Rob Druppers (NED) Joaquim Cruz (BRA)
1987 Rome
details Billy Konchellah (KEN) Peter Elliott (GBR) José Luíz Barbosa (BRA)
1991 Tokyo
details Billy Konchellah (KEN) José Luíz Barbosa (BRA) Mark Everett (USA)
1993 Stuttgart
details Paul Ruto (KEN) Giuseppe D'Urso (ITA) Billy Konchellah (KEN)
1995 Gothenburg
details Wilson Kipketer (DEN) Arthémon Hatungimana (BDI) Vebjørn Rodal (NOR)
1997 Athens
details Wilson Kipketer (DEN) Norberto Téllez (CUB) Rich Kenah (USA)
1999 Seville
details Wilson Kipketer (DEN) Hezekiél Sepeng (RSA) Djabir Saïd-Guerni (ALG)
2001 Edmonton
details André Bucher (SUI) Wilfred Bungei (KEN) Paweł Czapiewski (POL)
2003 Saint-Denis
details Djabir Saïd-Guerni (ALG) Yuriy Borzakovskiy (RUS) Mbulaeni Mulaudzi (RSA)
2005 Helsinki
details Rashid Ramzi (BHR) Yuriy Borzakovskiy (RUS) William Yiampoy (KEN)
2007 Osaka
details Alfred Kirwa Yego (KEN) Gary Reed (CAN) Yuriy Borzakovskiy (RUS)
2009 Berlin
details Mbulaeni Mulaudzi (RSA) Alfred Kirwa Yego (KEN) Yusuf Saad Kamel (BHR)
2011 Daegu
details David Rudisha (KEN) Abubaker Kaki (SUD) Yuriy Borzakovskiy (RUS)
2013 Moscow
details Mohammed Aman (ETH) Nick Symmonds (USA) Ayanleh Souleiman (DJI)
2015 Beijing
details David Rudisha (KEN) Adam Kszczot (POL) Amel Tuka (BIH)
2017 London
details Pierre-Ambroise Bosse (FRA) Adam Kszczot (POL) Kipyegon Bett (KEN)
2019 Doha
details Donavan Brazier (USA) Amel Tuka (BIH) Ferguson Cheruiyot Rotich (KEN)
Multiple medalists
Rank Athlete Nation Period Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Wilson Kipketer Denmark (DEN) 1995–1999 3 0 0 3
2 Billy Konchellah Kenya (KEN) 1987–1993 2 0 1 3
3 David Rudisha Kenya (KEN) 2011-2015 2 0 0 2
4 Alfred Kirwa Yego Kenya (KEN) 2007–2009 1 1 0 2
5= Djabir Saïd-Guerni Algeria (ALG) 1999–2003 1 0 1 2
5= Mbulaeni Mulaudzi South Africa (RSA) 2003–2009 1 0 1 2
7 Yuriy Borzakovskiy Russia (RUS) 2003–2011 0 2 2 4
8 José Luiz Barbosa Brazil (BRA) 1987–1991 0 1 1 2
Medalists by country
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Kenya (KEN) 5 2 2 9
2 Denmark (DEN) 3 0 0 3
3 South Africa (RSA) 1 1 1 3
4= Algeria (ALG) 1 0 1 2
4= Bahrain (BHR) 1 0 1 2
6= West Germany (FRG) 1 0 0 1
6= Ethiopia (ETH) 1 0 0 1
6= Switzerland (SUI) 1 0 0 1
9 Russia (RUS) 0 2 2 4
10= Burundi (BDI) 0 1 0 1
10= Canada (CAN) 0 1 0 1
10= Cuba (CUB) 0 1 0 1
10= Great Britain (GBR) 0 1 0 1
10= Italy (ITA) 0 1 0 1
10= Netherlands (NED) 0 1 0 1
10= Sudan (SUD) 0 1 0 1
17= Brazil (BRA) 0 1 2 3
17= United States (USA) 0 1 2 3
19= Djibouti (DJI) 0 0 1 1
19= Poland (POL) 0 0 1 1
19= Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1
Women
Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details Jarmila Kratochvílová (TCH) Lyubov Gurina (URS) Yekaterina Podkopayeva (URS)
1987 Rome
details Sigrun Wodars (GDR) Christine Wachtel (GDR) Lyubov Gurina (URS)
1991 Tokyo
details Liliya Nurutdinova (URS) Ana Fidelia Quirot (CUB) Ella Kovacs (ROU)
1993 Stuttgart
details Maria Mutola (MOZ) Lyubov Gurina (RUS) Ella Kovacs (ROU)
1995 Gothenburg
details Ana Fidelia Quirot (CUB) Letitia Vriesde (SUR) Kelly Holmes (GBR)
1997 Athens
details Ana Fidelia Quirot (CUB) Yelena Afanasyeva (RUS) Maria Mutola (MOZ)
1999 Seville
details Ludmila Formanová (CZE) Maria Mutola (MOZ) Svetlana Masterkova (RUS)
2001 Edmonton
details Maria Mutola (MOZ) Stephanie Graf (AUT) Letitia Vriesde (SUR)
2003 Saint-Denis
details Maria Mutola (MOZ) Kelly Holmes (GBR) Natalya Khrushcheleva (RUS)
2005 Helsinki
details Zulia Calatayud (CUB) Hasna Benhassi (MAR) Tatyana Andrianova (RUS)
2007 Osaka
details Janeth Jepkosgei (KEN) Hasna Benhassi (MAR) Mayte Martínez (ESP)
2009 Berlin
details Caster Semenya (RSA) Janeth Jepkosgei (KEN) Jenny Meadows (GBR)
2011 Daegu
details Caster Semenya (RSA) Janeth Jepkosgei (KEN) Alysia Johnson Montaño (USA)
2013 Moscow
details Eunice Sum (KEN) Brenda Martinez (USA) Alysia Johnson Montaño (USA)
2015 Beijing
details Maryna Arzamasava (BLR) Melissa Bishop (CAN) Eunice Sum (KEN)
2017 London
details Caster Semenya (RSA) Francine Niyonsaba (BDI) Ajeé Wilson (USA)
2019 Doha
details Halimah Nakaayi (UGA) Raevyn Rogers (USA) Ajeé Wilson (USA)
Multiple medalists
Rank Athlete Nation Period Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Maria Mutola Mozambique (MOZ) 1993–2003 3 1 1 5
2 Ana Fidelia Quirot Cuba (CUB) 1991–1997 2 1 0 3
3 Janeth Jepkosgei Kenya (KEN) 2007–2011 1 1 1 3
4= Caster Semenya South Africa (RSA) 2009–2017 2 1 0 3
4= Mariya Savinova Russia (RUS) 2011–2013 1 1 0 2
6 Lyubov Gurina Soviet Union (URS)
Russia (RUS) 1983–1993 0 2 1 3
7= Letitia Vriesde Suriname (SUR) 1995–2001 0 1 1 2
7= Kelly Holmes Great Britain (GBR) 1995–2003 0 1 1 2
9 Hasna Benhassi Morocco (MAR) 2005–2007 0 2 0 2
10 Ella Kovacs Romania (ROM) 1991–1993 0 0 2 2
Medalists by country
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Mozambique (MOZ) 3 1 1 5
2 Cuba (CUB) 3 1 0 4
3 Kenya (KEN) 2 1 1 4
4 South Africa (RSA) 2 1 0 3
5 Russia (RUS) 1 3 3 7
6 Soviet Union (URS) 1 1 2 4
7 East Germany (GDR) 1 1 0 2
8= Czech Republic (CZE) 1 0 0 1
8= Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 0 0 1
10 Morocco (MAR) 0 2 0 2
11 Great Britain (GBR) 0 1 2 3
12 Suriname (SUR) 0 1 1 2
13 Austria (AUT) 0 1 0 1
14 Romania (ROM) 0 0 2 2
15= Spain (ESP) 0 0 1 1
15= United States (USA) 0 0 2 2
Championship record progression
Men
Men's 800 metres World Championships record progression[6]
Time Athlete Nation Year Round Date
1:46.32 James Robinson United States (USA) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
1:45.84 David Mack United States (USA) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
1:45.62 Joaquim Cruz Brazil (BRA) 1983 Semi-final 1983-08-08
1:45.24 Hans-Peter Ferner West Germany (FRG) 1983 Semi-final 1983-08-08
1:43.65 Willi Wülbeck West Germany (FRG) 1983 Final 1983-08-09
1:43.06 Billy Konchellah Kenya (KEN) 1987 Final 1987-09-01
Women
Women's 800 metres World Championships record progression[7]
Time Athlete Nation Year Round Date
2:02.08 Margrit Klinger West Germany (FRG) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
1:59.55 Yekaterina Podkopayeva Soviet Union (URS) 1983 Semi-finals 1983-08-08
1:59.33 Lyubov Gurina Soviet Union (URS) 1983 Semi-finals 1983-08-08
1:54.68 Jarmila Kratochvílová Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1983 Final 1983-08-09

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