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Africa / The Nigeria Zip/Postal Code Confusion real facts that Nigerians need to know by Saocv(m): Wed Oct 2019 02:45pm
There's so much misplacement of the terms zip code and postal code in Nigeria. People always think zip codes apply to Nigeria. But it's not our fault. We are always browsing American websites and they always ask for zip codes.

And at first, I thought every state made use of the same code; but later, I realized that in most cases it is broken down to Local Government Areas (LGAs) and in some cases, districts.

I stay in Abuja where postal codes is not according to Local Government Areas, but according to Area Councils. I kept searching for Kubwa postcode on Google but didn't find the result I wanted. Little did I know that I was supposed to search for Bwari postcode.

Many postal code sites I noticed did not have a search bar, so browsing through them was quite complicated. I noticed one, though, that has a search bar in its homepage.
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Africa / The Nigeria Zip/Postal Code Confusion real facts that Nigerians need to know by Saocv(m): Wed Oct 2019 02:45pm
It is very important to note that +234 is not actually the postal or Zip code for all the states across the federation. Infact, +234 is only used as the country Zip code.

Below, i have written down the various state Zip code in Nigeria states.

Abuja - 900001

Abia - 440001

Adamawa - 640001

Akwa-Ibom - 520001

Anambra - 420001

Bauchi - 740001

Borno - 600001

Delta - 320001

Edo - 300001

Enugu - 400001

Imo - 460001

Jigawa - 720001

Kano - 700001

Kaduna - 800001

Katsina - 820001

Kebbi - 860001

Kogi - 260001

Kwara - 240001

Lagos - (Island) 101001

Lagos - (Mainland) 100001

Niger - 920001
Click here for the complete article.
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Africa / Buhari Accuses World Bank, IMF, Others Of Publishing Inaccurate Data by Saocv(m): Wed Oct 2019 01:59pm
Dear Buhari you should put more concentration on the ISWAP insurgency war sweeping out the entire Borno North Senatorial zone.

There is no where it is written in the world that humanitarian aid is compulsory for countries experiencing Insurgency.

Lots of soldiers are dying due to the negligence of the Federal Government and Top military brass in this Insurgency battle due to high wired Corruption.

Put more efforts in ending this war abeg

Inaccurate data ko, Inaccurate data ni.

Technology Market / How To Prevent Cooking Gas Explosions In Nigerian Homes by Saocv(m): Wed Oct 2019 01:07pm
How to check for leaks

It is important to do the following every gas cylinder change without fail.

All you need to detect a leak is soapy water, a sponge or spray bottle and good lighting.

Turn on the valve and either soap the valve and hose down or spray with a spray bottle. If you see bubbles appear, you have found your leak.

Here’s a video demonstration:

It is important that you check at home, as well as at the depot, as the connections between your cooker and the gas cylinder also need to be checked.

As you can see, safety is only a sponge, soap and know-how away. The more people aware of how to keep these units safe for use, the more potential lives saved. Therefore, please share this post with those you know who use domestic gas for cooking.
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Technology Market / How To Prevent Cooking Gas Explosions In Nigerian Homes by Saocv(m): Wed Oct 2019 01:07pm

Back to Bode. After several rounds of questioning and introspection, it was clear that his misfortune had come as a result of some faulty tubing connecting the cylinder to the cooker. If as little as 2% of LPG leaks out, it will form a flammable mixture with air. Within a confined space with no adequate ventilation, this can very easily cause an explosion.

Hoses and tubing on gas cylinders are one of the weakest points in the system, and it is important to pay attention to keeping these as safe for use as possible. One would be surprised at how easy it is to ensure safety, and how simplistic the safety instructions are, compared to the damage caused annually. The experts at Calor suggest:

*Keeping the tubing away from bright sunlight, dampness, abrasion and heavy weights.
*Replaces hoses every 5 years, as they are manufactured with a lifespan of 5 years
*Store the cylinders in a place where you have good ventilation. This is because LPG is heavier than air, and gravity ensures that it will flow along floors and and settle in pockets in the ground (if any). As a result, a leak and an ignition source are the only requirements for an explosion to occur. In addition to this, an unchecked leak will cause air to be displaced, increasing the chances of suffocation.
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Technology Market / How To Prevent Cooking Gas Explosions In Nigerian Homes by Saocv(m): Wed Oct 2019 01:07pm
What is in ‘cooking gas’?

Cooking gas sold in Nigeria is otherwise known as Liquefied Petroleum Gas, or LPG. Liquified because because the gases can be stored in liquid form with moderate pressure, Petroleum because the composite gases are light hydrocarbons (composed of carbon and hydrogen if we are to revisit organic chemistry notes of years gone by) – butane and propane in varying compositions, Gas because, well…Gas.

Where does LPG come from?

In 1910, Dr Water Snelling, an American chemist working for the US bureau of Mines launched an investigation into a customer complaint regarding his petrol evaporating too quickly.

LPG is made up of a flammable mixture of propane and butane gases in varying quantities. When sold separately in Nigeria, Butane comes in a blue cylinder, and propane comes in a red cylinder. The nature of this composition means that it has to be stored, transported and used via pressurised cylinders. LPG is ideal for cooking because it burns cleanly (this means that it burns without any soot or smoke given off), and exposure to this in small amounts is not toxic to humans. It is relatively odourless, however an odourant is added to enable detection in the event of leakage.

Just like in Nigeria, it is used for cooking in countries which don’t have gas piped to homes for domestic purposes.
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Sports / Chelsea FC Teams Up With 1xBet by Javad_jadesh(m): Fri Aug 2019 07:25pm
I was very glad to hear this news! I think it's very important for both sides. cool! 1xbet is a stable bookmaker and has no problem with bets
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Health / Explainer: All you need to know about mass hysteria by Javad_jadesh(m): Fri Oct 2019 08:14am

In Summary
Specialists often describe it as a psychological illness, meaning it begins in the mind as opposed to the body.

Reports show that symptoms are further spread when there is much attention given such as a media coverage of the outbreak.

Most of mass hysteria outbreaks stop when people get away from the place where the illness started.
society is not a safe thing. a lot of mental diseases are transmitted by simple imposition and talk
Sports / Belgium Becomes First Country To Qualify For Euro 2020 As Lukaku Scores Twice by Javad_jadesh(m): Fri Oct 2019 08:49am
Belgium became the first team to qualify for Euro 2020 as Romelu Lukaku scored twice in a 9-0 thrashing of San Marino.

Roberto Martinez' side have an unassailable 11-point lead over third-place Cyprus in Group I.

Belgium led 6-0 at the break after Lukaku's brace, two own goals and Nacer Chadli and Youri Tielemans' strikes.

Christian Benteke made it 7-0 before Yari Verschaeren scored a penalty and Timothy Castagne wrapped up the win.

Lukaku's double takes his international tally to 51 and makes him the first player to score 50 goals for Belgium.

The Inter Milan striker has six goals in 10 games for club and country this season.

Meanwhile, Russia look set to join Belgium in progressing from Group I as they strengthened their position in second place with a 4-0 win against Scotland.

that is really a good team!
Politics / Ruto's Wealth to Be Made Public in New Bill by Kenyans247(m): Thu Oct 2019 09:37am



Politics / Ruto's Wealth to Be Made Public in New Bill by Kenyans247(m): Thu Oct 2019 09:37am

הצעת חוק חדשה נועדה לאפשר לקניינים לקבל גישה למידע על הכנסות, נכסים והתחייבויות של אנשים המכהנים במשרדים ציבוריים בזמן שהממשלה מרימה את מאבקה בשחיתות.

אם הצעת החוק לביקורת על סגנון חיים 2019 שנמצא בסנאט תועבר לחוק, יחושף העושר של גורמים בכירים במדינה כולל הנשיא אוהורו קניאטה וסגן הנשיא וויליאם רוטו.

הצעת החוק, כפי שראתה על ידי, פורסמה ב- 6 בספטמבר 2019, דורשת להצהיר את הצהרת העושר לציבור באמצעות אתר אינטרנט. נציבות האתיקה וההשחתה (EACC) תהיה אחראית על אירוח האתר.
Politics / Ruto's Wealth to Be Made Public in New Bill by Kenyans247(m): Thu Oct 2019 09:37am

መንግሥት ሙስናን የሚዋጋውን ውጊያ ሲያጠናቅቅ የመንግሥት ባለሥልጣናትን የሚይዙ ሰዎችን የገቢ ምንጭ ፣ ሀብትና ግዴታዎች በተመለከተ መረጃ እንዲያገኙ የሚያስችል አዲስ ሂሳብ ተዘጋጅቷል ፡፡

በሴኔት ውስጥ ያለው የኑሮ ዘይቤ ኦዲት ሂሳብ 2019 በሴኔቱ ውስጥ ወደ ህግ ከተላለፈ ፕሬዚዳንቱን ኡሁሩ ኬንያታ እና ምክትል ፕሬዝደንት ዊሊያም ሩቶን ጨምሮ ለህዝብ ይፋ ይደረጋል ፡፡

የሂሳብ መግለጫው እ.ኤ.አ. በመስከረም 6 ቀን 2019 የታተመ ሲሆን በኬንያስ የታየው የሀብት መግለጫ በድር ጣቢያ አማካይነት ለህዝብ እንዲቀርብ ይፈልጋል ፡፡ ሥነምግባር እና ፀረሙስና ኮሚሽን (ኢ.ሲ.ሲ.) ድር ጣቢያውን ያስተናግዳል ፡፡
Social Media/K247 Chit-Chat / Singer Akothee says she cannot date African men because she can't control them. by Marshall(m): Mon Aug 2019 09:52pm
Many ladies have missed their Mr. Right because they are searching for a tall, handsome and rich man.
Social Media/K247 Chit-Chat / Singer Akothee says she cannot date African men because she can't control them. by Marshall(m): Mon Aug 2019 09:52pm
Many ladies have missed their Mr. Right because they are searching for a tall, handsome and rich man.
Ugandan Forum / What can you remember about this no nonsense man????????? by Marshall(m): Fri Aug 2019 09:55pm
scams, plagiarism, hacking, gay meetings, incitement, promoting secession.
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International Forum / What next for 1.9 million 'stateless' Indians? by Marshall(m): Sat Aug 2019 06:18pm
What next for 1.9 million 'stateless' Indians?
Celebrities / Former Machachari actor Almasi spotted with Caucasian male and fans believe they are dating by Cooganke(m): Tue May 2019 07:15pm
Former Machachari actor Almasi spotted with Caucasian male and fans believe they are dating #GenderForum
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This boy has been completely reduced to nothing
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TV/Movies / Africanews Live by Javad_jadesh(m): Sat Aug 2019 11:34pm
is it always live?
International Forum / Russian Plane Crash-Landed In Cornfield After Engines Suck In Birds(Pics) by Javad_jadesh(m): Mon Aug 2019 08:39am
it's a miracle! seriously, I can't even imagine what feelings have these people...
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Food / Have you ever known taking lime it has great advantages in our bodies? by Javad_jadesh(m): Mon Aug 2019 07:53am
I eat citrus fruits almost every day. so not surprised that lime is so useful. sometimes I even buy just lime juice
International Forum / Russian Plane Crash-Landed In Cornfield After Engines Suck In Birds(Pics) by Saocv(m): Mon Aug 2019 08:39am
In total, 23 of the 226 passengers and seven crew on board were sent to hospital for minor injuries, though only one - a 69-year-old woman - required further treatment.

Captain Damir Yusupov, 41, was hailed as a hero after he managed to bring the plane down without any engine power or landing gear and without causing any major injuries.
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Investment / KNU Income 2019: How To Make Money On KNU by Codex(m): Sat Aug 2019 10:40pm
Woooow this is great, thanks guys
Rwanda Forum / Is Rwanda more developed than most African countries? by Saocv(m): Tue Aug 2019 12:29pm
No. It's just Kigali which is the capital city of rwanda is well developed than most african cities and also the cleanest city in Africa. I think that's what makes some people to think that its the most developed in Africa. In East Africa alone, Rwanda’s economy comes in position 4,that's Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda then Rwanda. As an East African, I think in a few years Rwanda might be at the top with Tanzania following, this is because: In Kenya there's too much or a lot of corruption, kenyan leaders steal a lot of development funds and loans and they use that money to invest in the west. The type of leadership in Kenya is my stomach first, Chinese second and Kenyans third. So with this kind of leadership Kenya is not developing at all but rather sinking in debt. For Uganda, there's also a lot of corruption with a two lane road width of 53km costing more than Thika super highway of kenya which is a 6 lane of 50km. Also leaders in this country are only concerned with my stomach first. Tanzania seems to be doing well and of course Rwanda is doing much better than any other East African Country so Rwanda maybe at the top soon
South Sudan Forum / Do you think Sudan and South Sudan will reunite? by Saocv(m): Tue Aug 2019 12:31pm
No I do not.

People of South Sudan have endured a civil war starting in 1983 up until 2005, over 2 million South Sudanese were killed in the name of Jihad by an Islamists government in the North. South Sudanese have also endured racism and discrimination from Sudanese citizens as they were enslaved, beaten, and treated unfairly by the majority of the country. The word Janubi جنوبي means Southren in Arabic became synonymous with a slur, where people get offended when you describe them as such. People still use the word Janubi in their daily conversations as a slur.

All of these reasons made South Sudanese to vote for independence with 98%, this shows how fed up everyone in the South was when they finally got the opportunity for a cession.

Many Northrens still view the South as less than, and the same applies to its people. Northern Sudanese recognize the importance of the South in terms of its natural resources and its share of oil.

Many Northrens completely neglect to mention the fact that the majority of the country participated in a genocide carried out against the south in the name of Jihad and liberating the south from “infidel Christians”.
Tanzania Forum / Why is Tanzania's music industry successful than Kenya's? by Saocv(m): Tue Aug 2019 12:24pm
Personally, I think it's because of two reasons.

Originality : Tanzanian music is original and the Tanzanians themselves embrace it. The artists take their time in composing wittt lyrics. In Kenya, some artists do the same, but most just put words together. Here we tend to copy other people's style.
Public support : Compare YouTube views of Kenyan songs to those in TZ. They also have more and successful mudic buyinh sites than Kenya.
Webmasters / What is the most popular forum on the internet? Which has the biggest number by Saocv(m): Tue Aug 2019 11:11am
Updated: 2019

Questions like this can be tough to answer for a few reasons. However, I’ll save the “reasons” for the end since most people just want the list.

Do note, this list has been updated 3Xs now (2019, 2018 and the time before in 2016). As a result, it will show movements in the ranks since the last time the list was updated:

Reddit 1.56 bill/mo (down from 1.66 bill/mo in 1/1
Twitch 856 mill/mo (initial entry on this list) 662 mill/mo (up from 473 mill/mo) - stays 3rd
Github 586 mill/mo (new)
Imgur 412 mill/mo (new)
Stack Overflow 365 mill/mo (up from 315 mill/mo) - down 2 ranking spots
Discord 336 mill/mo (new)
Steam 267 mill/mo (new)
Medium 225 mill/mo (new)
Archive of our Own 210 mill/mo (new)
IGN Boards 114.5 mill/mo (down from 193 mill/mo) - down 3 spots
Microsoft Docs 103.8 mill/mo (new)
GameFAQs (Gamespot) 96.7 mill/mo (new)
4chan 69 mill/mo (down from 137 mil/mo) - down 5 spots
Ultimate Guitar 68.6 mill/mo (from 107 mill/mo) - down 5 spots
Slick Deals 63 mil/mo (down from 82 mill/mo) - down 4 spots
Nexus Mods 60 mill/mo (new)
Literotica* 57 mill/mo (new - do note it’s an adult site)
XDA-Developers Android Forums 56.3 mill/mo (down from 102 mill/mo) - down 8 spots 53.2 mill/mo (down from 199 mill/mo) - down 13 spots
KASKUS 46.1 mill/mo (down from 71 mill/mo) - down 8 spots
tutorials point 41.7 mill/mo (new & interesting site from the initial glance)
GeeksforGeeks 39.9 mill/mo (new)
MDN web docs 39.1 mill/mo (new)
Ars Technica 33.1 mill/mo (down from 49 mill/mo) - down 10 spots 28.1 mill/mo (up from 21.4 mill/mo) - down 8 spots
Originally, I shared over 50 of the communities I found via all the scanning I could find through reference sites and the audits of their recent traffic numbers. SimilarWeb appears to possibly have improved their accuracy of their estimates along with now also having the ability to measure subdomains and the like. So, we’re getting closer to having more precise numbers for the “forum” aspect of these sites.

With that said, some of the sites do include NON-forum traffic which may skew the ranks or the positions. Nevertheless, I think most people are looking for guidance and not necessarily a perfect list generated someone who’s actually paid for doing this.

Also, a couple findings I had with the list which will probably make a lot of sense with “online behavior”:

many more sites based on gaming, development (i.e., coding) and adult related forums are appearing in the top positions of this list.
traffic appears to have either dwindled in most of the forums listed in 2018 OR the traffic basically migrated to other new sites on the list
Also, I was able to find another 71 forums that have generated a million or more visits a month. I’ll try my best to document that and come back here and share either a link to the rest or post them here.

Lastly, here are some thoughts I had when originally creating this.

Challenges behind creating this list:

What is exactly a forum? For example, Facebook could be considered a forum. Many people come together and talk in so many ways. You could argue it’s the biggest of them all.
The “forums” I found are from a list put together by the great people at Wikipedia. They list many websites which have “forums” as a component. To get the exact traffic is not as easy as one might think. So, comparing one forum vs. another is almost impossible given that we can’t guarantee the way they measure the forum ONLY, in terms of size. I only found one subdomain that similarweb measured and that’s because over the history of the internet, this subdomain became its own brand.
Lastly, what is the best measurement and who’s going to do it for us. We have only SimilarWeb and Alexa to really assist us all who don’t want to pay thousands to some research company. We’ll use SimilarWeb for today.
I’ve decided also I’ll only list the ones above 1 million visits a month.

*Do note that the numbers may change - in particular, since there’s the “pokemon craze” going on right now (Brandon Na's answer to Why are people going crazy with Pokémon GO?), it will obviously boost anything “pokemon” related.

Update: 8/16/2019

Brief addition to the list today adding Archive of Our Own which was disovered through an effort to examine all the top sites in the world — a pet project of mine. This now makes the list 26 long vs. 25 which is a more “handy” number I realize, but I’m also a fan of keeping as much information as possible.

Also, do note that I didn’t do a full audit of the other 25 sites. Frankly, the list could have changed, but at this time (just a few months after the last update), I didn’t feel compelled to spend the extensive time needed to make the update.

Update: 5/21/2019

This answer has grown more popular than I expected. The position the answer holds in google for search terms related to “top forums” appears to have generated so much traffic that it’s outdoing my longstanding top answer on Quora: Brandon Na's answer to Has someone treated you poorly until they discovered you were wealthy and/or successful?

This time around, I’ve done even more research to expand the list and edit out the ones below 1 million visits a month (according to SimilarWeb). Also, I decided to list the top 25 and will find some time to blog about this more comprehensively and list the rest in a post.

Update: 1/27/2018 - yikes, they sent this via the Digest. I should update at least the top 10’s traffic volume from Jul 30th, 2016. It’s very different.

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Social Media/K247 Chit-Chat / WHAT HTTP 504 Status Code (Gateway Timeout) MEANS by Saocv(m): Sun Aug 2019 10:39am
Building/Architecture / China Zun in Beijing, China, is the 9th tallest building. by Kenyans247(m): Thu Aug 2019 03:33pm
Taipei 101 in Taipei, Taiwan, was the world's tallest building from 2004 to 2010; it is now 10th.
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Building/Architecture / Mombasa | City Gallery Urban Kenya Cityscapes, skylines and urban photos by Kenyans247(m): Tue Aug 2019 01:25am
Mombasa may be a great vacation city but it has disapointed in many other areas. The so called informal sector should be regulated and taxed so that the infrustructure can be improved. Another problem with Mombasa is the fact that the old buildings have been retained even when they are not historic buildings, the city looks run-down and in need of a major facelift. Nakuru is on the way back and Kisumu seems to have a plan to make itself a viable modern city but Mombasa remains a city with no real direction. I don't mind spending time in the many impressive hotels, restaurants and clubs but the average Mombasan's life can be improved by better planning.
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Building/Architecture / Mombasa | City Gallery Urban Kenya Cityscapes, skylines and urban photos by Kenyans247(m): Tue Aug 2019 01:25am
Park Development.
Sh500m plan to turn historic gardens into a pleasure park


Publication Date: 3/21/2007
An ambitious plan to turn the decrepit Mama Ngina drive in Mombasa into a modern recreational garden, complete with shopping arcades and other facilities, might be realised soon.

This follows the hosting by Mombasa of the prestigious World Cross Country championships starting this week.

The plan was first mooted by the National Museums of Kenya (NMK) two years ago but nothing came of it until now.

The Government has just released over Sh10 million to the NMK to give the garden a face-lift. The coordinator of the Mama Ngina project, Dr Ahmed Yassin, paid tribute to the ongoing beautification of Mombasa for the athletics fete.

MAJOR FACELIFT: Some of the ongoing efforts to green and light up the gardens. “For the adventurous, a walk down the cliff into nearby caves is a must, letting the cool ocean water lap one’s feet. It’s a sensational experience.” Photos/LABAN WALLOGA.

He said hope had been rekindled that the garden’s historical and recreational value would not be lost. The name Mama Ngina, he added, is revered by Kenyans and the Government.

“The cross country event is a God-send. Plans to have the garden transformed into an international recreation and business facility might be realised soon,” he said.

More promises made

When top Government officials toured the area recently to assess the progress so far, more promises were made on sprucing up of the garden. It remains to be seen whether all that was said will come to pass.

Four permanent secretaries, Mr Gerishon Ikiara (Transport), Mrs Rebecca Nabutola (Tourism), Mrs Alice Mayaka (Heritage) and Mrs Rachael Dzombo (Gender, Sports, Culture and Social Services) attended the tour. Government spokesman Alfred Mutua was also in the team. He promised a further Sh3 million to upgrade pavements and walkways at the park.

An inter-ministerial committee was proposed to look into further development of the park and sustain what has already been achieved.

Although the work being undertaken in beautification of Mombasa is minimal, compared to what is expected, there is a marked improvement in the town’s outlook.

Perched on a cliff

Previously, the situation was horrible. Shanty houses perched on a cliff overlooking Likoni channel were a new inclusion to the decay that was rapidly eating into the historic Mama Ngina Drive Park.

Oblivious of the dangers that lurk on the edge of the cliff, the families went about their life uninterrupted, occasionally watching big ships cruising into the Mombasa harbour through the Likoni channel.

It takes a keen eye to notice the houses that are partly hidden by a thicket and sandwiched by giant baobab trees.

Just a few meters away, as one entered or left the Likoni ferry, deafening noise emanating from matatus at the terminus welcomed one to the park.

Exhaust fumes mixed with dust from speeding matatus and other vehicles spread into the nearby open air restaurants, where patrons enjoyed their meals.

After filling their bellies with food, which was sold for as little as Sh10 a plate, some ill-mannered customers would take a stroll behind the baobab trees for short calls, sending an acrid smell to the nostrils of nearby patrons. For long, this was the normal pattern of life. A meal could be taken anywhere so long as it was affordable.

Despite the many years of neglect and wrangles between different groups that claimed ownership of the area, its breathtaking beauty and soothing sea breeze were ideal for relaxation.

Watch the sun set

Every evening, people visit the park for a stroll, or to while away the time as they watch the sun set against an azure ocean background.

Come Sunday and the scene is different. People start streaming in from as early as 10am. They stroll along the road while others sit under the baobab trees.

For the adventurous, a walk down the cliff into nearby caves is a must, letting the cool ocean water lap their feet. It is a sensational experience.

The NMK came up with a proposal for an ambitious multi-million project that would transform the park from its unkempt state to an exotic recreation and business enterprise. Ultimately, this will change the face of Mombasa town.

The project is a master-plan of landscaping and rehabilitation. It will create a new look to the pedestrian area, vehicular access and relaxing areas. Architect Kassim Omar says the design mirrors the typology of the Mombasa Old Town.

“We held a stake-holders workshop that brought together other groups with special interests — like the municipal council, National Environmental Management Authority, architects and engineers. The group took stock of the project and gave its valued opinion.

“We want to create at the Kilindini waterfront an organised centre that will provide a one-stop entertainment and shopping arcade. We will not evict vendors of madafu and crisps, but will give them a more organised and hygienic environment,” said the then Heritage minister, Mr Najib Balala. This was soon after the project’s masterplan was launched.

According to the estimates, the project will cost about Sh500 million. The first phase will comprise an integrated landscaping programme, children’s park, public toilets and shopping malls — at about Sh200 million.

When complete, the park will have an amphitheatre where artists can exhibit their skills — plays and dances. The audience will pay token fees for the entertainment.

Exhibits on display at the Old Law Courts, Mombasa, were really exotic.

“This is a project whose returns are guaranteed to ensure sustainability. Many financial institutions and donors will not have any reservation about it."

The exhibition gave the public a chance to view and comment on the project, as they are the main stakeholder. Players in the tourism industry praised the venture, but were sceptical on the Government’s commitment.

Keep park’s image intact

They were equally unsure whether the gains made in beautifying the town’s gardens, parks, pavements and round-abouts would be sustained after the cross-country championships.

The chairperson of the Kenya Association of Tour Operators (KATO), Ms Tasneem Adamji, said there was need for follow-up to ensure that the relevant agencies enforced the laws to keep the park’s image intact.

“It is good for the industry. This is not the first time that the private sector has contributed immensely towards uplifting the city’s image.

"But in many cases, there has been no one to take care of these projects after they achieve their initial purposes,” she said.
The African Renaissance.
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Building/Architecture / Mombasa | City Gallery Urban Kenya Cityscapes, skylines and urban photos by Kenyans247(m): Tue Aug 2019 01:25am
Mombasa | City Gallery
Some pics of Kenya's second largest city. Most Mombasa pics are of the old town that has been around for over a century but I will try and get pics of the new modern Mombasa and the international airport that has tons of flights from Europe. Nairobi may have it's skyscrapers but Mombasa is the place to relax. Looks like my pics did not post, if anyone can help please let me know how to post the pics...** Mombasa Gallery **
Mombasa is the second largest city in Kenya, lying on the Indian Ocean. It has a major port and an international airport. The city is the centre of the coastal tourism industry. The original Arabic name is Manbasa; in Kiswahili it is called Kisiwa Cha Mvita (or Mvita for short), which means "Island of War", due to the many changes in its ownership. The town is also the headquarters of Mombasa District which, like most other districts in Kenya, is named after its chief town.

The city has a population of around 900,000 inhabitants (1999 census: 665,01 and is located on Mombasa Island, which is separated from the mainland by two creeks; Tudor Creek and Kilindini Harbour. The island is connected to the mainland to the north by the Nyali Bridge, to the south by the Likoni Ferry and to the west by the Makupa Causeway, alongside which runs the Uganda Railway. The port serves both Kenya and countries of the interior, linking them to the Ocean. The town is also home to an airport.
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Celebrities / Biographies and Kenyans Celebrity Profile by Kenyans247(m): Tue Aug 2019 12:05am

1 2 9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
KeepItReal Dydda
125 Musiq
Aaron Rimbui
Abbih Nguma
Abby Nato
Abeddy Ngosso
Ace Tha Don
Achieng Abura
Acie Muiruri
Adawnage Band
Adelle Onyango
AIC Kayole
Aime Mbumba
Aisha Okutoyi
Albert Shehi
Aleeb Calebo
Alex Kasau
Alex Woud Chinga
Ali Bex
Ali Kiba
Ali Mukhwana
Alice Big Tonny
Alice Bram
Alice Kamande
Alice Kepha
Alice Kimanzi
Alisha Popat
Allan Mbaki
Allan Sucre
Ally B
Ally Kim
Alpha Fakoly
Alpha Msanii
Alpha Mwana Mtule
Alphonce Kioko
Altarmin Dancers
Amani G
Amani PS
Ameru Crew
Amo Kamili
Amos And Josh
Amos Mungai
Amoury Beybe
Ana Free
Anastacia Mukabwa
Anastasia J
Andrew Siokino
Andy Joe
AnGee G
Angela Olakhi
Angela Ndambuki
Ango Gilly
Anita Angel
Ann Kariuki
Ann Magiri
Ann Mburu
Ann Muturi
Ann Njeri
Ann Vutagwa
Ann Wanyama
Ann Warukira
Anne Muratha
Anne Otieno
Annette Kawira
Annette Tenaya
Annie Kimani
Annie Luketh
Anthony Maina Githinji
Anto NeoSoul
Antonio MuziQal
Apostle Rukih Moses
Armine Kahindo
Arrow Bwoy
Asen B
Ashley Ngendo
Atemi Oyungu
Atomy Sifa
Ayango Nyanango
Ayub Ogada
Ayzzoh Levite
B2 Shan
Babu Gee
Baby J Nyambs
Baby T
Bagz Badkampany
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Bamdogo Zeze
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Becky M
Bed Bug
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Bella D
Bellary Classic
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Benjamin Kabaseke
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Betty Bayo
Beva Nyatogo
Big Pin
Billy Frank
Bin Kalama
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Black Sultan
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Bob Mbithi
Bob T
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Duxx- M.O.B
E Wanjiru
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EV Charity Maina
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Evelyn Wanjiru A
Everlast Kenya
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Eze Chris
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Fat S
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Figa B
Fisha Man
Flim CMB
Flora Mwake
Florence Andenyi
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Flow Y
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Fortran B
Frahjo D
Francis Kay
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Fred Mwana
Fredie Fiedel
French Boy
Frenky Kyser
Freshiah Ndichu
Fridah Nkatha
G Boy
G Flow
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Gaby Kamanzi
Gachathi Wa Thuo
Garvey Royal
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Genela Ree
General Kaka
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Gidi Gidi
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Gitari Bishop
Gitegi Kimotho
GK Kenya
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Hash B
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J Blessing
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J Messenger
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Jane Kiarie
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Jane Nyambura
Jane Watetu
Janet Job
Janet Makori
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Janet Otieno
Japheth Musila
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Jay A
Jay General
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Jay Sam
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Jay Star
Jayne Ge
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Jeff King
Jeff Mangara
Jemimah Thiong’o
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Jilly Baby
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Joe Big
Joe G
Joe G
Joe Joseph
Joe Mfalme
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John De Mathew
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John Mkenya
John Njagi
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John Ruba
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John Stonik
Johnny Vigeti
Johny Dave
Jonathan Kimindu
Jonny Skani
Jose Chameleone
Jose Gatutura
Jose Gicina
Jose Jay
Jose Katumbide
Jose Wamapendo
Joseph Kamaru
Joseph Muruaru
Josephine Mbugua
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Joshua K
Joshua Prince
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Josphat Karanja
Joy Ambale
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Joy Mugambi
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JP Japolo
Jua Cali
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Judy Lewis
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Juke Myster
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Just A Band
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Justus Myello
Jz Djohar
K Mode
Kaa La Moto
Kaffi Muzic
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Kagwe Mungai
Kahuho wa Wanjiru
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Kajei Wa Gichiku
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Kaleb Singa
Kalekye Mumo
Kalimani Tha Mc
Kamande Wa Kioi
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Kambi Comfort
Kangethe Micah
Kanyua Shui
Kaptain Donald
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Kate Waweru
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Ken G3
Ken Wa Maria
Ken Wab
Ken Wangui
Kenn Eddy Krezi
Kenneth Kibe
Kennon Ken
Kenny Bizzoh
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Kenti M.O.G
Kenyan Boys Choir
Kepha Maina
Kev Mamba
Kevin Grands
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Kevo Mula
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Keym Honey
Keysha Brown
Khaligraph Jones
Khev Wes
Kiboko Yao
Killa Styles
Kim Danny
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King Alfytin
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King Nigger
Kitu Sewer
Kizo B
Klin K
Krg The Don
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Kus Ma
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Labalaa Makau
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Laura Stacy
Le Band
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Limit S
Linah Kirui
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Lisa Wambui
Litmus Boyz
Living Winners Worship Team
Lizzie P
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Lwanda Cast
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Maich BMF
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Man Ingwe
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Man Azzer
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Marion Shako
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Martin Murunga
Martin Wa Janet
Mary Eliuds
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Mary Maweu
Mary Mwangi
Masha Mapenzi
Master Piece
Mathare All Stars
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Maximum Impact
Maximum Melodies
MC Elem
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Mercy Mbaabu
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Moji Shortbabaa
Mojoh Blaq Spot
Molly Kemunto
Mond G
Moodkai Asapa
Morgan Captain
Morice Katee
Moroko Kalahari
Moses Sirgoi
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Moti-ice Beibe
Mount Kenya Group
Mr Naibey
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Ms Okinda
Msupa S
Mugikuyu +254
Muigai Wa Njoroge
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Nasty Bull
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Necessary Noize
Neema K
Neema Ntalel
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Nick Dogg
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Nikali Vocals
Nina Njoroge
Nissie Okoth
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Njoroge James
Noel Nderitu
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Noon Za Gift
Noti Flow
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Octave Band
Okinyo Flory
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Orbit Village Home
Osogo Winyo
Otieno Aloka
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Pacific Banji
Padi Wubonn
Pamela Wandera
Papa Dennis
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Pascal Tokodi
Pastor Anthony Musembi
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Pastor Becky
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Pastor Shaddy
Patoh Njuguna
Patricia Kihoro
Paul Kanithi
Paul Kimz
Paul Mwai
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Prince Sam
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Private Wing
Profesa Nasha
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Puloo Selekta
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Qraizy Duo
Qritiqal Eric
Queen Jane
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Qui Gatheru
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Radi Mziki
Rapper TN
Ray Juma
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Real C TPK
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Red Acapella
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Rekindle Band
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Ricc Berry
Richie G
Rio D
Ritchie Sax
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Rosemary Carlos
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Rosy Ohon
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Roy Captain
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Safari Sound Band
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Sam C
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Sanabi Son TPK
Sanino Bless
Sara Mitaru
Sarah K
Sarah Mbogo
Sarah Mirie
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Sarah Mwangi
Sarah N
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Sarakasi Dancers
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Scally Musiq
Senior Chief
Serah Sarah
Shaa Biggy
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Shadya Delgush
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Sheila Cherotio
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Side B
Silas Barasa
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Sis P
Size 8
SK Blue
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Slay Z
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Slumdeezy SV
Smallz Lethal
Solomon Ndungu
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Sonie M
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Sweet Boy
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Sydney 125
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Symoh K
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T Kay
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Timeless Noel
Timmy Tdat
Timmy Tim
Timona Mburu
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Tina Kuto
Tina M
Tinah Joe
Titus Mwangi
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Tom Chacha
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Trey B
Trigga VKP MB
Tripple S
Triza Njeri
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Trizah Melody
Twakutukuza Choir
Twenty 2
U Turn
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Vicky Kitonga
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Victor B
Victor Momanyi
Victoria Kimani
Victoria Nabwire
Vinnie Banton
Vinta Smoullz
Viola Karuri
Virginia Moses
Virusi Mbaya
Vita Blue
VJ One
Voodoo Seller
Voste Wade
Vosti Calas
Vuusya Ungu
Wahu Mbugua
Wainaina Mbugua
Wakamba Wawili
Wally B
Walter Koga
Wambui Ngugi
Wangeci Kariuki
Wangeci Mbogo
Wanja Wahoro
Wanyoike Wa Marua
Wash Mistari
Wasojali Band
Waweru Karanja
Wazee Wetu
Webuye Jua Kali Band
Wendy Kimani
Wernono Family
Wilberforce Musyoka
Willie Mwiti
Willie Oeba
Willy Kay
Willy Moh
Willy Gee
Willy J
Willy Paul
Winky Daily
Winnie Chris
Winnie Favour
Winnie Nzuki
Winrose Chepkorir
Witty Mayne
Xpat Mkwanja
Yello B
Yolo Feva
Young D
Young King
Young Morgan
Young Noah
Yudita Wanjiku
Yung Nnoiz
Yuny Kamau
Yvonne Darcq
Yvonne O
Zae De Kim
Zak Mtumishi
Zedie Man
Zikki Kenya
Ziky Kenya
Zinno Boy
Zum C
Celebrities / Biographies and Kenyans Celebrity Profile by Kenyans247(m): Tue Aug 2019 12:05am
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Celebrities / Biographies and Kenyans Celebrity Profile by Kenyans247(m): Tue Aug 2019 12:05am
Adelle Onyango
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Celebrities / Biographies and Kenyans Celebrity Profile by Kenyans247(m): Tue Aug 2019 12:05am
Adawnage Band
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Celebrities / Biographies and Kenyans Celebrity Profile by Kenyans247(m): Tue Aug 2019 12:05am
Acie Muiruri
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Celebrities / Biographies and Kenyans Celebrity Profile by Kenyans247(m): Tue Aug 2019 12:05am
Achieng Abura
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Achieng Abura is a musician from Kenya, who performs Afro-jazz, Afro-fusion and gospel music.

She debuted with a gospel album I Believe around 1990. Her following albums were Way Over Yonder and Sulwe. In 2002, when she had shifted to Afro-jazz, she released albumMaisha. Later she released album Spirit Of a Warrior. Her latest album, titled Dhahabu Yangu was released in 2007 by Blu Zebra label,owned by Tedd Josiah.

She Voice of Crow from Tinga Tinga Tales.

Abura won Kora Award in 2004 for Best East African Female, the award was shared with Tsedenia Gebremarkos of Ethiopia. She is an UNDP Goodwill ambassador. She has toured abroad, for example Spain.

She was part of the Divas of The Nile supergroup, that featured four Kenyan female musicians. The others were Suzzana Owiyo, Mercy Myra and Princess Jully. The group performed at the Festival Mundial in Tilburg, Netherlands in 2007.

She acted as a principal of East African Project Fame in 2008. She has campaigned for the Global Call to Action Against Poverty. She is among the Kenyan artistes who have been sponsored by the Alliance Française in Nairobi. Abura was nominated for the social responsibility category at the 2008 Kisima Music Awards

She was born in Eldoret. She hold a MSc. degree in Philosophy and Environmental studies. She has one child.

Kenyan musician Abbi was formerly Abura's backing vocalist before he became prominent solo artist.
Celebrities / Biographies and Kenyans Celebrity Profile by Kenyans247(m): Tue Aug 2019 12:05am
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Celebrities / Biographies and Kenyans Celebrity Profile by Kenyans247(m): Tue Aug 2019 12:05am
Ace Tha Don
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Celebrities / Biographies and Kenyans Celebrity Profile by Kenyans247(m): Tue Aug 2019 12:05am
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Celebrities / Biographies and Kenyans Celebrity Profile by Kenyans247(m): Tue Aug 2019 12:05am
Abeddy Ngosso
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Celebrities / Biographies and Kenyans Celebrity Profile by Kenyans247(m): Tue Aug 2019 12:05am
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Abbas grew up in the hood of Kariobangi South on the outskirts of Nairobi. Abbas' musical career started out in the mid 90’s when he would regularly perform at Florida 2000 Jam showcasing his talent alongside other upcomin artists on Sunday afternoons. Abbas teamed up with his older brother KC and fellow rapper Bamboo to form the pioneering Kenyan hip hop group 'K-South'. Together the three of them took East Africa by storm. They released two critically acclaimed albums, ‘Nairoberry’ and ‘Nairobism.’ In 2005 Abbas launched his Solo career. His first solo album 'Angabanga' was a great success and his efforts were recognized when he won the 'Chat' awards in 2007 and 'Best Male Hip-Hop Artist of the Year' at the Kisima awards in 2008. In 2010, Abbas released his 2nd solo album 'Mister Abbas' where he collaborated with artists such as Nazizi, Prezzo, Cannibal, Wyre, Nikki and DNG. Ghettoholic is the working title for the latest solo album by Abbas, due to released in 2014. Featuring guest artists B-Man, Apondi and Harry Kimani, it also reunites Abbas and Bamboo together on track for the first time since they both returned to Kenya from their exploits abroad.
Celebrities / Biographies and Kenyans Celebrity Profile by Kenyans247(m): Tue Aug 2019 12:05am
Aaron Rimbui
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Born in a family of five, with two siblings a brother and sister, Aaron's ear for music was spotted while still a toddler. At three years of age he was already rhythmically drumming using everything in sight - small wonder the first instrument he picked up was the drum set. He attended the Lavington Primary School then the prestigious Nairobi School for his secondary education. Though he claims little if any musical pedigree in his family, his younger brother, Tim 'Ennovator' Rimbui happens to be one of the country's premier producers. Exuberant after just completing his primary education and on only his second week of post-primary vacation, Aaron survived a horrific domestic accident. One of his neighbours had accidentally left a gas cooker on, and while trying to switch it off, a serious gas explosion occurred. Aaron, in a moment of retrospection, recalls being awake through the whole experience and was diagnosed with second degree burns. He spent the next month bedridden at the Nairobi Hospital, kicking off an extremely difficult, yet immensely profound and life-changing period of his life. For the next 18 months he was in and out of hospitals, seeing different specialists due to the complications that arose after the accident. He developed chiloids and had to undergo reconstructive surgery. After numerous visits to theatres for surgery, he found himself earnestly seeking for God's presence to abide with him during this telling period. As his search continued, and his heart reached out for the Lord, he suddenly got baptised in the Holy Spirit while praying. Aaron 'Krucial Keys' Rimbui started playing the drums in 1990 when his father bought him a 4 piece drum-set. After assembling it, he proceeded to carry it to church, and it was not long before he was declared the official church drummer. Prior to his accident he had attended two months worth of piano lessons, but painfully, his fingers were unable to play the keys. While still at Nairobi School he met up with Daniel Mwiti, now of Milele, who mentored him musically and over time he began to blossom as a pianist. At the same time he rubbed shoulders with the school's other talented pianists Chris Adwar and Jacob Asiyo, now of the Hotel Intercontinental. Little did he know that his career in music would be greatly influenced by his attendance of an overnight prayer meeting at the Nairobi Baptist Church . There, he came across two exceptionally gifted guitar players, J.J Ojiambo and Kung'u Mbathi (of Four Winds). Aaron later joined the I.B program at St. Mary's, and on his very first day there, while attending auditions for the annual school musical, he comes across the very same guitarists playing in the band. This began a budding music relationship and after a few months of playing together they formed the band Jazz It All; members being Aaron, Kung'u, JJ and now-producer Gideon Kimanzi. In 2000, Aaron secured an internship at Bruce Odhiambo's Johari Clef Studio and embarked on a journey as a producer. He confesses that being thrust smack into the middle of the secular music industry was a testing period as regards his Christian witness, where he often worked with people who had little or no concerns about his Christian convictions. He recalls rejecting offers to do cigarette advertisements amidst great pressure to do so. Later that year he had an unsuccessful application for the Youth For Christ USA tour. He proceeded to join Pete Odera 's 'Beyond the Veil' album tour. But when the YFC designate pianist Chris Adwar was taken ill, the band suddenly needed a pianist. Fortunately for him, the 2001 YFC USA tour proceeded with him. After touring 8 states and performing at over 600 concerts, he recalls the pressure of it all almost having him contemplating quitting and just coming straight back home. In hindsight he is extremely glad he stayed along, gaining invaluable ministry and performance experience. On completion of the YFC tour he went back to Johari Clef Studio and was also incorporated into the Nairobi Baptist Church worship team. One afternoon while on a worship team practise session, team member Kavila Matu approached Aaron with the idea of meeting up with a friend of his who had just returned from studying music at the prestigious Berkeley College in the U.S. He got to meet Kavutha Mwanzia, a highly gifted jazz vocalist, and immediately they struck up a music relationship. Soon thereafter, the Four Winds Band was formed. Aaron has since been privileged to work in the Sterling Q musical productions Ipitombi and Luanda Magere. He has also toured with seasoned veteran Eric Wainaina, starting off as a pianist and eventually maturing into Eric's music director. For a full year he served as Eric's music director, pianist for Four Winds and band member for his local church, before the juggling became too much for him to handle, prompting him to resign as Eric's band leader. Today Krucial Keys is a highly sort after musician, and has played for the likes of Wyre, Suzanne Owiyo, the Kibukosya's and Kanjii's Villagers Band. An ostensibly talented producer, he is totally sold out to his craft, having produced for the 2005 KORA award winning DNG, as well as artists such as Hellon, on the region's first ever African Jazz Saxophone album, and Chizi on his splendid debut album Suluwe. He proceeded to conceptualise his very own piano jazz concert, and as one thing led to another, the idea morphed into theaaron rimbui recording of his very own debut album 'Keys of life ' an exceptional jazz album with elements of world music and a tinge of benga-fusion. Having incorporated noted vocalists Eric Wainaina and Mercy Myra, Aaron proceeded to craft one of the standout albums of the year 2005. On his inclusion of mainstream artistes in his Keys of Life project he quips: 'They are always willing to include us in what they are doing and how will they experience Jesus if we don't include them in what we are doing' Without hesitation he confesses bible reading and prayer are an integral part of his daily walk with the Lord. Aaron was part and parcel of the Kijiji Records inception in 2005, and after initial talks with Kanjii, who was in the U.S, their dream of working together in production begun to finally take shape. Today Aaron works full-time at the Kijiji Records studio, affectionately dubbed The Village. He is also a worship team member at the Nairobi Chapel Mavuno assembly; all the while still playing with his Four Winds Band. Aaron has experienced the seriousness and professionalism secular artistes put into their performances and endeavours to achieve a higher artistic level of worship music and challenge other worship teams to pursue excellence.

Politics / Kenyan most famous individuals full list by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 08:26am
Wilkister Nyabwa
Seth Olale
Sean Cardovillis
Akisa Wandera
Carol Nderi
Chris Thairu
John Ngirachu
Frankline Macharia
Leila Mohammed
Rob Jillo
Kennedy Mureithi
Mac Otani
Tony Kwalanda
Ouko Okusa
Nicholas Wambua
Zinzi Kibiku
Silvia Chebet
Richard Kagoe
Alex Mwangi
Debarl Inea
Tony Timase
Brenda Wanga
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Hassan Mugambi
Rashid Ronald
Brygettes Ngana
Warothe Kiru
Philip Ochieng
Caleb Ratemo
Rita Tinina
Yussuf Ibrahim
Mwanaisha Chidzuga
Ann Mawathe
Ali Mtenzi
Robin Njogu
Andrew Ochieng
Ahmed Juma Bhalo
Edmond Nyabola
Paul Nabiswa
Olive Burrows
Kwendo Opanga
James Smart
Idris Situma
Mumbi Warui
Njoki Chege
Mutuma Mathiu
Timothy Otieno
Jackson Biko
Ken Wariahe
Ferdinand Omondi
Stellah Murumba
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Politics / Kenyan most famous individuals full list by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 08:26am
Kanze Dena
Lindah Oguttu
Francis Gachuri
Isabella Kituri
Waihiga Mwaura
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Bernard Ndong
Peninah Karibe
Pamela Asigi
Torome Tirike
Salim Swaleh
Asha Mwilu
Rashid Abdalla
Roseline Wangui
Sean Cardovillis
Sam Ogina
Emmanuel Igunza
Godfrey Mwapembwa GADO
Mercy Juma
Sam Gituku
Rose Gakuo
Michael Mumo
Oliver Mathenge
Michelle Ngele
Michael Njenga
Nyambega Gisesa
Walter Menya
Peter Opondo
Politics / Kenyan most famous individuals full list by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 08:26am
Victor Wanyama
Dennis Oliech
McDonald Mariga
Arnold Origi
Boniface Oluoch
Brian Mandela
David Owino
Harun Shakava
David Ochieng
Dennis Odhiambo
Collins Okoth
Paul Were
Ayub Timbe
Johanna Omolo
Humphrey Miano
Anthony Akumu
Jesse Were
Michael Olunga
Allan Wanga
Mike Okoth Origi
Jacob Ghost Mulee
Musa Otieno
Duncan Khaemba
Sophie Ikenye
Zain Verjee
Victor Muyakane
Linus Kaikai
Hussein Mohammed
Farida Karoney
Uduak Amimo
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Rebecca Mbithe (Kalekye)
Aisha Noor (Truphena)
Hezekia Njuguna (Njugush)
Esther Chebet
David Marucha
Ivan Kiplimo
Kendi Kinyua (Makena)
Andrew Amonde
Oscar Ouma
Willy Ambaka
Humphrey Kayange
Patrice Agunda
Biko Adema
Lavin Asego
Horace Otieno
Felix Ayange
Eden Agero
Michael Wanjala
Dr James Mwangi
James Mworia
Bob Collymore
Chris Kirubi
Mbuvi Nguze
Joseph Muganda
Joshua Nyamweya Oigara
Tabitha Karanja
Vimal Shah
Manu Chandaria
Jeremy Awori
Politics / Kenyan most famous individuals full list by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 08:26am
Kenneth Gichoya
Catherine Kamau
Elizabeth Wanjiru
Jackie Mungai
John Githui
Andrew Muthure (Mustafa)
Faith Nyagah (Lisa)
Peter Muriithi Maina
Jeff Okello (Ninja)
Nice Wanjeri
Sandra Dacha
Sospeetah Kiritu
Grace Muna
Eve Dsouza
Maqbul Mohammed
Shadya Delgush
Joyce Maina
ELLY YANG Buliba Omukubi Yang Omukubi
Rosemary Waweru
Mbuthia Ngware
Maende Shikuku
Margaret Aluoch
Alex Khayo
Victoria Muthigi
Pascal Tokodi
Eddy Peter Gebhard
Stella Njeri Mungai
Ambrose Riziki
Bernice Njeri (Njambi)
Winnie Rubi (Awiti)
Politics / Kenyan most famous individuals full list by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 08:26am
Lucia Musau
Joy Kendi
Winnie Odande
Silvia Njoki
Collins Injera
Ezekiel Kemboi
Catherine Ndereba
Asbel Kiprop
Edna Ngeringwony Kiplagat
David Rudisha
Caleb Ndiku
Nicholas Bett
Julius Yego
Vivian Cheruiyot
Mercy Cherono
Davis Mwambili
Peter Kinuthia
Brenda Wairimu
Mary Gacheri
Mkamzee Mwatela
Carolyne Midimo
Mumbi Maina
Kevin Samuel Mbugua
Daniel Peter Weke
Abel Amunga
Gerald Langiri
Jacky Vike (Awinja)
Charles Bukeko (Papa Shirandula)
Patrick Oketch (Charlie)
Idah Alisha
Politics / Kenyan most famous individuals full list by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 08:26am
Victor Kyalo
Julius Korir
Chris Kiptoo
Patrick Nduati Mwangi
Andrew K Tuimur
Nancy Karigithu
Margaret Mwakima
Paul Mwangi Maringa
Susan Mochache
Fatuma Hersi
Wilson Nyakera Irungu
Dinah Jerotich Mwinzi
Zeinab W Hussein
Andrew Kamau Nganga
Margaret Wahito
Zawadi Mudibo
Joseph Kariuki
Macharia Gaitho
Denis Galava
Ochieng Rapuro
Pamela Sittoni
Churchill Otieno
Eric Shimoli
Bernard Namunane
Lucas Barasa
Janet Mbugua
Boniface Mwangi
Mutahi Ngunyi
Sharon Mundia
Nancy Mwai
Politics / Kenyan most famous individuals full list by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 08:26am
Fred Mophat Onyango
Felix Okoth
Raphael Kasuku
Ben Oluoch Okello
George Otieno
Ruth Ochieng
Sleepy David
Owago Nyiro
David The Student
Herman Kago
Fred Omondi
X-tian Dela
Cyprian Nyakundi
Dan Kazungu
Mwangi Kiunjuri
Willy Bett
Charles Keter
Cleopha Mailu
Joe Mucheru
Saitoti Torome
Joe Okudo
Sammy Itemere
Micah Powon
Peter Kaberia
Betty Chemutai Maina
Charles Sunkuli
Lilian Omollo
Nicholas Muraguri
Aidah Munano
Politics / Kenyan most famous individuals full list by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 08:26am
Chero Oywa
Michael Makori
Kobi Kihara
Angeline Wanjeri
Dennis Sila
Lucas Barasa
Fred Mukinda
Dave Opiyo
Alphonce Shiundu
John Ngirachu
Paul Juma
Angira Zadock
Aggrey Mutambo
Isaac Ongiri
Caroline Wafula
Linda Ochanda
Njeri Rugene
John Agunda
Boniface Musambi
Betty Okech
Anne Kiguta
Josephine Sirega
Elizabeth Omolo
Agawo Patrobas
Bonny Bhokello
Chrispin Omondi
Doris Janet Okumu
James Rabala
Charles Odhiambo
Milton Ochieng
Politics / Kenyan most famous individuals full list by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 08:26am
Josephat Odipo
Riya Sharma
Vikash Pattni
Parveen Adam
Kamal Kaur
Seema Sarkar Manji
Irfan Kassam
Raabia Hawa
Rajesh Dandha
Shiksha Arora
Niloufer Abji
Jamil Alibhai
Jasmine Postwalla
Shamim Alu
Justus Owaka
Amani Ayila
Marvin Jamwaka
Sharon Naitore
Rhoda Kidula
Zablon Nyonje
Ann Njogu
Alex Mwakideu
Ali Hassan
Anthony Ndiema
Emannuel Mwashumbe
Khadija Abubakar
Esther Mwende Macharia
Christinah Korosso
Jeff Koinange
Politics / Kenyan most famous individuals full list by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 08:26am
Jacob Ghost Mulee
Bramwell Mwololo
Eudias Kigai
Betty Opondo
Yusuf Kaona
Diamond Okusimba
Sammy Pamzo Omollo
Diblo Kaberia Elmago
Fred Arocho
Getrude Mungai
Mzazi Willy M Tuva
Jeridah Andayi
Jacquey Wilbroda Nyaminde
Geoffrey Mwamburi
Waweru Mburu
John Papa Nasty Maloba
Fred Obachi Machoka
Joyce Gituro
Dj Flash
Kamau Munyua
Jilani Wambura
Kaka Zema
Francis Luchivya
Inspector Mwala
Tina Ogal
Lincon Njogu
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Politics / Kenyan most famous individuals full list by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 08:26am
Italia Masiero
Shaffie Weru
Kalekye Mumo
Adelle Onyango
Lynda Nyangweso
Jeff Mote
Carol Radull
Kieni Githinji
Roy Karuhize
Maina Kageni
Tina Kagia
Larry Asego
Nick Odhiambo
Eric Njoka
Kieni Githinji
Roy Karuhize
Daniel Churchill Ndambuki
David Muriithi
Coco Sobo
Shiks Kapyenga
Rapcha The Sayantist
Kelvin Kibe Mburu
Elizabeth Anyango
John Kyanda
Mc Jessy
Monique Kabuye
Cindy Ogana
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Politics / Kenyan most famous individuals full list by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 08:26am
Emmanuel Juma
Alex Chamwada
Sheila Sendeyo
Dennis Okari
Remmy Majala
Esther Kahumbi
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Corine Onyango
Sheila Kwamboka
Mike Wachira
Kerry Martin
Rachel Muthoni
Talia Oyando
Calvin Wanguku
Conrad Gray
Rachael Kiragu
Patricia Kihoro
Renee Ngamau
Maqbul Mohammed
Amina Abdi
Suleiman Munyua
Chao Tolle
Taylor Kimani Murathe
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Joe Muchiri
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Politics / Kenyan most famous individuals full list by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 08:26am
Dan Mwangi
Laban Cliff Onserio
Sophia Wanuna
Jane Ngoiri
Watson Karuma
Jamila Mohamed
Julie Gichuru
Lilian Muli
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Terryanne Chebet
Mwanahamisi Hamadi
Swaleh Mdoe
Jacque Maribe
Willis Raburu
Karen Karimi Knaust
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Tom Mboya
Michelle Morgan
Alphonce Oladipoh
Purity Mwambia
Franklin Wambugu
Kamene Goro
Frankline Wambugu
Ramah Nyang
Trevor Ombija
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Harith Salim
Belinda Obura
Michael Okinyi
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Politics / Kenyan most famous individuals full list by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 08:26am
Hussein Mohammed
Ian Wafula
John Juma
John Allan Namu
Linda Oguttu
Joe Ageyo
Lofty Matambo
Lynne Wachira
Mary Kilobi
Mashirima Kapombe
Mercy Kandie
Michael Gitonga
Mohammed Ali
Najma Ismael
Nancy Kacungira
Saida Swaleh
Sharon Momanyi
Yvonne Okwara
Zubeidah Kananu
Larry Madowo
Victoria Rubadiri
Ken Mijungu
Wallace Kantai
Zeynab Wandati
Enock Sikolia
Peter Mwangangi
Nimrod Taabu
Smriti Vidyarthi
Kirigo Ngarua
Mark Masai
Politics / Kenyan most famous individuals full list by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 08:26am
Patrick Omutia
Belio Kipsang
Colletta Suda
Richard Ekai
Wilson Songa
Khadijah Kassachom
Monica Juma
Josephta Mukobe
Joseph Njoroge
Ali Noor Ismail
Joseph Tiampaty
Nduva Muli
John Mosonik
Kamau Thugge
Sicily Kariuki
Fred Segor
Japheth Micheni Ntiba
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Joseph Kinyua
Joy Doreen Biira
Aby Agina
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Ben Kitili
Betty Kyalo
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Dennis Onsarigo
Dorcas Wangira
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Politics / Kenyan most famous individuals full list by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 08:26am
Uhuru Kenyatta
William Ruto
Anne Waiguru
Amina Mohammed
Raychelle Omamo
Henry Rotich
James Macharia
Michael Kamau
Judi Wakhungu
Charity Ngilu
Fred Matiang'i
Hassan Wario
Kazungu Kambi
Davis Chirchir
Felix Kosgei
Adan Mohamed
Phyllis Kandie
Najib Balala
Jacob Kaimenyi
Githu Muigai
Francis Muthaura
Mutea Iringo
James Lopoyetum
Richard Lesiyampe
Mariamu El Maawy
John Konchellah
Ibrahim Mohamed
Mwanamaka Amani Mabruki
Peter Mangiti
Karanja Kibicho
Building/Architecture / DISCUSS: Best African Skyline discussion & announcement forum about skyscrapers by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 05:08pm
Capital of Kenya
DescriptionNairobi is Kenya’s capital city. In addition to its urban core, the city has Nairobi National Park, a large game reserve known for breeding endangered black rhinos and home to giraffes, zebras and lions. Next to it is a well-regarded elephant orphanage operated by the David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust. Nairobi is also often used as a jumping-off point for safari trips elsewhere in Kenya.
Weather: 22°C, Wind NE at 11 km/h, 49% Humidity
Local time: Sunday 5:25 PM
Population: 3.134 million (2009)
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Building/Architecture / DISCUSS: Best African Skyline discussion & announcement forum about skyscrapers by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 05:08pm
Capital of Botswana
DescriptionGaborone is the capital city of Botswana. It’s known for the Gaborone Game Reserve, sheltering native animals like wildebeest and impala, plus resident and migratory birds. To the city’s southwest, rhinos and giraffes inhabit the Mokolodi Nature Reserve. Footpaths lead to city views at the summit of Kgale Hill. In the city center, the National Museum and Art Gallery displays art and cultural artifacts.
Elevation: 1,014 m
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Building/Architecture / DISCUSS: Best African Skyline discussion & announcement forum about skyscrapers by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 05:08pm
City in Algeria
DescriptionOran is a port city in northwest Algeria, known as the birthplace of rai folk music. Fort Santa Cruz, an Ottoman citadel rebuilt by the Spanish, sits atop Mount Murdjadjo and has views of the bay below. Nearby is the whitewashed Chapelle Santa Cruz, built after a cholera epidemic. In La Blanca, the Turkish old town, is the 18th-century Pacha Mosque with an octagonal minaret. Nearby, Kasr El Bey is an Ottoman palace.
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Building/Architecture / DISCUSS: Best African Skyline discussion & announcement forum about skyscrapers by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 05:08pm
Capital of Namibia
DescriptionWindhoek is the capital of Namibia, in the country’s central highlands. South of the city, the sprawling Heroes’ Acre war memorial commemorates Namibia’s 1990 independence. On a hilltop in the city center are the 1890s Alte Feste, a former military headquarters with historical exhibits, and Independence Memorial Museum. Colonial influences are visible in nearby buildings like the sandstone Lutheran Christus Church.
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Building/Architecture / DISCUSS: Best African Skyline discussion & announcement forum about skyscrapers by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 05:08pm
City in Nigeria
DescriptionLagos, Nigeria’s largest city, sprawls inland from the Gulf of Guinea across Lagos Lagoon. Victoria Island, the financial center of the metropolis, is known for its beach resorts, boutiques and nightlife. To the north, Lagos Island is home to the National Museum Lagos, displaying cultural artifacts and craftworks. Nearby is Freedom Park, once a colonial-era prison and now a major venue for concerts and public events.
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Building/Architecture / DISCUSS: Best African Skyline discussion & announcement forum about skyscrapers by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 05:08pm
Capital of Angola
DescriptionLuanda, the capital of Angola, is a port city on the west coast of Southern Africa. A seafront promenade known as the Marginal runs alongside Luanda Bay. Nearby is the well-preserved 16th-century Fortress of São Miguel, which now contains the Museum of the Armed Forces. The fort has views of the harbor and the Ilha do Cabo, a long, thin peninsula in the bay that’s home to beaches, bars and restaurants.
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Building/Architecture / DISCUSS: Best African Skyline discussion & announcement forum about skyscrapers by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 05:08pm
Town in South Africa
DescriptionUmhlanga is an affluent residential, commercial and resort town north of Durban on the coast of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. It is part of the eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality, created in 2000, which includes the greater Durban area.
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Webmasters / Web Hosting Companies In KENYA (contact Details) by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 11:31am
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Webmasters / Web Hosting Companies In KENYA (contact Details) by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 11:31am

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Webmasters / Web Hosting Companies In KENYA (contact Details) by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 11:31am

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Webmasters / Web Hosting Companies In KENYA (contact Details) by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 11:31am
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Webmasters / Web Hosting Companies In KENYA (contact Details) by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 11:31am
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Webmasters / Web Hosting Companies In KENYA (contact Details) by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 11:31am

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Webmasters / Web Hosting Companies In KENYA (contact Details) by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 11:31am
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Webmasters / Web Hosting Companies In KENYA (contact Details) by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 11:31am
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Webmasters / Web Hosting Companies In KENYA (contact Details) by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 11:31am
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Webmasters / Web Hosting Companies In KENYA (contact Details) by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 11:31am
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Webmasters / Web Hosting Companies In KENYA (contact Details) by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 11:31am
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Huduma Centre / Postal Codes: List of All Postal Codes in Kenya by Saocv(m): Sat Aug 2019 01:52pm
Riosiri postal address ………………………………………. 40220

Riruta postal address ………………………………………. 00512

Rodi Kopany postal address ……………………………… 40326

Ronald Ngala Street postal address …………………….. 00300

Ronda postal address ………………………………………. 20127

Rongai postal address …………………………………….. 20108

Rongo postal address ……………………………………… 40404

Roret postal address ………………………………………. 20204

Ruaraka postal address …………………………………… 00618

Ruiru postal address ………………………………………. 00232

Rumuruti postal address ………………………………….. 20321

Runyenjes postal address ………………………………… 60103

Ruri postal address ………………………………………… 20313

Ruringu postal address ……………………………………. 10133

Rusinga postal address …………………………………….40327

Ruthangati postal address ………………………………….. 10134

Sabatia postal address ……………………………………. 20143

Saboti postal address ……………………………………… 30211

Sagalla postal address …………………………………….. 80308

Sagana postal address ……………………………………… 10230

Samburu postal address ……………………………………. 80120

Samitsi postal address ……………………………………….. 50128

Sare postal address ………………………………………….. 40405

Sarit Centre postal address …………………………………. 00606

Sasumua Road postal address …………………………….. 00513

Sawagongo postal address ………………………………… 40612

Sega postal address ………………………………………… 40614

Serem postal address ………………………………………. 50308

Seretunin postal address …………………………………… 30407

Shabaab postal address …………………………………….. 20150

Shianda postal address ……………………………………… 50106

Shiatsala postal address …………………………………….. 50129

Shibuli postal address ………………………………………… 50130

Shimanyiro postal address ………………………………….. 50131

Shimba Hills postal address …………………………………. 80407

Shinyalu postal address ……………………………………… 50107

Siakago postal address ……………………………………… 60104

Siaya postal address ………………………………………… 40600

Sidindi postal address ……………………………………….. 40605

Sifuyo postal address ………………………………………… 40643

Sigomre postal address ……………………………………… 40635

Sigor postal address ………………………………………….. 20405

Sigoti postal address ………………………………………….. 40135

Sigowet postal address ……………………………………….. 20212

Sikinwa postal address ……………………………………….. 30217

Silibwet postal address ……………………………………….. 20422

Simat postal address ………………………………………….. 30127

Sindo postal address ………………………………………….. 40308

Singore postal address ……………………………………….. 30703

Sio Port postal address ……………………………………….. 50401

Sipili postal address …………………………………………… 20326

Sirembe postal address ………………………………………. 40636

Sirende postal address ……………………………………….. 30213

Sirisia postal address ………………………………………….. 50208

Sirongo postal address ………………………………………… 40642

Solai postal address ……………………………………………. 20128

Sololo postal address ………………………………………….. 60701

Sondu postal address …………………………………………… 40109

Songhor postal address ………………………………………… 40110

Sorget postal address ………………………………………….. 20223

Sosiot postal address …………………………………………… 20205

Sotik postal address ……………………………………………. 20406

South Horr postal address ……………………………………. 20604

South Kinangop postal address ……………………………… 20155

South Kinangop postal address ……………………………… 20319

Soy postal address …………………………………………….. 30105

Suba Kuria postal address ……………………………………. 40418

Subukia postal address ………………………………………… 20109

Suguta Mar Mar postal address ………………………………. 20602

Sulmac postal address …………………………………………. 20151

Sultan Hamud postal address ………………………………… 90132

Suna postal address …………………………………………… 40400

Suwerwa postal address ………………………………………. 30212

Tabani postal address ………………………………………….. 30220

Tabani postal address ………………………………………….. 50238

Tala postal address …………………………………………….. 90131

Tambach postal address ……………………………………….. 30704

Tarasaa postal address ………………………………………… 80203

Tausa postal address …………………………………………… 80309

Taveta postal address ………………………………………….. 80302

Tawa postal address ……………………………………………. 90133

Tenges postal address ………………………………………….. 30405

Thaara postal address …………………………………………… 10110

Thangathi postal address ……………………………………….. 10135

Thare postal address …………………………………………….. 01026

Thigio postal address …………………………………………….. 00210

Thika postal address ……………………………………………… 01000

Tigiji postal address ………………………………………………. 60210

Timau postal address …………………………………………….. 10406

Timber Mill Road postal address ……………………………….. 20110

Timboroa postal address ………………………………………… 30108

Tiriki postal address ……………………………………………… 50309

Tom Mboya postal address ……………………………………… 00400

Tombe postal address …………………………………………… 40513

Tongaren postal address ……………………………………….. 30218

Torongo postal address …………………………………………. 20153

Tot postal address ……………………………………………….. 30707

Tseikuru postal address …………………………………………. 90409

Tulia postal address ………………………………………………. 90203

Tumu Tumu postal address ……………………………………… 10136

Tunyai postal address ……………………………………………. 60213

Turbo postal address …………………………………………….. 30106

Turi postal address ………………………………………………… 20129

Uaso Nyiro postal address ……………………………………….. 10137

Ugunja postal address ……………………………………………. 40606

Uhuru Gardens postal address ………………………………….. 00517

Ukunda postal address …………………………………………… 80400

Ukwala postal address …………………………………………… 40607

Uplands postal address ………………………………………….. 00222

Uranga postal address ………………………………………….. 40608

Uriri postal address ……………………………………………….. 40228

Usenge postal address ……………………………………………. 40609

Usigu postal address ……………………………………………… 40637

Uthiru postal address …………………………………………….. 00605

Valley Arcade postal address …………………………………… 00514

Vihiga postal address …………………………………………… 50310

Village Market postal address …………………………………. 00621

Vipingo postal address …………………………………………. 80119

Vitengeni postal address ………………………………………. 80211

Viwandani postal address …………………………………….. 00507

Voi postal address ……………………………………………. 80300

Voo postal address ……………………………………………. 90212

Wagusu postal address ……………………………………… 40638

Waithaka postal address ……………………………………. 00613

Wajir postal address ………………………………………… 70200

Wamagana postal address …………………………………. 10138

Wamba postal address …………………………………….. 20603

Wamunyu postal address …………………………………. 90103

Wamwangi postal address ……………………………….. 01010

Wangige postal address ………………………………….. 00614

Wanguru postal address …………………………………. 10303

Wanjengi postal address ………………………………… 10225

Wanjohi postal address ………………………………….. 20305

Watalii Road postal address ……………………………. 80204

Watamu postal address …………………………………. 80202

Webuye postal address …………………………………. 50205

Weiwei postal address ………………………………….. 30603

Werugha postal address ……………………………….. 80303

Westlands postal address ……………………………… 00800

Winam postal address …………………………………. 40141

Witu postal address ……………………………………. 80504

Wiyumiririe postal address …………………………… 20329

Wodanga postal address ……………………………… 50311

Wundanyi postal address …………………………….. 8 0304

Yala postal address ……………………………………. 4 0610

Yaya Towers postal address …………………………. 0 0508

Yoani postal address …………………………………… 9 0134

Ziwa postal address ……………………………………. 3 0214

Zombe postal address ………………………………… 90213
Travel / Re: Nairobi Photos (kenya): A Beautiful East African City by Saocv(m): Wed May 2019 05:46pm
Great points all around, but also some inaccuracies

Since this is a discussion on skyscrapers, Ill only reply to this portion to avoid derailing the thread further.

1. Nigeria has 9 buildings over 100m, .6 in Lagos, 2 in Abuja and 1 in Ibadan'
2.Kenya has 14 buildings over 100m. All 14 in Nairobi.

Basically, your point about Lagos not being the only major city in Nigeria has nothing to do with the total number of buildings above 100m.

Also in Nairobi, the 100m+ buildings are spread out in 3 business districts not 2
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Religion / The 66 Books Of The Bible Is The Conplete Inerant Word Of God To Mankind. by Kenyans247(m): Wed Aug 2019 12:34pm
Why Did It Take So Long?

The New Testament was not all neatly printed and bound by the Macedonian Pub. Co. at Thessalonica shortly after Paul’s death and sent out by the pallet load into all the bookstores and kiosks of the Roman Empire. Here are six reasons why it took time for the books of the New Testament to be gathered together.

1. The originals were scattered across the whole empire. The Roman Empire reached from Britain to Persia, and it would have taken time for any church even to learn about all the letters Paul had written, let alone gather copies of them.

2. No scroll could easily contain more than one or two books. It would be impossible to fit more than one Gospel onto a scroll, and even when codices (books) were used, the entire New Testament would be extremely bulky and very expensive to produce. It was therefore far more convenient for New Testament books to be copied singly or in small groups.

3. The first-century Christians expected the immediate return of Christ. Because of this, they didn’t plan for the long-term future of the Church.
4. No one church or leader bossed all the others. There were strong and respected leaders among the churches, but Christianity had no supreme bishop who dictated to all the others which books belonged to the canon and which did not.
5. The early leaders assumed the authority of the Gospels and the apostles. It was considered sufficient to quote the Gospels and apostles, since their authority was self-evident. They did not need a list—inconvenient for us, but not significant for them.
6. Only when the heretics attacked the truth was the importance of a canon appreciated. It was not until the mid-second century that the Gnostics and others began writing their own pseudepigrapha (false writing); this prompted orthodox leaders to become alert to the need for stating which books had been recognized across the churches.
In the light of all this, the marvel is not how long it took before the majority of the churches acknowledged a completed canon of the New Testament, but how soon after their writing each book was accepted as authoritative.
Facts about the New Testament Canon
There were only ever the four Gospels used by the churches for the life and ministry of Jesus. Other pseudo-gospels were written but these were immediately rejected by the churches across the empire as spurious.
The Acts of the Apostles and 13 letters of Paul were all accepted without question or hesitation from the earliest records.
Apart from James, Jude, 2 and 3 John, 2 Peter, Hebrews, and Revelation, all other New Testament books had been universally accepted by A.D. 180. Only a few churches hesitated over these seven.
Well before the close of the first century, Clement of Rome quoted from or referred to more than half the New Testament and claimed that Paul wrote “in the Spirit” and that his letters were “Scriptures.”
Polycarp, who was martyred in A.D. 155, quoted from 16 NT books and referred to them as “Sacred Scriptures.”
Irenaeus of Lyons, one of the most able defenders of the faith, around A.D. 180 quoted over 1,000 passages from all but four or five New Testament books, and called them “the Scriptures” given by the Holy Spirit.
Tertullian of Carthage, around A.D. 200, was the first serious expositor and used almost all the NT books. They were equated with the Old Testament, and he referred to “the majesty of our Scriptures.” He clearly possessed a canon almost, if not wholly, identical to ours.
By A.D. 240, Origen of Alexandria was using all our 27 books, and only those, as Scripture alongside the Old Testament books.
And these are just examples of many of the church leaders at this time.
What Made a Book “Scripture”?
At first, the churches had no need to define what made a book special and equal to the Old Testament Scriptures. If the letter came from Paul or Peter, that was sufficient. However, it was not long before others began writing additional letters and gospels either to fill the gaps or to propagate their own ideas. Some tests became necessary, and during the first 200 years, five tests were used at various times.
1. Apostolic—does it come from an apostle?
The first Christians asked, “Was it written by an apostle or under the direction of an apostle?” They expected this just as the Jews had expected theirs to be underwritten by the prophets. Paul was insistent that his readers should be reassured that the letters they received actually came from his pen (e.g., 2 Thessalonians 3:17 ).
2. Authentic—does it have the ring of truth?
The authoritative voice of the prophets, “This is what the Lord says,” is matched by the apostles’ claim to write not the words of men but the words of God ( 1 Thessalonians 2:13 ). It was the internal witness of the texts themselves that was strong evidence of canonicity.
3. Ancient—has it been used from the earliest times?
Most of the false writings were rejected simply because they were too new to be apostolic. Early in the fourth century, Athanasius listed the New Testament canon as we know it today and claimed that these were the books “received by us through tradition as belonging to the Canon.”

4. Accepted—are most of the churches using it?
Since, as we have seen, it took time for letters to circulate among the churches, it is all the more significant that 23 of the 27 books were almost universally accepted well before the middle of the second century.

When tradition carries the weight of the overwhelming majority of churches throughout the widely scattered Christian communities across the vast Roman Empire, with no one church controlling the beliefs of all the others, it has to be taken seriously.

5. Accurate—does it conform to the orthodox teaching of the churches?
There was widespread agreement among the churches across the empire as to the content of the Christian message. Irenaeus asked the question whether a particular writing was consistent with what the churches taught. This is what ruled out so much of the heretical material immediately.


Our final appeal is not to man, not even to the early church leaders, but to God, who by His Holy Spirit has put His seal upon the New Testament. By their spiritual content and by the claim of their human writers, the 27 books of our New Testament form part of the “God breathed” Scripture. It is perfectly correct to allow this divine intervention to guard the process by which eventually all the canonical books—and no others—were accepted. The idea of the final canon being an accident, and that any number of books could have ended up in the Bible, ignores the evident unity and provable accuracy of the whole collection of 27 books.
Bruce Metzger expressed it well: “There are, in fact, no historical data that prevent one from acquiescing in the conviction held by the Church Universal that, despite the very human factors . . . in the production, preservation, and collection of the books of the New Testament, the whole process can also be rightly characterized as the result of divine overruling.”
A belief in the authority and inerrancy of Scripture is bound to a belief in the divine preservation of the canon. The God who “breathed out” (2 Timothy 3:16) His word into the minds of the writers ensured that those books, and no others, formed part of the completed canon of the Bible.
Politics / Looking at the daily nation front page it's Musalia presidency 2022 by Kenyans247(m): Mon Aug 2019 09:40pm
Many luhyas ,one baba,one kale one kikuyu will luhyas get?every lunya is in the ballot box next no tesos je wako wapi?we r all in Western why leaving teso community behide.
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Africa / Pillars of EAC Regional Integration by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 12:24pm
East African Community
EAC Close
Afrika Mashariki Road
P.O. Box 1096
United Republic of Tanzania

Tel: +255 (0)27 216 2100
Fax: +255 (0)27 216 2190
Africa / Pillars of EAC Regional Integration by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 12:24pm
EAC Institutions
Posted in About EAC

The Community has a number of semi-autonomous institutions that help it implement its mandate. These EAC institutions include:

the Civil Aviation Safety and Security Oversight Agency (CASSOA);
the East African Competition Authority (EACA);
the East African Development Bank (EADB);
the East African Health Research Commission (EAHRC);
the East African Kiswahili Commission (EAKC);
the East African Science and Technology Commission (EASTECO);
the Inter-University Council for East Africa (IUCEA);
the Lake Victoria Basin Commission (LVBC); and
the Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization (LVFO).
The Civil Aviation Safety and Security Oversight Agency works in the civil aviation sector towards air transport services that are safe, efficient and profitable as well as adoption of common policies and harmonisation of civil aviation rules and regulations.

For more information, please visit the CASSOA website.

The East African Community Competition Authority (EACA), which is an institution of EAC is mandated to promote and protect fair trade and to ensure consumer welfare in the community pursuant to EAC Competition Act, 2006.

Specifically, the Act is aimed at enhancing the welfare of the people of the Community by:

Protecting all market participants freedom to compete by prohibiting anticompetitive practices
Protecting the opening of partner states markets against creation of barriers to interstate trade and economic transactions by market participants
Guaranteeing equal opportunities for market participants in the Community - SMEs
Guaranteeing a level playing field –eliminating any discrimination by partner states on the basis of nationality or residence
Providing consumers access o products and services at competitive prices and better quality
Providing incentives to producers – improvement of production and products through technical and organizational innovation
Promoting economic integration and development in the community by creating a conducive environment for investment in the community and bringing the EAC competition policy and law in line with international best practice.
The East African Development Bank offers structured financial products and services to organisations in the health, education, hospitality and tourism, infrastructure development, energy and utilities, and agriculture sectors.

For more information, please visit the EADB website.

The East African Health Research Commission coordinates and maps out a regional agenda on health research as well as the translation of its results into policy and practice within the Partner States. EAHRC webpage..

The East African Kiswahili Commission coordinates and provides advice to the Partner States on all matters related to Kiswahili research, teaching, learning and development as the lingua franca of the Partner States. EAKC Website

The East African Science and Technology Commission governs the Partner States co-operation in the development and implementation of Science and Technology. EASTECO Website

The Inter-University Council for East Africa coordinates harmonisation of higher education and training systems in East Africa, facilitates their strategic development and promotes internationally comparable standards and systems.

For more information, please visit the IUCEA website.

The Lake Victoria Basin Commission focusses on coordinating the various interventions on the Lake and its Basin.

For more information, please visit the LVBC website.

The Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization promotes sustainable utilisation of fisheries of the Lake.

For more information, please visit the LVFO website.

Africa / Pillars of EAC Regional Integration by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 12:24pm
The Secretariat
Posted in About EAC

The Secretariat is the executive Organ of the Community. It ensures that the regulations and directives adopted by the Council of Ministers are properly implemented, and provides the Council of Ministers with strategic recommendations.

eac headquarters

The headquarters of the EAC Secretariat is located in Arusha, Tanzania.

Our Leadership
At the head of the EAC Secretariat is the Secretary General.

The Secretary-General is the principal executive and accounting officer of the Community as well as the Secretary of the Summit; he/she is appointed by the Summit for a fixed five-year, non-renewable term.

The four Deputy Secretaries-General deputise and support the Secretary-General in the management and executive direction of the EAC Secretariat. They are appointed by the Summit on recommendations of the Council and on a rotational basis. Each Deputy Secretary-General can serve a maximum of two three-year terms.

The Counsel to the Community is the principal legal adviser to the Community.

How we work
The EAC Secretariat is organised along 6 key offices, each having distinct spheres of responsibility. These key offices coordinate seamlessly as they carry out the day-to-day work of the Community.

Executive Office of the Secretary-General

Office of the Secretary-General
Counsel to the Community
Corporate Communications and Public Affairs
Regional Co-operation in Defense
Internal Audit
Resource Mobilisation
Customs and Trade

Customs Directorate
Trade Directorate
Planning and Infrastructure

Infrastructure Directorate
Planning and Investment Directorate
Productive and Social Sectors

Productive Sectors Directorate
Social Sectors Directorate
Co-operation in Political Matters

Political Affairs Department
International Relations Department
Peace and Security Department
Finance and Administration

Finance Directorate
Human Resources and Administration Directorate

Africa / Pillars of EAC Regional Integration by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 12:24pm
EAC Organs
Posted in About EAC

The main Organs of the EAC are the Summit, the Council of Ministers, the Co-ordinating Committee, the Sectoral Committees, the East African Court of Justice, the East African Legislative Assembly and the Secretariat.

The Summit
The Summit comprising of Heads of Government of Partner States gives strategic direction towards the realisation of the goal and objectives of the Community.

The Council of Ministers
The Council of Ministers (or simply, the Council) is the central decision-making and governing Organ of the EAC. Its membership constitutes Ministers or Cabinet Secretaries from the Partner States whose dockets are responsible for regional co-operation.

Every year, the Council meets twice, one meeting of which is held immediately preceding a meeting of the Summit. The Council meetings assist in maintaining a link between the political decisions taken at the Summits and the day-to-day functioning of the Community. Regulations, directives and decisions taken or given by the Council are binding to the Partner States and to all other Organs and Institutions of the Community other than the Summit, the Court and the Assembly.

The Council, each year, elects a Chairperson by rotation to serve a one-year term to the office of Chairperson of the Council of Ministers.

The Coordinating Committee
Under the Council, the Coordinating Committee has the primary responsibility for regional co-operation and co-ordinates the activities of the Sectoral Committees. It also recommends to the Council about the establishment, composition and functions of such Sectoral Committees. It draws its membership from Permanent / Principal Secretaries responsible for regional co-operation from the Partner States.

Subject to any directions given by the Council, the Coordinating Committee meets twice a year preceding the meetings of the Council. Moreover, it may hold extraordinary meetings at the request of the Chairperson of the Coordinating Committee.

Sectoral Committees
Sectoral Committees conceptualise programmes and monitor their implementation. The Council establishes such Sectoral Committees on recommendation of the Coordinating Committee.

The Sectoral Committees meet as often as necessary for the proper discharge of their functions.

The East African Court of Justice
The East African Court of Justice (or simply, the Court) is the principal judicial Organ of the Community and ensures adherence to the law in the interpretation and application of compliance with the EAC Treaty. It was established under Article 9 of the Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community.

Arusha, Tanzania is the temporary seat of the Court until the Summit determines its permanent seat. The Court established its Sub-registries in the Partner States, which are located in the premises of the National Courts.

The Court is currently composed of ten judges, appointed by the Summit from among sitting judges of any Partner State court of judicature or from jurists of recognised competence, and the Registrar who is appointed by the Council of Ministers.

The Court has two divisions: an Appellate division and a First Instance division.

For more information, please visit the EACJ website.

The East African Legislative Assembly
The East African Legislative Assembly (EALA) is the Legislative Organ of the Community and has a cardinal function to further EAC objectives, through its Legislative, Representative and Oversight mandate. It was established under Article 9 of the Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community.

The Assembly has a membership comprising of 54 elected Members (nine from each Partner State), and 7 ex-officio Members consisting of the Minister or Cabinet Secretary responsible for EAC Affairs from each Partner State, the Secretary-General and the Counsel to the Community totalling 62 Members.

The Assembly draws the authority to establish its Standing Committees from its Rules of Procedure. It currently has 6 Standing Committees to execute its mandate:

the Accounts Committee;
the Committee on Legal, Rules, and Privileges;
the Committee on Agriculture, Tourism and Natural Resources;
the Committee on Regional Affairs and Conflict Resolution;
the Committee on Communication, Trade and Investment, and
the Committee on General Purpose.
The EALA Commission which oversees the management of the Assembly is established following the enactment of the Administration of the EALA Act 2012.

For more information, please visit the EALA website.

The Secretariat
The Secretariat is the executive Organ of the Community. As the guardian of the Treaty, it ensures that regulations and directives adopted by the Council are properly implemented.

In service of the Community, the Secretariat comprises the Secretary-General, 4 Deputy Secretaries-General, the Counsel to the Community and hundreds of EAC staff members who carry out the day-to-day work of the EAC as mandated by the Council.

The Secretary-General is the principal executive and accounting officer of the Community, the head of the Secretariat and the Secretary of the Summit; he/she is appointed by the Summit for a fixed five-year, non-renewable term.

The Deputy Secretaries-General are appointed by the Summit on recommendations of the Council and on a rotational basis. They deputise the Secretary-General and each serves a three-year term, renewable once.

The Counsel to the Community is the principal legal adviser to the Community.
Africa / Pillars of EAC Regional Integration by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 12:24pm
The East African Community (EAC) is a regional intergovernmental organisation of 6 Partner States: the Republics of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, the United Republic of Tanzania, and the Republic of Uganda, with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania.

The EAC is home to 172 million citizens, of which over 22% is urban population. With a land area of 2.5 million square kilometres and a combined Gross Domestic Product of US$ 172 billion (EAC Statistics for 2017), its realisation bears great strategic and geopolitical significance and prospects for the renewed and reinvigorated EAC.

The work of the EAC is guided by its Treaty which established the Community. It was signed on 30 November 1999 and entered into force on 7 July 2000 following its ratification by the original three Partner States - Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The Republic of Rwanda and the Republic of Burundi acceded to the EAC Treaty on 18 June 2007 and became full Members of the Community with effect from 1 July 2007. The Republic of South Sudan acceeded to the Treaty on 15 April 2016 and become a full Member on 15 August 2016.

As one of the fastest growing regional economic blocs in the world, the EAC is widening and deepening co-operation among the Partner States in various key spheres for their mutual benefit. These spheres include political, economic and social.

At the moment, the regional integration process is in full swing as reflected by the encouraging progress of the East African Customs Union, the establishment of the Common Market in 2010 and the implementation of the East African Monetary Union Protocol.

Current status
The process towards an East African Federation is being fast tracked, underscoring the serious determination of the East African leadership and citizens to construct a powerful and sustainable East African economic and political bloc.

Africa / Pillars of EAC Regional Integration by Kenyans247(m): Sun Aug 2019 12:24pm
EAC Partner States
Posted in About EAC

The EAC comprises 6 Partner States:

South Sudan
United Republic of Tanzania, and
All Partner States prescribe to the principles and values outlined in the Treaty for Establishment of the East African Community.

Leaders of the Partner States - typically Heads of State or Government - give general directions and impetus to the development and achievement of Community objectives through an apex EAC Organ known as The Summit.

Every year, a Summit is a meeting of Heads of State or Government of EAC Partner States that is held to set key priorities at the highest, regional political level and discuss business submitted to it by the Council of Ministers.

Admission to the Community is guided by criteria spelt out in Article 3 of the EAC Treaty.
Politics / Bunge La Mwananchi OFFICIAL NOTICE by Kenyans247(m): Fri Aug 2019 12:36pm
Mc Olonde is not slave to anyone so he is free to meet anyone, next time akimeet President Uhuru kuna watu watampiga vita bado
comment image 1
Music/Radio / What Music Are You Listening To Right Now? by Marshall(m): Thu Aug 2019 11:14am
Kenny Chesney - There goes my life
Sports / Senegal Vs Algeria: AFCON Finals (0 - 1) Full Time by Kenyans247(m): Thu Aug 2019 12:01pm
Let's go there cheesy

The finals of the biggest AFCON

Algeria at the Africa Cup of Nations

Algeria have appeared in the finals of the Africa Cup of Nations on 18 occasions. The first participation was in 1968 in Ethiopia. Algeria won the cup once when it hosted the tournament in 1990. It finished second in 1980 in Nigeria and third in 1984 in Côte d'Ivoire and in 1988 in Morocco.
Sports / Senegal Vs Algeria: AFCON Finals (0 - 1) Full Time by Kenyans247(m): Thu Aug 2019 12:01pm
The semi final was evenly shared north vs west africa



Sports / Senegal Vs Algeria: AFCON Finals (0 - 1) Full Time by Kenyans247(m): Thu Aug 2019 12:01pm
Venue for the 2019 AFCON Finals:
The Cairo International Stadium

The Cairo International Stadium or "Stad El Qahira El Dawly" or Nasser Stadium, is an Olympic-standard, multi-use stadium with an all-seated capacity of 75,000.The architect of the stadium is the German Werner March, who had built from 1934 to 1936 the Olympic Stadium in Berlin. Before becoming an all seater stadium, it had the ability to hold over 100,000 spectators, reaching a record of 120,000. It is the foremost Olympic-standard facility befitting the role of Cairo, Egypt as the center of events in the region. It is also the 69th largest stadium in the world. Located in Nasr City; a suburb north east of Cairo, it was completed in 1960, and was inaugurated by President Gamal Abd El Nasser on 23 July that year, the eighth anniversary of the Egyptian Revolution of 1952. Zamalek SC currently use the Petro Sport Stadium for most of their home games and Al Ahly use Al Salam Stadium for most of their home games.

Cairo Stadium is a strong symbol of Egyptian football. Nearly all of the most important Egyptian matches are held there. It carries an extremely rich history which includes many memorable football moments that range from Hossam Hassan's famous header to secure Egypt's attendance in Italia 90 World Cup, numerous African Cup of Nations tournaments which included the latest 2006 trophy, and the famous derby matches between Ahly and Zamalek.
Sports / Senegal Vs Algeria: AFCON Finals (0 - 1) Full Time by Kenyans247(m): Thu Aug 2019 12:01pm
2015 AFCON was won by Ivory Coast not Egypt.
Sports / Senegal Vs Algeria: AFCON Finals (0 - 1) Full Time by Kenyans247(m): Thu Aug 2019 12:01pm
List of full winners of the African Nations Cup from 1957

1957 – Egypt (Sudan)
1959 – Egypt (Egypt)
1962 – Ethiopia (Ethiopia)
1963 – Ghana (Ghana)
1965 – Ghana (Tunisia)
1968 – Congo-Kinshasa (Ethiopia)
1970 – Sudan (Sudan)
1972 – Congo (Cameroon)
1974 – Zaire (Egypt)
1976 – Morocco (Ethiopia)
1978 – Ghana (Ghana)
1980 – Nigeria (Nigeria)
1982 – Ghana (Libya)
1984 – Cameroon (Ivory Coast)
1986 – Egypt (Egypt)
1988 – Cameroon (Morocco)
1990 – Algeria (Algeria)
1992 – Ivory Coast (Senegal)
1994 – Nigeria (Tunisia)
1996 – South Africa (South Africa)
1998 – Egypt (Burkina Faso)
2000 – Cameroon (Ghana and Nigeria)
2002 – Cameroon (Mali)
2004 – Tunisia (Tunisia)
2006 – Egypt (Egypt)
2008 – Egypt (Ghana)
2010 – Egypt (Angola)
2012 – Zambia (Equatorial Guinea and Gabon)
2013 – Nigeria (South Africa)
2015 - Ivory Coast (Equitoria Guinea)
2017 - Cameroon (Gabon)
2019 - loading....

Note: Congo-Kinshasa and Zaire now known as the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Sports / Senegal Vs Algeria: AFCON Finals (0 - 1) Full Time by Kenyans247(m): Thu Aug 2019 12:01pm
The AFCON Finals
The journey so far:

1957 there were only three participating nations: Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia. South Africa was originally scheduled to compete, but were disqualified due to the apartheid policies of the government then in power.[1] Since then, the tournament has grown greatly, making it necessary to hold a qualifying tournament. The number of participants in the final tournament reached 16 in 1998 (16 teams were to compete in 1996 but Nigeria withdrew, reducing the field to 15, and the same happened with Togo's withdrawal in 2010), and until 2017, the format had been unchanged, with the sixteen teams being drawn into four groups of four teams each, with the top two teams of each group advancing to a "knock-out" stage. On 20 July 2017, the Africa Cup of Nations was moved from January to June and expanded from 16 to 24 teams.

Egypt is the most successful nation in the cup's history, winning the tournament a record of seven times (including when Egypt was known as the United Arab Republic between 1958 and 1961). Three different trophies have been awarded during the tournament's history, with Ghana and Cameroon winning the first two versions to keep after each of them won a tournament three times. The current trophy was first awarded in 2002 and with Egypt winning it indefinitely after winning their unprecedented third consecutive title in 2010.

As of 2013, the tournament was switched to being held in odd-numbered years so as not to clash with the FIFA World Cup.
Building/Architecture / East Africa's Tallest Towers (Complete and Under Construction) by Kenyans247(m): Wed Jul 2019 02:10pm
Africas Tallest supertall 320 metres-Nairobi
Africas highest suspended restaurant + skybridge-Nairobi@ Cytonn ,150 metres
Africas highest viewing deck -Nairobi@Pinnacle ,275 metres high
Africas Tallest residential apartments-Nairobi@88Nairobi condo,218 metres high
Africas highest infinity swimming pool@88Nairobi condo,218 metres
Africas tallest hotel hilton Upper hill,the pinnacle 214 metres

Africas richest square mile-UPPER HILL NAIROBI.
Webmasters / How do I enable shopping on Instagram? by Kenyans247(m): Mon Jul 2019 07:52am
How to Add A Shop To Your Instagram Business Profile (Sell Products On Instagram)
Would you like to know how to setup and add a shopping feature to your Instagram account?
In this blog post, I will show you every essential step, along with some tips and tricks to get you started off strong. First, the basics:

Is Shopping for Instagram available in your country?
Last year Instagram rolled out Shopping on Instagram to a test pool of businesses in the USA, but now - at the time of writing - the feature has been made available to businesses in:

United Kingdom
What is Shopping on Instagram?
Shopping on Instagram allows people to browse and buy your products seamlessly through the app, or as Instagram puts it, "a visual shopfront to explore new products from businesses they follow."

Your products' prices and details are easily accessible, too. Shoppers can tap on a tagged post within the Instagram feed or through the Shop button on a business profile to take the next steps.

The Benefits for Businesses and Shoppers
For businesses, tagging a product is as simple as tagging a person in a post.
For shoppers, a shopping post's tags get rid of the guesswork and allow for easy access to a tagged product's information.
Brand success stories so far
TYME's traffic from Instagram has increased by 44% since implementing shopping on Instagram.
Since its launch, Lulus says Shopping on Instagram can be directly attributed to over 1,200 orders and over 100,000 sessions.
Spearmintlove xperienced a 25% increase in traffic and an 8% increase in revenue attributable to Shopping on Instagram.

How to Set Up Shopping on Instagram
To get your business approved and Shopping On Instagram-ready, there are two main things you need:

Register your Instagram account to a business profile, or convert an existing personal account to a business type (via Instagram Settings)
Connect your business profile to a Facebook catalog of products. This can be created and managed on Business Manager, through Shopify or BigCommerce platforms or directly through a Shop section on your business' Facebook Page.
In addition, the products you sell must be physical good and comply with Instagram's commerce policies. Basically, nothing illegal or prohibited. Here's the full lowdown on that here.

How to Connect A Facebook Catalog to An Instagram Business Profile
How you will link your Instagram account to your Facebook catalog will differ slightly depending on where you're selling. Here are the instructions for each of the three options:

Setup Instagram Shop Through Shopify And BigCommerce
If your store's products are hosted on Shopify or BigCommerce, you can can choose to set up a shop on Facebook directly through those platforms. Make sure the Facebook account connected to Shopify and BigCommerce is the same as the account connected to your Instagram business account, and you should be good to go.

Setup Instagram Shop Through the Shop Section on A Facebook Page
To setup a shop on your Facebook Page, click the Shop tab. If you don't see the Shop tab:

Go to your Page Settings
Click Edit Page in the left column
Scroll to the bottom and click Add a Tab
Click Add Tab next to the Shop tab, then click close.
With the shop in place, follow the steps necessary to setup your Facebook Page Shop section fully - payment options, products, etc.

Selling Through the Shop Section via Business Manager
Go to the Business Manager account that owns the Facebook Page linked to your Instagram business account. This won't work if your Business Manager only has access to the Facebook Page.
From your Business Manager account, create a new catalog (Settings > People and Assets > Product Catalogs > Add New Product Catalog > Create a New Product) or identify an existing catalog you'd like to use with shopping on Instagram. The Business Manager account must either own or have access to the catalog.
How long until my account is approved for Shopping on Instagram?
Once you fulfil the requirements for any of the above options, your account will be reviewed for access to Shopping on Instagram. Instagram says the review process should usually take a few days, but sometimes we may take longer.

How to Tag Products in Posts on Instagram
When your Instagram account is approved for creating a shopping experience on your profile, I'm sure you'll be keen to get the feature up and running! Here's how to enable product tagging on Instagram, and how to tag products.

To enable product tagging on Instagram:
Tap the profile icon to go to your profile
Tap the Get Started alert at the top of your profile
If you don't see the alert, tap the Settings cog icon
Tap Shopping
Tap Continue
Select a product catalog to connect to your business profile
Tap Done
Note: If you don't see the "Shopping" menu under Business Settings, your account is probably still under review or it hasn't been approved for Shopping on Instagram.

To tag products in your posts:
Select a photo and add a caption, effects and filters.
Tap Tag Products from the Share screen.
Tap the products in the photo you want to tag.
Enter the names of the products you want to tag, then select them as they appear in the search box.
Tap Done
Tap Share
To preview posts or save a draft of a post, click Preview Tagged Products or Save Draft on the page that allows you to add a caption to your post, under Tag People and Tag Products.

7 Tips for Making the Most of Your Instagram Shop
Create at least 9 shopping posts to activate the Shop tab - that will appear at the top of your profile - for your audience. Tapping it will allow customers to browse through all of the posts that contain product tags.
You can tag up to 5 products per single-image post or 20 products per multi-image post.
You can tag products in both new and existing posts from your Instagram business profile, so don't forget to return to older posts to capitalise on anyone who stumbles across them in future.
Tag multiple products to help your audience explore and browse
Use Stories to show your audience that they can now shop your posts
Make sure that each tag touches the correct product, so shoppers know which product the tag refers to.
Use Insights on your business profile to understand your audience, and use the catalog containing the most relevant currency and language for your audience.
Business / M-PESA Rates AS OF 2019 FULL GUIDE by Kenyans247(m): Thu Jul 2019 11:49pm
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Sports / Tunisia vs Nigeria Preview: Where to Watch, Live Stream, Kick Off Time & Team News by Kenshaz(m): Wed Jul 2019 01:14pm
Call it the final before the final and you won’t be far from right. The third-place fixture at the ongoing African Cup of Nations, AFCON, will be played today between the two eagles – the Super and the Carthage.

Losing semi-finalists, Nigeria Super Eagles and Tunisia’s Carthage Eagles will battle for the third and fourth spots in African football.

Both losers from their last games will be hoping to end their campaign on a high. More so because only the winners on the day get medals for their victory.

Both teams qualified as second best in their respective groups. Nigeria looked to be topping Group B before Madagascar pulled an upset by beating them 2 – 0 to top the group.

At the round-of-16 level, they kicked out defending champions Cameroon in a five-goal thriller before dispatching South Africa by two goals to one at the quarter-final stage.

Their semi-final clash with Algeria looked set for extra time until Riyad Mahrez broke Nigerian hearts with a last minute free kick.

For their part, Tunisia managed three draws in Group E but still finished second in Group E behind Mali. They beat Ghana in the round-of-16 stage and tactically kicked out Madagascar – the surprise package of the AFCON by three unanswered goals.

The semi-finals clash had traveled into extra time and looked set for penalties but an extra-time strike meant that that Senegalese side managed to avoid penalties which the Tunisians had used to eliminate Ghana in the round-of-16.

Like the final, this is a battle between the West and North of Africa. Tunisia have lost only a game, Nigeria have lost two – Madagascar, Algeria.

There are four AFCONs between them, three for Nigeria and a 2004 triumph for the Carthage Eagles. It sure will come down to which eagle soars highest on the night.

What Tunisian coach Giresse said ahead of the game
“Our target was more than just reaching the semi-final. But now we focus on the game against Nigeria and hope to win third place,” Giresse told the media during Tuesday’s pre-match conference.

“I believe this is going to be a psychologically tough encounter because we are not over that defeat from Senegal yet.

“I cannot say all our players are fit after playing two extra-times but we will do our best.

“This is football and we understand the whole team disappointment. But we have to forget that and focus on the Nigeria game.”

Tunisia have won only one of their three third-place games in Afcon history. That triumph was a 3-0 win over Uganda in 1962.
HistoryKe / A Brief History on Kenya by Kenshaz(m): Wed Jul 2019 07:23am
Basic Information
Kenya is an amazing country with a topography of extreme contrasts and a people with a modern culture born out of the influence of being at the hub of centuries old trading and migratory routes.

Kenya straddles the Equator, and is located on the eastern coast of Africa. Roughly one and half times the size of Japan, it covers a surface area of about 586,600 square kilometres. It is bordered by Somalia to the east, Ethiopia and Sudan to the north, Uganda to the west and Tanzania to the south. Kenya has a single time zone, GMT +3.

Kenya's highest mountain, Mount Kenya, is also the second highest mountain on the African continent with an altitude of 5,199m (17,058 feet) above sea level. Mount Kenya is believed to be the home of Ngai, the supreme god, of the Kikuyu and several other tribes. Despite its location astride the Equator Mount Kenya is perennially snow-capped.

Much of central Kenya, either side of the Rift Valley, is over 1,500 metres above sea level.

Other isolated hills and mountains include Mount Kulal, Mount Nyiru and Mount Marsabit in the north of the country, and the Taita and Chyulu Hills in the south. The latter is one of the region's most recent volcanic formations.

Kenya is bisected by the Great Rift Valley which stretches 6,000 kilometres from Mozambique in south-eastern Africa to Jordan, north of the Red Sea. The Rift Valley in Kenya contains seven lakes, some freshwater and some soda-based.

The Wilds
Kenya is famous, above all else, for its incredible game viewing opportunities. Most game can be seen in Kenya's savannah bushland. The most barren and remote areas are found mainly in the north and eastern parts of the country. Desert and semi-desert make up 20 per cent of the country’s total surface area.

Kenya has 16 major faunal reserves designated as National parks, National Reserves and Game Reserves administered through the Game Department of Kenya and by County Councils.

Kenya's largest National Park is Tsavo, which is in fact made up of two Parks-Tsavo East and Tsavo West. Their combined area is that of Wales!
The Masai Mara is possibly the world’s most famous Game Reserve. It is an extension of the equally renowned Serengeti plains in neighbouring Tanzania. The annual wildebeest migration, which takes place between July and November every year, involves nearly three million animals moving up from the dry, low-lying Tanzanian plains to the greener, wetter pastures of the Mara, nearly 2,000m above sea level.

Other Parks and Reserves in Kenya include Amboseli, Samburu, Shaba, Buffalo Springs, and Meru.

Indigenous forest only covers two per cent of the country; well below the optimum 10 per cent figure. Much of this forest is in the high-altitude central highlands, and on isolated mountains whose altitude is suitable for indigenous forest.

The Kakamega forest in Western Kenya is an isolated rainforest, once part of the Guineo-Congolan rainforest which stretches across Africa from west to east. It is a unique forest habitat in Kenya, and renowned in botanical circles worldwide as an example of how an isolated environment can survive being cut off from the main body.

Isolated remnants of coastal forests and woodland still exist, including mangrove forests in most coastal creeks, but particularly on the Lamu archipelago.

The Coast
Kenya has 480 kilometres of coastline on the Indian Ocean. Her coral reefs are spectacular, and are regarded by divers as one of the world’s top three diving destinations after Australia’s Great Barrier Reef and the Red Sea. There are numerous off-shore islands, including Kiwayu, Pate,Manda, Lamu, Mombasa, Chale, Funzi and Wasini. Much of the coastline consists of sandy beaches.

Kenya is a warm, dry country with seasonal rainfall. Rain falls mainly in two seasons: the first between March and May - the long rains - as a result of the south-easterly monsoon winds; the second in October/December. The Coast tends to be humid and hot.

The central highlands receive the most rainfall and tend to be cool, due to the high altitude. The Lake Victoria basin is wetter, owing to the moist westerly winds originating in the Atlantic and Congo Basin.

To the north and north-east, it is extremely dry and hot, with daytime temperatures exceeding 34 degrees. The Suguta Valley in northern Kenya is reputed to be one of the hottest places on earth.

Mount Kenya is glaciated, with a snow-cap all year round. Frost occurs in most areas in Kenya which are above 2,500m.

Kenya Weather.Net
Kenya's modern culture was born out of a myriad of sources and influences, both modern and traditional. Despite the many and varied influences that have shaped Kenyan society, the culture in Kenya has become truly and purely Kenyan. If there is any one thing about Kenya that gives any indication of this unique character today, it is the melding of traditional societies and culture with modern norms and values.

In Kenya it is possible to leave Nairobi - a city with a thriving central business district powered by the latest information technology - and drive in just a couple of hours to a place where life is lived in accordance with tradition and custom, where warriors armed with spears drive their cattle into thorn bush enclosures to protect them from lions at night. The modern and the traditional live side by side, and sometimes the boundaries between the two blur and merge.

The ease with which Kenyans adopt and adapt to new cultural influences has a long history. Kenyan culture is built on the acceptance and absorption of new and varied cultures, be they migrant nomads or sea-borne traders.

The result is a culture of endless influence and yet one that is completely Kenyan in character.

Kenya's music is varied. Nearly every tribe has its own musical culture. Drumming has been perfected by peoples like the Akamba from Eastern Kenya, and the coast Mijikenda. Traditional instruments - like the nyatiti lyre favoured by the Luo - are used too. The Luo have a distinctive musical style known as benga, which has become an integral part of popular Kenyan music, not just among the Luo.

The Maasai and the Samburu have perfected the art of unaccompanied singing. Their sagas of conquest and prowess are sung in a series of throaty grunts, with each man singing part of the tune.

There is a strong Congolese rumba influence in Kenyan popular music.

A talented crop of youth artists, inspired by modern hip-hop, R&B, rap and reggae, blend these styles using Kenyan melodies, lyrics and rhythms.

In 2002 Kenya was declared the winner for 'Best Film Location' in the 'Originality and Creativity' section of Annual Global Locations Expo in Los Angeles. Out of Africa, Born Free, To Walk With Lions, Mountains of the Moon, and the recent Oscar award-winning film Nowhere in Africa have all been shot on location in Kenya. In addition, Malooned has jointed the list.

Kenya's cuisine reflects the diversity of its varied cultural influences. However, eating out is not a national pastime, and only the Coast has developed a distinctive regional culinary style, thanks to its long association with Indian Ocean trade.

Traditional food tends to be simple and starchy - practical eating! Ugali (maize meal cake) is the main staple, along with potatoes or rice. It is usually accompanied by chicken, beef, goat or vegetable stew, spinach, beans or fish. A nyama choma (mutton, goat or beef, roasted over glowing charcoal) feast is a typical Kenyan experience.

Coast cuisine is a delight. Seafood (sea-perch, parrot-fish, red snapper, king fish, giant crayfish, jumbo prawns, crabs, oysters and sailfish) is cooked with lime, coconut, peppers, and a myriad of exotic spices. Fresh fruit - in particular mangoes, pineapples, pawpaws and citrus - grow well in the coastal climate.

Kenyan cuisine has a strong Indian influence, dating back to the 19th Century when Indian labour was used to construct the Mombasa-Kisumu railway and most international tastes are catered for.

In Kenya's major cities there are a plethora of international restaurants - Chinese, Italian, French, Japanese and Thai, to name just a few.

The official currency is the Kenya Shilling. Foreign currency is readily exchangeable in banks, bureaux de change or authorised hotels. Traveller's cheques are widely acceptable, as are credit cards in most established hotels, travel agencies, safari companies and restaurants.

Most banks in Kenya are equipped with ATMs and credit card facilities. Banking hours in Nairobi and other major towns open from 9 a.m. - 3 p.m. Monday to Friday and 9 a.m. - 11 a.m. on Saturday.

Business hours are generally 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. closing for an hour over lunch (1-2 p.m.) There are no restrictions on the amount of foreign currency which can be brought into Kenya.

Kenya enjoys a relatively free press. The most popular English language dailies are The Daily Nation, The Standard and The Star. The East African, produced on a weekly basis, is a review of the week’s main news in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. All three newspapers contain a reasonable coverage of international news and sport. There are several Swahili dailies, including Taifa Leo and Kenya Leo.

International newspapers and magazines are widely available in Kenya. The UK Daily Telegraph and the Daily Express as well as the American International Herald Tribune are the most popular international newspapers. Time Newsweek, National Geographic, The Economist, and The Spectator are also widely available.

There are a number of local special interest magazines produced in Kenya of ever-improving quality. Travel News & Lifestyle Kenya is one particularly popular magazine on sale locally for both residents and visitors to Kenya offering plenty of useful travel information and an insight into everyday life in Kenya.

National Flag/Anthem
The National Flag
National Flag
Three major and equal width stripes of black, red and green colours running from top to bottom and separated by narrow white stripes, with a symmetrical shield and white spears superimposed centrally.

The National Anthem


Ee Mungu nguvu yetu
Ilete baraka kwetu

Haki iwe ngao na mlinzi
Natukae na undugu

Amani na uhuru
Raha tupate na ustawi.

Amkeni ndugu zetu
Tufanye sote bidii

Nasi tujitoe kwa nguvu
Nchi yetu ya Kenya

Tuwe tayari kuilinda

Natujenge taifa letu
Ee, ndio wajibu wetu

Kenya istahili heshima
Tuungane mikono

Pamoja kazini
Kila siku tuwe na shukrani


O God of all creation
Bless this our land and nation

Justice be our shield and defender
May we dwell in unity

Peace and liberty
Plenty be found within our borders.

Let one and all arise
With hearts both strong and true

Service be our earnest endeavour
And our homeland of Kenya

Heritage of splendour
Firm may we stand to defend.

Let all with one accord
In common bond united

Build this our nation together
And the glory of Kenya

The fruit of our labour
Fill every heart with thanksgiving.


Jambo Jambo Bwana
Habari Gani?
Mzuri Sana
Kenya Yetu
Hakuna Matata

Kenya Nchi Nzuri
Hakuna Matata
Nchi Ya Kupendeza
Hakuna Matata
Nchi Ya Maajabu
Hakuna Matata
Nchi Yenye Amani
Hakuna Matata

Location and Maps
Celebrities / Modelling Agencies in Kenya – Modeling Agencies in Nairobi by Kenyans247(m): Tue Jul 2019 10:29am
Bicfest Models & Talent Academy Bic fest Models & Talent Academy A modelling and advertising agency based in Kenya dealing in the recruitment of models for TV Commercials,Print Media & Product Advertisements. Bic fest Models & Talent Academy Modelers ...
Surazuri Casting & Consultancy Ltd Surazuri Casting & Consultancy Ltd is located in Filmstudios, Jamhuri Park, Jamhuri Rd,Off Ngong Rd. For more information about Surazuri Casting & Consultancy Ltd see the contacts below; ...
Advertising Agencies in Kenya – Marketing Companies in Kenya A comprehensive guide of all advertising agencies in Kenya, their addresses (postal and physical), contacts (telephone and e-mail) and a link to the marketing companies in Kenya websites....
Bella Models Bella Models is located in Panari Hotel, 1st Flr, Mombasa Rd. For more information about Bella Models see the contacts below; ...
CES Models Modelling Agency CES Models Modelling Agency CES Models is an agency in Kenya with dedicated agents focused on casting and booking with top of the class talent management. CES Models Modelling Agency Contacts Instagram: Cesmodels Facebook: CES Models...
Msafi Modelling Agency Msafi Modelling Agency Msafi Models and talents LTD” is committed to building strong, trusted long-term relationships with our clients and models. A personalized model agency at the Coast and in Nairobi which has earned an enviable reputation for providing genuine and timely advice and consultation to its clients. They have...
Aftermath Modeling Agency Aftermath Modeling Agency Africa Math Modeling Agency aims to be an international entrepreneur firm, providing excellent high standards professional service and support to the new talents and one day to create a cartel of its own. The African Aftermath Media. It is Kenya’s one of the most leading Recording Label,Deejay...
Tausi Modeling Agency Tausi Modeling Agency Tausi Advertising Limited is built on the foundation of Quality, Service and Packaging to make certain that your advertising goals are met. Packages are tailored to suit the needs of the esteemed clients from all markets. Tausi Modeling Agency handle Model portfolios and act as a go...
Surazuri Modeling Agency Surazuri Modeling Agency Surazuri was founded in 1987 by Lyndsey McIntyre following her involvement in placing Khadija Adam into the Miss Kenya pageant which led to Khadija’s international discovery. Surazuri Modeling Agency Contacts Address.O.B 42257, 00100 , G.P.O. Nairobi Kenya Map photo Phone: +254 0722 705 145 Website:
Eactive Group Modeling Agency Eactive Group Modeling Agency Eactive Group Limited is a premier marketing, event organizing, entertainment management and tourism development organization that provide real time information to clients. Eactive offer marketing platform through roadshows,on line marketing, magazines and smartphone application. Eactive are currently operating in 5 countries in Africa; Kenya, Zanzibar, Ethiopia,...
Tianar Models Modeling Agency Tianar Models Modeling Agency Information Tianar Models Modeling Agency meaning: Transcending Ideas to Acquire & Nature Active Role Models – TIANAR. Tianar, believe in professionalism, and voluntary service, also discover talents and embark towards making it the best in its own kind. As well, conceptualizing ideas and blending them to...
City Models Africa Modeling Agency City Models Africa Modeling Agency City Models this agency has been in the fore front of the Atlantic Canadian Modeling industry since the Mid 1980’s . They are keenly aware of the vast resources available in the Atlantic Canadian Market and quickly developed a reputation for personal service combined with...
Imandy Modelling Agency Imandy Modelling Agency is located in Oginga Odinga St. For more information about Imandy Modelling Agency see the contacts below; ...
Integrated Modelling & Talent Management Integrated Modelling & Talent Management is located in Fort Granite Flats, Bishops Rd. For more information about Integrated Modelling & Talent Management see the contacts below; ...
Aquva Agencies Ltd -Nairobi Contacts: Physical address: Aquva Agencies Ltd -Nairobi Postal address: 12258-00400 Tom Mboya St Town: Nairobi Tel: Fax:...
K247 Intelligence / Private Investigators in Kenya Criminal Investigations by Kenyans247(m): Tue Jul 2019 07:06am
Lynx Eye Investigators & Security Services Ltd Lynx Eye Investigators & Security Services Ltd is located in Ngumba Estate Off Thika Super Hwy. For more information about Lynx Eye Investigators & Security Services Ltd see the contacts below:...
Lynx Eye Investigators and Security Services Ltd Lynx Eye Investigators and Security Services Ltd is located in Ngumba Estate Off Thika Super Hwy. For more information about Lynx Eye Investigators and Security Services Ltd see the contacts below:...
Sareto Security and Insurance Investigators (k) Ltd Sareto Security and Insurance Investigators (k) Ltd is located along Umoja Complex, 4th Flr, Hospital Rd. For more information about Sareto Security and Insurance Investigators (k) Ltd see the contacts below:...
Arcane Insurance Investigators Arcane Insurance Investigators is located along Arcane Insurance Investigators premises, 1st Parklands Ave. For more information about Arcane Insurance Investigators see the contacts below:...
Viraud Insurance Investigators Ltd Viraud Insurance Investigators Ltd is located in Uniway Hse, 2nd Flr, University Way. For more information about Viraud Insurance Investigators Ltd see the contacts below:...
Fact Finders Investigators & Assessors Fact Finders Investigators & Assessors is located in Agip Hse, Suite 403, Haile Selassie Ave. For more information about Fact Finders Investigators & Assessors see the contacts below:...
Pin Eye Insurance Investigators Pin Eye Insurance Investigators is located in GPO Bldg, 4th Flr, Digo Rd. For more information about Pin Eye Insurance Investigators see the contacts below:...
Third Eye Private Investigators Third Eye Private Investigators is located in NCM Hse, 4th Flr, Tom Mboya St. For more information about Third Eye Private Investigators see the contacts below:...
Speck Cover Private Investigators Speck Cover Private Investigators is located in Devan Plaza (Bldg 02), 7th Flr, Crossway. For more information about Speck Cover Private Investigators see the contacts below:...
Alexander James Private Investigators Ltd Alexander James Private Investigators Ltd is located in Portal Place Hse, 2nd Flr, Muindi Mbingu St, Nairobi Central. For more information about Alexander James Private Investigators Ltd see the contacts below:...
Chengo Security Services & Private Investigators Ltd Chengo Security Services & Private Investigators Ltd is located in Nyaku House, Argwings Kodhek Cl, Hurlingham. For more information about Chengo Security Services & Private Investigators Ltd see the contacts below:...
Tango Security Guards & Private Investigators Tango Security Guards & Private Investigators is located in Eldoret. For more information about Tango Security Guards & Private Investigators see the contacts below:...
The Kenya Private Schools Association (KPSA) The Kenya Private Schools Association (KPSA) was founded in 1994 by visionary owners in the then well-established private schools in Nairobi and other parts of the country. Currently the association is represented in 38 county branches across the country....
Kenya National Private Security Workers Kenya National Private Security Workers began with formation of “NIGHT WATCHMEN” under the leadership of the late Hon. Sammy Muhanji in 1960s. He was inspired by the suffering of Night Guards sufferings in the hands of Colonial businessmen in Nairobi....
Kenya Association of Private Employment Agencies (KAPEA) Kenya Association of Private Employment Agencies (KAPEA) is located in Uchumi Hse, 3rd Flr, Aga Khan Wlk Nairobi. For more information about Kenya Association of Private Employment Agencies (KAPEA) see the contacts below:...
Literature / Publishers in Kenya – Publishing Companies in Kenya by Kenyans247(m): Tue Jul 2019 07:32am
Camerapix Publishers International Ltd Camerapix Publishers International Ltd Camerapix Publishers can offer its clients a complete ‘package’ from concept to completion, offering comprehensive desktop publishing support. Our extensive skills encompass all aspects of publishing, printing and distribution. Camerapix Publishers International Ltd Contacts Address:ABC Place, 3rd floor, Waiyaki Way City/Town: Nairobi Telephone Number: 020-4448923 Email...
Cameras in Kenya – Camera Companies in Kenya A comprehensive list of all cameras in Kenya, their addresses (postal and physical), contacts (telephone and e-mail) and a link to the camera companies in Kenya websites....
Civil Engineering Companies in Kenya A comprehensive list of all civil engineering companies in Kenya, their addresses (postal and physical), contacts (telephone and e-mail) and a link to the civil engineering firms in Kenya websites....
SasaHivi Media Ltd Welcome to SasaHivi Media Ltd, one of the leading multimedia companies of Eastern Africa. SasaHivi Media Ltd has 3 integrated departments: Technology, Media and Publishing....
Digital Imaging Companies in Kenya A comprehensive list of all digital imaging companies in Kenya, their addresses (postal and physical), contacts (telephone and e-mail) and a link to the digital imaging companies in Kenya websites....
Credit Companies in Kenya A comprehensive list of all credit companies in Kenya, their addresses (postal and physical), contacts (telephone and e-mail) and a link to the credit companies in Kenya websites....
Kenya Publishers Association Kenya Publishers Association Kenya Publishers’ Association is the umbrella body for book publishers in Kenya. This Association encourages the widest possible spread of printed books throughout Kenya and beyond. Purpose To raise the profile of the publishing industry and promote the value of books for education, entertainment, personal development, and...
BPO Companies in Kenya – Business Process Outsourcing Companies in Kenya A comprehensive list of all Business Process Outsourcing Companies in Kenya, their addresses (postal and physical), contacts (telephone and e-mail) and a link to the BPO Companies in Kenya website....
Event Companies in Kenya – Event Planners, Organizers and Management Companies in Kenya Event Companies in Kenya: Event organizers in Kenya specialize in planning of elegant corporate functions, social events, weddings, grand opening and even private parties. Event management companies uphold unparalleled creative passion for excellence with a vulture's eye on both minor and major details....
Petroleum Companies in Kenya – Oil Companies in Kenya A comprehensive list of all oil companies in Kenya, their addresses (postal and physical), contacts (telephone and e-mail) and a link to the petroleum companies in Kenya websites....
Advertising Agencies in Kenya – Marketing Companies in Kenya A comprehensive guide of all advertising agencies in Kenya, their addresses (postal and physical), contacts (telephone and e-mail) and a link to the marketing companies in Kenya websites....
Outdoor Advertising Companies in Kenya Outdoor Advertising Companies in Kenya has the robust growth within the economy. This business also booms when there is competition among brands....
Air Conditioning Contractors and Companies in Kenya. A comprehensive list of all air conditioning companies in Kenya , their addresses (postal and physical), contacts (telephone and e-mail) and a link to the air conditioning contractors in Kenya websites....
In House Publishing Ltd In House Publishing Ltd is located in St. Georges Hse, 3rd Flr, Parliament Rd Nairobi. For more information about In House Publishing Ltd see the contacts below:...
LawAfrica Publishing Ltd LawAfrica Publishing Ltd is located in Top Plaza, 3rd Flr, Suite 5, Kindaruma Rd Nairobi. For more information about LawAfrica Publishing Ltd see the contacts below:...
Africa / Kenya Is Ahead of Nigeria In All Aspect (Facts Don't Lie) by Kenyans247(m): Mon Jul 2019 12:33pm
The Pinnacle (Nairobi)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For other uses, see Pinnacle (disambiguation).
The Pinnacle
Wikimedia | © OpenStreetMap
Alternative names Pinnacle Towers
Hotel chain Hilton
Record height
Tallest in Africa since 2020[I]
Preceded by Carlton Centre
General information
Status Under construction
Type Mixed Use Commercial
Location Upper Hill
Town or city Nairobi
Country Kenya
Coordinates 01°17′48″S 36°49′05″ECoordinates: 01°17′48″S 36°49′05″E
Elevation 1,710 metres (5,610 ft)
Groundbreaking 23 May 2017
Estimated completion 2021
Cost Sh20 billion (Est)
Architectural 1,050 feet (320 m)
Top floor 1,000 feet (300 m)
Observatory 916 feet (279 m)
Technical details
Floor count 70
Grounds 2.5 acres (1.0 ha)
Design and construction
Architecture firm Archgroup Consultants
Developer White Lotus Group / Jabavu Village
Engineer Meinhardt
Quantity surveyor BECS Consultancy
Main contractor China State Construction Engineering Corporation
Other information
Number of rooms 257
The Pinnacle, also Pinnacle Towers, is a building under construction in Nairobi, the capital and largest city of Kenya. When completed, the skyscraper is expected to become the tallest building in Africa, and the third tallest building in the Southern Hemisphere, at 70 stories and over 1,000 feet (300 m) in height.[1]

1 Location
2 Overview
3 Ownership
4 Construction and funding
5 See also
6 References
The skyscraper is located in Upper Hill, on a 2.5 acres (10,000 m2) piece of property, approximately 4 kilometres (2 mi), south-west of the city centre of Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya.[2]

The development consists of two adjacent towers. The shorter tower, at 46 floors will house the 257-room, five-star Upper Hill Hilton Hotel, the third Hilton franchise in Nairobi and the 50th on the African continent.[3] The taller tower, with 70 floors, will feature eleven floors of commercial office space, nine floors of upscale rental retail space, and 46 floors with 210 upscale 1, 2 and 3-bedroom, serviced residential apartments. Other amenities include conference facilities, a gymnasium, luxury spa and an infinity pool. The taller tower will have a roof-top helipad, to allow chopper directly from/to Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, 16 kilometres (10 mi) away.[4]

The development is a joint venture by Hass Petroleum an East African petroleum products distributor and White Lotus Group, a Dubai-based investment firm.[5][6]

Construction and funding
The budgeted construction cost for the Pinnacle Towers is US$200 million. Of that, the developers contributed US$50 million and the balance was borrowed, from Afreximbank and some Kenyan banks.[7] The main contractor is China State Construction Engineering Corporation (CSCEC). Commissioning of the building is expected in 2020.[8]

See also
List of tallest buildings in Kenya
"THE PINNACLE". Retrieved 15 November 2018. (27 April 201. "Distance between Central Business District, Nairobi, Kenya and Nairobi Upper Hill, Nairobi, Kenya". Retrieved 27 April 2018.
Monks, Kieron (26 June 2017). "Work begins on the tallest skyscraper in Africa". Cable News Network (CNN). Retrieved 26 April 2018.
Property 24 (15 January 201. "Kenya will be home to Africa's tallest skyscraper, The Pinnacle". Cape Town: Retrieved 27 April 2018.
Kiganda, Anthony (27 March 201. "Construction work starts on Africa's tallest building in Kenya". Nairobi:
Herbling, David (23 May 2017). "Hilton kicks off second Nairobi high-end hotel". Business Daily Africa. Nairobi. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
Biko, Jackson (27 April 201. "Men who gave Africa its tallest building". Business Daily Africa. Nairobi. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
Gideone Kiarie, and Sandra Chao (6 October 2016). "Hilton replies to hotel rivals with 45-floor Nairobi tower". Daily Nation. Nairobi. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
Africa / Kenya Is Ahead of Nigeria In All Aspect (Facts Don't Lie) by Kenyans247(m): Mon Jul 2019 12:33pm
We have done this before. Lagos is slumpolis. Then sooner you accept the better for you.

Update nov 2018

1. Cairo ----------------------------69------Egypt
2. Johannesburg incl. Sandton---66------South Africa
--Johannesburg-------------------59------South Africa
3. Durban incl. Umhlanga--------61------South Africa
4. Luanda--------------------------55------Angola
--Durban--------------------------53------South Africa
5. nairobi--------------------------45------Kenya
6.Dar es Salaam------------------39------Tanzania
7. Lagos incl. EAC-----------------38------Nigeria
8. Cape Town----------------------33------South Africa
9. Oran-----------------------------32------Algeria
10. Pretoria------------------------24------South Africa
11. Algiers-------------------------22------Algeria
12. Abidjan------------------------15------Cote d'Ivoire
13. Maputo------------------------14------Mozambique
14. Addis Ababa-------------------12------Ethiopia
15. Kinshasa----------------------11-------D.R. Congo
16. Alexandria---------------------8-------Egypt
16. Kampala-----------------------8------Uganda
--Eko Atlantic--------------------8-------Nigeria
--Umhlanga-----------------------8------South Africa
17. Abuja--------------------------7------Nigeria
17. Casablanca--------------------7------Morocco
--Sandton-------------------------7------South Africa
18. Khartoum----------------------6------Sudan
19. Tripoli--------------------------4------Libya
19. Mombasa--------------------4------Kenya
19.Port Louis----------------------4-------Mauritius
20. Port Elizabeth-----------------3------South Africa
22. Windhoek---------------------1-------Namibia
22.Eldoret ---------------------------1--------Kenya
22.Pointe Noire------------------------1-------Congo
Africa / Kenya Is Ahead of Nigeria In All Aspect (Facts Don't Lie) by Kenyans247(m): Mon Jul 2019 12:33pm



At least we have it, worth bragging about...
A de facto Africa headquarters grin

Some of the world’s largest multinational corporations have set their regional/African headquarters...
Coca cola, Africa
Bharti, Africa
Blackberry, Africa
Sysco systems, Africa
CGTN, Africa
Heineken, Africa
IBM, Africa
Toyota, Africa
Standard chartered Bank, Africa
Mitsubishi, Africa
Nestle, Africa
Avic int'l, Africa
United Nations, Africa
CCT, Africa
General Electric, Africa
GSM association, Africa
Hill int'l, , sub-sahara Africa
IMF, Africa
World bank, Africa
LG, Africa
MasterCard, E-Africa
Motorola solutions, Africa
Nokia, Africa, India&middle East
Pfizer, E-Africa
Red cross
Rockefeller foundation,Africa
RTI int'l, Africa
Scania AB, Africa
Sony, East and Central Africa
Visa Inc, Africa
Xinhua news agency, Africa
Huawei, Africa
Merck KGaA, Africa
TNT, Africa
THE list is loooong...

What do you have! Lagos or Abuja...the worst places for human habitation, no electricity, no jobs, poverty stricken settlements, insecurity, short life expectancy, ugly looking buildings, almost zero developments
Africa / Kenya Is Ahead of Nigeria In All Aspect (Facts Don't Lie) by Kenyans247(m): Mon Jul 2019 12:33pm
(Avic Africa headquarters, Kenya) office block one of the tallest buildings in the continent...

Standing @184m tall it should be the third tallest after Carlton Tower Jo'burg 223m, Britam Tower nairobi 200m...

Huduma Centre / LAWS OF KENYA CONSTITUTION OF KENYA, 2010 full chapters by Kenyans247(m): Mon Jul 2019 12:03pm
2010 Kenyan constitutional referendum
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Kenyan constitutional referendum, 2010)
Jump to navigationJump to search
Kenyan constitutional referendum, 2010
Do you approve the proposed new Constitution?
Swahili: Je, unaikubali katiba mpya inayopendekezwa?
Votes %
Yes 6,092,593 68.55%
No 2,795,059 31.45%
Valid votes 8,887,652 100.00%
Invalid or blank votes 218,633 2.46%
Total votes 8,887,652 100.00%
Registered voters/turnout 12,616,627 70.44%
Referendum held: 4 August 2010
Coat of arms of Kenya (Official).svg
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A constitutional referendum was held in Kenya on 4 August 2010.[1][2] Voters were asked whether they approved of a proposed new constitution, which had been passed by the National Assembly on 1 April 2010. The new constitution was seen as a vital step to avoid a repetition of the violent outbursts after the 2007 general elections.[3]

The result was a victory for the "Yes" campaign, with 68.6% of voters approving the constitution.[4] The "No" campaign's main spokesman, Higher Education Minister William Ruto, conceded defeat.[5] The new constitution came into force on 27 August.[6]

1 Background
2 Question
3 Campaign
4 Conduct
5 Opinion polls
6 Results
6.1 By province
7 Reactions
8 Aftermath
9 References
The 1963 constitution was replaced by a new constitution in 1969. This was amended on several occasions, including a 1982 amendment that led to a coup attempt. The amendment saw the addition of a section 2A to the constitution, making Kenya a single-party state under President Daniel arap Moi. Following protests in the late 1980s, section 2A was repealed in 1991, establishing the multi-party state, and the Constitution has existed unmodified since then.[7] Although this was seen as a step forward, the country retained a reputation for corruption and many Kenyans desired a completely revised document. This came a step closer to reality in 1998 when a law was passed in parliament calling for a review of the constitution.[8] However, little was done to effect this during the remaining years of Moi's administration.

In the run-up to his victory in the 2002 general elections, President Mwai Kibaki made constitutional reform and the anti-corruption drive a key priority.[9] Despite promises to conduct a review early in the parliament, the new government continued to drag its feet. This was due mainly to the presence of senior officials from the previous regime, whose defection had been vital to Kibaki's election success, but who were ultimately unwilling to risk upsetting the status quo.[10] Eventually, in 2004, a proposed new constitution known as the Bomas draft was released. This proposed wide-reaching changes to the structure of government, including the transfer of some powers from the President to a newly created post of Prime Minister.[11] Fearing the loss of power, senior government figures watered down the Bomas draft, leading to widespread opposition, civil unrest and the resignation of several senior members of Kibaki's coalition.[11] The revised document was presented to the people in the November 2005 constitutional referendum, and was defeated.[10]

Following the referendum, politicians that had campaigned against the draft united to form a new party in opposition, known as the Orange Democratic Movement, after the symbol of an orange, which had been present on the referendum ballot papers to signify a "no" vote. Despite splits, the party appeared to be in a strong position going into the 2007 presidential election, but was ultimately defeated in controversial circumstances, leading to the violence of the 2007–2008 Kenyan crisis.[3] The peace deal that ended the crisis mandated that the constitutional question be revisited, which led in November 2009 to a new draft. After minor modifications and the passage of the draft through parliament, the referendum date was set for 4 August 2010.[12]

The referendum question was announced on 13 May 2010:

Do you approve the proposed new Constitution?
Swahili: Je, unaikubali katiba mpya inayopendekezwa?

Voter's choices in response to this question were "Yes" or "No". Due to high rates of illiteracy in the country, the law required that each response was accompanied by a visual symbol to ensure voters were aware of which choice they were making.[13] The symbols chosen for this referendum were colours: green for "Yes" and red for "No".[14]

To be passed, the referendum required a simple majority overall and at least 25% of votes in five of Kenya's eight provinces.[15]

Most senior figures in the coalition government were supporters of the "Yes" campaign, including President Mwai Kibaki, Prime Minister Raila Odinga, Vice-President Kalonzo Musyoka and both deputy Prime Ministers, Musalia Mudavadi and Uhuru Kenyatta.[16] The notable exceptions to this were Minister for Higher Education, William Ruto and Minister for Information, Samuel Poghisio, who led the "No" campaign along with former president Daniel arap Moi. These politicians felt the new law would not be good for Kenyans, arguing that the President would still retain excessive powers and that the provisions on land ownership were anti-capitalist.[17]

The other major source of opposition to the constitution came from the Christian churches, who feared it would lead to the legalisation of abortion, due to a clause permitting abortion for maternal health reasons.[18] The other clause considered contentious by the church was the inclusion of Kadhi courts for settling some civil issues relating to Muslim citizens. Although these courts have been present since pre-colonial times, they were not previously enshrined in the Constitution.[19]

The run-up to the referendum was largely peaceful, although there were isolated incidents of violence, such as when six people were killed and many more injured in June 2010, in a bomb attack on a rally for the "No" campaign in Nairobi.[20] The Uchaguzi organisation was established to monitor the referendum.

The vote took place amid tight security to avoid a repeat of the previous elections' aftermath. There were particular worries in the Rift Valley Province, where tensions between Kalenjin and Kikuyu populations had caused the worst of the 2007 violence. The vote eventually passed off peacefully, with no reports of violence.[21]

Opinion polls
Opinion polls taken between April and July 2010 showed a consistent lead for the "Yes" campaign, with support ranging between 49% and 64%, compared to a range of 17% — 22% for the "No" campaign.

Date For Against Undecided
24 April 2010[22] 64% 17% 19%
29 May 2010[23] 63% 21% 16%
4 June 2010[24] 57% 20% 19%
7 July 2010[25] 49% 22% 22%
16 July 2010[26] 62% 20% 18%
23 July 2010[27] 58% 22% 17%

Results by Province
1. Central
2. Coast
3. Eastern
4. Nairobi 5. North Eastern
6. Nyanza
7. Rift Valley
8. Western
The result was a victory for the "Yes" campaign, with 69% in favour and 31% against on a turnout of 72.2%.[28] Most areas of the country voted in favour of the Constitution, with the notable exception of the Rift Valley Province, where the majority of voters followed the advice of local leaders William Ruto and Daniel arap Moi in voting against.[29] The only area that failed to vote overwhelmingly as predicted was the Ukambani area of the lower Eastern Province, where the "Yes" camp recorded only a very narrow victory despite support from local leaders Kalonzo Musyoka and Charity Ngilu.[30]

Choice Votes %
Referendum passed Yes 6,092,593 68.55
No 2,795,059 31.45
Valid votes 8,887,652 97.60
Invalid or blank votes 218,633 2.40
Total votes 9,106,285 100.00
Registered voters and turnout 12,616,627 72.18
Source: African Elections Database
By province
Province For Against Invalid/
blank Total Registered
voters Turnout
Votes % Votes %
Central 1,274,967 84.4 235,588 15.6 29,692 1,540,247 1,958,898 78.6
Coast 425,626 79.24 111,532 20.76 16,388 553,546 997,086 55.5
Eastern 741,109 56.43 572,109 43.57 32,480 1,345,698 2,028,444 66.3
Nairobi 678,621 76.52 208,195 23.48 29,298 916,114 1,292,229 70.9
North Eastern 110,992 95.71 4,970 4.29 599 116,561 231,928 50.3
Nyanza 1,174,033 92.04 101,491 7.96 20,257 1,295,781 1,705,292 76.0
Rift Valley 971,331 40.52 1,426,102 59.48 65,447 2,462,880 3,046,294 80.8
Western 715,914 84.13 135,072 15.87 24,472 875,458 1,356,456 64.5
Total 6,092,593 68.55 2,795,059 31.45 218,633 9,106,285 12,616,627 72.2
Source: African Elections Database
The result was generally welcomed by the international community, with messages of congratulations to the government and people of Kenya from, amongst others, US President Barack Obama, former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan and the leaders of other African Great Lakes nations.[31]

As required by the law mandating the referendum, the new Constitution was formally promulgated in a ceremony on 27 August 2010 by President Kibaki. This historic occasion was attended by foreign leaders and dignitaries from Africa and all over the world.[32]

Huduma Centre / LAWS OF KENYA CONSTITUTION OF KENYA, 2010 full chapters by Kenyans247(m): Mon Jul 2019 12:03pm
A constitutional referendum was held in Kenya on 21 November 2005. Although many government officials, including President Mwai Kibaki, had campaigned for a "yes" vote, the proposed new constitution was rejected by 58% of voters.

Despite the rising number of literate voters in Kenya (74%),[1] ballot papers used symbols as well as text to indicate the choices. Supporters of the new constitution were assigned the symbol of a banana, while the opposition was assigned the orange, ultimately leading to the opposition group being named the Orange Democratic Movement.

The referendum divided the ruling National Rainbow Coalition into camps for and against the proposal, as well as spurring violence between Orange and Banana supporters; nine people died during the campaign period spread over several months, but the process itself was peaceful.

1 Draft constitution
2 Campaign
3 Opinion polls
4 Results
4.1 By province
5 Aftermath
5.1 Cabinet appointment
6 See also
7 References
Draft constitution
During the drafting of the constitution there were disagreements over how much power should be vested in the President, with many believing Kibaki was attempting to garner dictatorial powers. In previous drafts, those who feared a concentration of power in the president added provisions for European-style power-sharing between the President and Prime Minister. However, the final draft of the constitution retained sweeping powers for the Head of State.

The issue of land reform was also prevalent due to the frequency of land disputes between ethnic groups. The draft constitution sought to deal with this and included measures against the ownership of land by foreigners (European immigrants and their descendants own numerous large tracts of land in Kenya). The constitution would have also permitted women to own land for the first time, although only through inheritance, and sought to establish a "Land Commission" that would manage and oversee the redistribution of land (the formation of a commission was included primarily as a means of preventing the gifting of land by government officials in return for favours). The commission would also serve as a human rights watchdog over land disputes and would attempt to give back land to ethnic groups and individuals who had unfairly lost land in the past.

The constitution sought also to classify land as either government, community, or individual property. Many had been alarmed by a more radical provision which would allow the land commission to redistribute land that was "idle"—not being used to its fullest potential—to the landless and squatters. This met the most resistance amongst absentee land owners and nomadic groups such as the Maasai, whose land could potentially be repossessed.

Religious courts were also an area of concern prior to the voting. Since Islamic religious courts already existed in Kenya, demands for courts specific to other religions (mainly Christian and Hindu) were adhered to and the draft constitution provided a legal basis for a number of religious judiciaries.

Because Kibaki so vigorously promoted the new constitution and based his election campaign around it, many voters used the referendum merely as means to voice their approval or disapproval of the Kibaki government. This would become the sentiment on which the victorious Orange camp would base their demands for snap elections, claiming the government had lost its mandate to rule as a result of the "no" vote by the people.

Opinion polls
There was a single opinion poll taken by Steadman International, which showed 42% against, 32% for and 22% undecided, with 4% refusing to answer.[2]

Are you for or against the ratification of the proposed new constitution?

Choice Votes %
For 2,578,831 41.88
Against 3,579,241 58.12
Invalid/blank votes –
Total 6,158,072 100
Registered voters/turnout 11,595,201
Source: African Elections Database
By province
Province For Against Total Registered
voters Turnout
Votes % Votes %
Central 1,023,219 93.2 74,394 6.8 1,097,613 1,795,277 61.1
Coast 64,432 19.3 269,655 80.7 334,087 967,518 34.5
Eastern 485,282 49.5 494,624 50.5 979,906 1,977,480 49.6
Nairobi 161,344 43.2 212,070 56.8 373,414 961,295 38.8
North Eastern 12,401 24.1 39,028 75.9 51,429 237,321 21.7
Nyanza 114,077 12.2 822,188 87.8 936,265 1,664,401 56.3
Rift Valley 395,943 24.5 1,218,805 75.5 1,614,748 2,668,981 60.5
Western 240,582 40.2 358,343 59.8 1,322,604 598,925 45.3
Total 2,532,918 41.7 3,548,477 58.3 6,081,395 11,594,877 52.4
Source: Electoral Commission of Kenya
After voters rejected a draft constitution, President Kibaki dismissed his entire cabinet and deputy ministers, moving quickly to reassert his political authority.[3] Kibaki said of his decision, "Following the results of the Referendum, it has become necessary for me, as the President of the Republic, to re-organise my Government to make it more cohesive and better able to serve the people of Kenya."[citation needed]

Although the dismissal of individual officials is commonplace in government, the dissolution of the cabinet in its entirety is rare. The only member of the cabinet office to be spared a midterm exit was the Attorney General, whose position was constitutionally protected against Kibaki's presidential powers. Vice-President Moody Awori retained his post; however, he was deprived of his position as Minister of Home Affairs. The dismissal of the cabinet followed a seven-month period in which its members never actually met formally, instead preferring to make political statements through the media. Kibaki pledged to appoint a new cabinet within two weeks, prior to which he would be managing the nation's affairs single-handedly.[4]

The cabinet had been increasingly divided for an extended period of time, and the issue of the constitution had created further fracturing. Because the National Rainbow Coalition was a grouping of several smaller parties (the Democratic Party, FORD–Kenya, Liberal Democratic Party, and NPK), members of the Kibaki government maintained differing agendas and loyalties, often being more loyal to their party than to the coalition. Corruption charges and investigations into the affairs of the cabinet had gone undisciplined by the president, who had been criticized for not reeling in his officials.

The response to the sacking of the cabinet and ministers by Kenyans, as a result, was overwhelmingly positive. However, the opposition spearheaded by the Orange Democratic Movement (whose key members consist of a number of MPs from the now moribund cabinet) expressed that Kibaki had not gone far enough and a dissolution of both the legislature and administration was necessary. This combined with the referendum's failure and Kibaki's inability to deliver on his campaign promises caused an increase in demands for new elections for the entire Kenyan government by the opposition leaders.[5]

After rallies on 27 November 2005 by the opposition demanding new elections as soon as possible, the Kenyan government outlawed all demonstrations in support of new elections. The Kibaki government dismissed the idea of early elections, and claimed that such gatherings were a "threat to national security". The opposition encouraged nationwide pro-election demonstrations and scheduled a rally led by the Orange team at Mombasa Municipal Stadium for 10 December.[6] The government called in police to seal off access the stadium and prevent the rally from taking place. All other pro-election rallies throughout the country were suppressed by law enforcement.[7] Kibaki postponed the reconvening of the Legislature, which was scheduled to resume its affairs on 6 December.

Cabinet appointment
As promised, on 7 December 2005 President Kibaki announced his new appointments for his cabinet and empty minister positions. However, almost immediately a large portion of the appointees turned down the job offers; at least 19 MPs are said to have rejected the appointment. Many of those who turned down positions were members of FORD–Kenya and the NPK, who constituted the political backbone of Kibaki's regime. Both FORD–Kenya and the NPK formally withdrew their support for the Government, resulting in the rejection of the high-level posts by their MPs. Many cited a failure on Kibaki's part to consult with other parties in the coalition regarding the make-up of the new cabinet as the principal cause for the rejections.

On 9 December 2005, Kibaki swore in the new cabinet, made up almost exclusively of his closest political allies.

See also
Constitutional Reforms in Kenya
2010 Kenyan constitutional referendum
Huduma Centre / LAWS OF KENYA CONSTITUTION OF KENYA, 2010 full chapters by Kenyans247(m): Mon Jul 2019 12:03pm
Since Kenya gained independence in 1963 the constitution has been altered many times. During the early years of Kenya's existence the constitution was abused by the president and the ruling party to gain and consolidate power through the creation of a single-party state, the abolition of secret ballots and through increasing the power and prestige that comes with being the president. However, more recently the constitution has been used to make Kenya more democratic through the addition of a Prime Minister, and two Deputy Prime Ministers and the abolition of section 2A of the constitution, which had prevented Kenya from being a multi-party state was now repealed.

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History of reform
Constitutional reform in Kenya has been a major issue since Kenya gained independence. The highlights of the evolution of Kenya's constitution can be highlighted by the following events:

1963 – Kenya's 1963 independence constitution provides for a multi-party parliamentary system. Jomo Kenyatta is installed as Kenya's first Prime Minister.
1964 – Kenya becomes a republic and Jomo Kenyatta becomes Kenya's first President, with the position of Prime Minister scrapped.
1966 – Provincial assemblies scrapped. Senate dissolved and its members combined with those of the House of Representatives into a unicameral National Assembly.
1969 – New constitution adopted, consolidating amendments already made to the 1963 independence constitution, and further strengthening presidential powers.
1976 – Constitutional amendment enabling president to pardon politicians barred from contesting elections over electoral malpractices. Opposition to amendment the leads to the arrest and imprisonment of Philomena Chelagat Mutai and George Anyona.
1982 – Multi-partism is abolished making Kenya a single party state with KANU as the ruling party. This was followed by the mlolongo system where secret-ballots were no longer used.
1991 – President Moi in December 1991 at a KANU delegates meeting at Kasarani Stadium, repealed Section 2A of the constitution, thereby making Kenya a multi-party state. The change enabled the introduction of term limits to the Presidency.
2000 – Commission for Constitutional Reform of Kenya was set up by President Moi and Prof Yash Pal Ghai was installed as its chairman to spearhead Kenya's first major constitutional reform.
2005 – In November 2005, a constitutional referendum defeats government's proposed new constitution (see below).
2008 – In March 2008, the National Assembly of Kenya passed the Nation and Reconciliation Accord Act that introduced a temporary change to the constitution introducing the position of Prime Minister and two Deputy Prime Ministers.
2009 – Parliament prioritises constitution reform through Agenda No. 4. Deliberations on how this reforms will be tackled will be discussed in the second session of the 10th Parliament that began in April 2009.
Previous Proposed Constitution Drafts and processes

The 1969 Constitution which replaced the 1963 independence constitution had already been amended at least 12 times by 2010, and was widely agreed to require a major overhaul to create a more democratic framework with greater oversight of the executive by parliament. The constitution gave the president wide-ranging powers, provided for no prime minister, and was ill-suited to multiparty politics, despite the 1991 repeal of a 1982 amendment that had formalised the one-party state.[1]

The constitutional reform process that began in 2000 led to the adoption of several competing drafts, and a deadlock between government and opposition, until 2008.

2004 Bomas Draft (named after the location of the constitutional reform conference that adopted it) – Proposed transferring most of the powers of the office of the President elected by the people to the Prime Minister that would be elected by Parliament. In addition, there would have been checks on executive appointments. The PM would nominate MPs to become Cabinet ministers, the President would then appoint them. All appointments would require up and down votes by a members of the Senate.
2005 Wako Draft (named after the Attorney General, Amos Wako) – Put forward unilaterally by the government instead of the Bomas Draft, which it rejected. A modified version of the 1969 constitution but got rid of 25% requirement in general elections that requires the winner in the Presidential election to have 25% in at least 5 provinces. The winner would also have to get more than 50% of the vote, else an instant re-run would occur.
2005 A constitutional referendum defeated the proposed constitution supported by the government.
Post-2005 Minimal Constitution Reform option – proposed by Prof. Yash Pal Ghai after the failed referendum. His proposal suggested that for political and practical reasons, the best way to achieve constitutional change would be to do it in small phases as opposed to immediate and complete overhaul of the current system.
Constitutional drafts and processes leading up to the adoption of the 2010 text

Following the post-election violence that broke out after the controversial December 2007 elections in which the renewed mandate of President Mwai Kibaki was alleged to be stolen, a team of mediators led by Kofi Annan, proposed by President Kufuor of Ghana, then chair of the African Union, pushed for a renewed constitutional review process. The National Dialogue and Reconciliation process led to an agreement between the parties in February 2008, including the formation of a government of national unity and other reforms. Agenda item 4 in the agreement focused on "Long-Term Issues", including constitutional and institutional reform.

March 2008 – The parties agree on the principles for a constitutional review process, and Parliament establishes a Committee of Experts on Constitutional Reform to gather views from the public, deliberate on contentious issues and come up with a draft of the new constitution. A Constitution of Kenya Review Act 2008 governs the review process, and enters into force in December 2008. The Committee held extensive public consultations and received many dozens of submissions.
November 2009 – The harmonised draft constitution written and proposed by the Committee of Experts was released on 17 November 2009 and had the following highlights:[2]
Transfer of executive authority from the President to the Prime Minister position who will be the Head of Government.
President will be the Head of State and maintain a more ceremonial role.
Prime Minister will be the Head of Government and will be the head of the party/coalition with a majority in Parliament – He will nominate ministers to the Cabinet.
Half of the ministers in cabinet can be nominated from non-MPs.
The total number of MPs will be increased from 222 to 295.
An upper house, a Senate, will be introduced to represent the regions – the total number of Senators will be 113.
Devolution to the provincial level – current 8 provinces will be now referred to as regions.
The 8 regions/provinces will be subdivided into counties – There will be a total of 70 counties and will each be headed by executives.
Nairobi Province will become a region and have a popularly elected Mayor as opposed to having the city councillors elect the Mayor.
Retention of Kadhi court system as it is in the current constitution.
February 2010 – Following further consultation and amendment a revised text is published.
May 2010 – On 6 May, the final text of the constitution is published, for approval by referendum.
August 2010 – The draft constitution text is approved by a 67% margin in a national referendum.[3] The constitution is promulgated on 27 August.
October 2010 – On 5 October, parliament establishes the Constitutional Implementation Oversight Committee (CIOC), which is mandated to oversee the entire implementation process of the reforms required by the new constitution.
See also
Constitution of Kenya
10th Kenyan Parliament
2007–2008 Kenyan crisis
Kenyan constitutional referendum, 2005
Kenyan constitutional referendum, 2010
Huduma Centre / LAWS OF KENYA CONSTITUTION OF KENYA, 2010 full chapters by Kenyans247(m): Mon Jul 2019 12:03pm
Constitution of Kenya (1963)
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Kenya's 1963 independence constitution was based on the standard "Lancaster House template" used for the former British colonies in Africa, was subject to early amendments, and was replaced in 1969.

Under the Constitution of Kenya, the British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, was represented as head of state by a Governor-General of Kenya. The Constitution also provided for a bicameral parliament, the National Assembly, consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Each province had an elected assembly.

In 1964, the Constitution was amended to make the country a republic with the President as both head of state and head of government, and in 1966, the membership of the Senate and House of Representatives was combined to form a unicameral National Assembly.

See also
Constitution of Kenya, 2010
Constitutional Reforms in Kenya
Kenyan constitutional referendum, 2005
External links
1963 Constitution
Huduma Centre / LAWS OF KENYA CONSTITUTION OF KENYA, 2010 full chapters by Kenyans247(m): Mon Jul 2019 12:03pm
The Constitution of Kenya is the supreme law of the Republic of Kenya. There have been three significant versions of the constitution, with the most recent redraft being enabled in 2010. The 2010 edition replaced the 1963 independence constitution. The constitution was presented to the Attorney General of Kenya on 7 April 2010, officially published on 6 May 2010, and was subjected to a referendum on 4 August 2010.[1] The new Constitution was approved by 67% of Kenyan voters.[2] The constitution was promulgated on 27 August 2010.[3]

1 Brief history of constitutional reform in Kenya
1.1 Drafting process for the 2010 Constitution
2 Government Structure
2.1 The Executive
2.2 The Legislature
2.3 Judiciary
3 Devolution
4 Citizenship
5 Disagreements over reform
6 International reaction
7 See also
8 References
9 External links
Brief history of constitutional reform in Kenya
Main article: Constitutional reforms in Kenya
Kenya has had two major constitutional reforms involving wholly new texts since gaining independence: in 1969 and in 2010. In 1969, the 1963 independence constitution was replaced with a new text that entrenched amendments already made to the system of government that the independence constitution had contemplated.[4]

These changes included: changing the structure of the state from a federal, or Majimbo system, to a unitary system; creating a unicameral instead of bicameral legislature; changing from a parliamentary to a semi-presidential system with a powerful presidency; and reducing the protections of the bill of rights. Further amendments to the 1969 constitution were later effected, including, in 1982, the institution of a de jure single party government.[4]

The demand for a new constitution to replace the 1969 text with a more democratic system began in the early 1990s, with the end of the Cold War and democratic changes taking place elsewhere in Africa. The single party system was ended in 1991, and the first presidential election took place in 1992. Calls for a comprehensive review of the 1969 Constitution intensified in the late 1990s and early 2000s, helped by the victory of the opposition National Rainbow Coalition (NARC) party in the 2002 general elections. Official and civil society consultation processes led to the adoption of what became known as the "Bomas draft" constitution (after the location of the conference that adopted it).[4]

However, substantial amendments were nonetheless made to this draft prior to a referendum in 2005, resulting in a split in the then ruling coalition. The Liberal Democratic Party faction of the government, led by Raila Odinga, and supported by KANU led a successful 'No' vote against the amended Bomas Draft (called the Wako draft after the alleged mastermind of the changes). The review of the Constitution stalled and negotiations over the adoption of a new text seemed deadlocked. A deadlock only finally broken by the intervention of the African Union through a mediation team headed by Kofi Annan, following the outbreak of serious post-election violence in early 2008.

Drafting process for the 2010 Constitution
The Constitution of Kenya was the final document resulting from the revision of the Harmonized draft constitution of Kenya written by the Committee of Experts initially released to the public on 17 November 2009 so that the public could debate the document and then parliament could decide whether to subject it to a referendum in June 2010. The public was given 30 days to scrutinise the draft and forward proposals and amendments to their respective members of parliament, after which a revised draft was presented to the Parliamentary Committee on 8 January 2010. The Parliamentary Select Committee (PSC) revised the draft and returned the draft to the Committee of Experts[5] who published a Proposed Constitution on 23 February 2010 that was presented to Parliament for final amendments if necessary.

After failing to incorporate over 150 amendments to the proposed constitution, parliament unanimously approved the proposed constitution on 1 April 2010. The proposed constitution was presented to the Attorney General of Kenya on 7 April 2010, officially published on 6 May 2010, and was subjected to a referendum on 4 August 2010.[1] The new Constitution was approved by 67% of Kenyan voters.[2]

Government Structure
The key changes proposed by the new constitution released are in the following areas:

Separation of Powers between the Three arms of government i.e. Executive, Legislature and Judiciary.
The Executive – who holds executive authority and the qualifications.[6]
The Legislature – the composition, and representation of the people. An introduction of an upper house – the Senate.[7]
The Judiciary – qualations to hold office and appointment.[8]
Devolution – only two levels of Government: National and Counties.[9]
Citizenship – among other issues, gender discrimination was ended, and citizens who acquire foreign citizenship will not lose their Kenyan citizenship.[10]
Gains achieved

An advanced Bill of Rights that among other things recognizes Socio-Economic rights of the Kenyan citizens. (Chapter Four).
The removal of age limit of 35 years to run for president. New draft allows people to run as long as they are of adult age. Article 137(b)
Right to Recall legislators(Senators and Members of the National Assembly).(Article 104)
Representation in elective bodies has to effectively meet a gender equity constitutional requirement, namely that no more than two-thirds of members shall be from either gender in its make up. Chapter 7, Article 81(b)
Integrity Chapter, requires an Independent Ethics Commission to be set up that will monitor compliance with Integrity in all government institutions and make investigations,recommendations to the necessary authorities i.e. Attorney General and any other relevant authority.(Chapter Six)
An advanced Human Rights and Equality Commission that will also have power to investigate and summon people involved in Human Rights abuses within the government and with the public.(Article 252)
Equitable Sharing of resources between the National government and the County government through a resolution of Parliament. Chapter 12- Part 4.
An Equalization Fund to improve basic access to basic needs of the marginalized communities. (Article 204).
Any member of the Public has a right to bring up a case against the government on the basis of infringement of Human Rights and the Bill of Rights – Article 23(1)(2). The courts and government institutions are bound to the Bill of Rights as per the constitution Article 2(1), Article 10(1).
The Salaries and Remuneration Commission that is an Independent entity and has the power of regularly reviewing salaries of all State officers to ensure the Compensation bill is fiscally sustainable. Article 230(5).
Independence of the Judiciary is affirmed Article 160.
An Independent National Land Commission created to Maintain oversight and manage all Land(Public) belonging to National and County Government and recommend policy on addressing complaints from public,advise the National government on ways of improving National and County land management,planning,dispute resolution. Article 67.
Environmental Rights are recognized under Chapter 5(Part 2)
Freedom of Media establishment from penalty on expression, by the State on any Opinion and dissemination of media. Article 34. This is subject to the Article 33.
The Executive
The executive at the top most levels will be constituted of a president, deputy president and the Cabinet.

Key functions of the president

Shall be the Head of state & Head of government of the Republic of Kenya.
Shall not be a member of parliament
Commander-in-Chief – and will declare war and state emergency upon approval by the National Assembly and Cabinet respectively.
Head of Government – will wield executive authority and will co-ordinate and supervise all major sections of the executive branch.
Shall nominate, appoint with prior approval of the national assembly, and dismiss Cabinet Secretaries.
Preside over Cabinet meetings.
Shall assent bills into law or refer them back to parliament for further review.
Shall nominate, and after approval of Parliament, appoint a Chief Justice.
Shall nominate, and after approval of Parliament, appoint an Attorney General
Shall nominate, and after approval of Parliament, appoint a Director of Public prosecution.
Shall appoint Judges to the Superior Court recommended to him/her by an independent Judiciary Service Commission.
Shall appoint Ambassadors/High Commissioners to Kenyan embassies abroad.
The Legislature
The Legislative branch is bicameral and will constitute of the following An upper house – the Senate

Each of the 47 counties will have a Senator
A senator will be elected by the voters.
Tentative total number of Senators will be 60.
Presides over presidential impeachment hearings (article 145)
A lower house – the National Assembly

Each constituency (290 the number gazetted by Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission in October 2012).
Majority of the Members of National Assembly will be directly elected by voters
There will be a Women's Representative MP elected from each county – therefore guaranteeing a minimum of 47 women MPs in the National Assembly.
Tentative total number of MPs will be 347.
Votes to investigate and impeach the president (article 145)
County Assemblies and Executive

The country will be divided to approximately 47 counties – the counties are comparable to the current districts.
Each county will have a County Executive headed by a county governor elected directly by the people and;
A county assembly elected with representatives from wards within the county.
Main article: Judiciary of Kenya
There will be three superior courts:

Supreme Court – highest judiciary organ consisting of the Chief Justice, the Deputy Chief Justice and five other judges. This court will handle appeals from the Appeals and Constitutional courts. It will also preside over presidential impeachment proceedings.
Court of Appeal – will handle appeal cases from the High Court and as prescribed by Parliament. It will constitute not less than 12 judges and will be headed by a president appointed by the chief justice.
An independent Judicial Service Commission has been set up to handle the appointment of judges. They will recommend a list of persons to be appointed as judges by the president (this article will be enforced after the transitional period). The commission will consist of the following:

A Supreme Court judge – elected by members of the Supreme Court to chair the commission
Court of Appeal judge – elected by members of the Court of Appeals to chair the commission
The Attorney-General
Two advocates, one a woman and one a man, each of whom has at least fifteen years' experience, nominated by the statutory body responsible for the professional regulation of advocates
One person nominated by the Public Service Commission.
Attorney General

Shall be appointed by the president – with approval from the National Assembly
Hold office for only one term of not more than 6 years.
Devolution to the county governments will only be autonomous in implementation of distinct functions as listed in the Fourth Schedule (Part 2). This is in contrast with the Federal System in which Sovereignty is Constitutionally divided between the Federal government and the States. The Kenyan Devolution system still maintains a Unitary Political Concept as a result of distribution of functions between the two levels of government under the Fourth schedule and also as result of Article 192 which gives the president the power to suspend a county government under certain conditions.

A conflict of laws between the two levels of government is dealt with under Article 191 where National legislation will in some cases override County legislation. The relationship between the National Government and the Counties can be seen as that of a Principal and a limited autonomy Agent as opposed to an Agent and Agent relation in the Federal System.

More checks and balances have been introduced as requirements for accountability of both levels of government. The Parliament( Senate and National Assembly) has much discretion on the budgetary allocations to the County Governments. Every Five years the Senate receives recommendations from the Commission of Revenue Allocation (Article 217) and a resolution is passed on the criteria for Revenue allocation.

The National Government is constitutionally barred from intruding wilfully with the county government role and function under the Fourth Schedule. Exceptions may require parliamentary approval (Article 191 and 192). The National Government has a role to play in the County level by performing all the other functions that are not assigned to the County Government as listed on the Fourth Schedule (Part 1).

The new constitution makes important reforms to the previous framework on citizenship, in particular by ending gender discrimination in relation to the right of a woman to pass citizenship to her children or spouse; by ending the prohibition on dual citizenship; and by restricting the grounds on which citizenship may be taken away. The text has been criticised, however, for not providing sufficient protections against statelessness for children or adults.[11]

A person is a citizen by birth if on the day of the person's birth, whether or not the person is born in Kenya, either the mother or father of the person is a citizen (Art 14(1)).
A person who has been married to a citizen for a period of at least seven years is entitled on application to be registered as a citizen (Art 15(1)).
A person who has been lawfully resident in Kenya for a continuous period of at least seven years, and who satisfies the conditions prescribed by an Act of Parliament, may apply to be registered as a citizen (Art 15(2)).
A person who is a citizen does not lose citizenship by reason only of acquiring the citizenship of another country (Art 16) and persons who are citizens of other countries may acquire Kenyan citizenship (Art 15(4)).
A person who as a result of acquiring the citizenship of another country ceased to be a Kenyan citizen is entitled, on application, to regain Kenyan citizenship (Art 14(5)).
Disagreements over reform
After the draft of the constitution was released the type of government which would be implemented with the constitution was a debate amongst the various government coalitions.[12][13] The two major political parties,the Party of National Unity (PNU) and the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) disagreed on many points.[12] the greatest discrepancy in opinion was over the nature of the executive branch of the government.[12]

The economic interest represented by the Kenya Private Sector Alliance (KEPSA), openly opposed the new style of government.[12] Eventually the contentious issue of the position of Prime Minister was removed. The remaining contentious issues primarily concern abortion, Kadhi courts and land reform.

Mainstream Christian leaders in Kenya object to the constitution

The Proposed Constitution of Kenya in Sec 26(4) reiterates and reaffirms the current Kenyan penal code by stating: Abortion is not permitted unless, in the opinion of a trained health professional, there is need for emergency treatment, or the life or health of the mother is in danger, or if permitted by any other written law. However, the church insists that the weak drafting of the clause, especially the last two parts, could allow for the same clause to be used to enact laws or justify procurement of on-demand abortion.[14]
The Proposed Constitution of Kenya in Sec 24(4) exempts a section of society that profess Islam as their religion from broad sections of the Bill of Rights that relate with Personal Status, Marriage, Divorce and Inheritance.
The Proposed Constitution of Kenya in Sec 170 Provides for the Establishment of Kadhi Courts.
The Proposed Constitution of Kenya in Sec 170 (2)a Discriminates against all other sectors of society by limiting the Kadhi's Job opportunity only to persons that Profess the Muslim Religion. The church leaders also insist that for the clarity of the separation of religion and state doctrine and equality of religion, the Kadhi courts should not be in the constitution.
A three Judge Bench of the High Court has since in a landmark ruling of a case filed six-year ago, declared the inclusion of the Kadhi court illegal and against the principles of non-discrimination, separation of religion and state and constitutionalism.[15] A section of the Muslim leadership has vowed to retaliate the ruling by seeking their own judicial declaration that the teaching of Christian religious Education in public school curriculum is illegal.[16] The education curriculum includes religious education syllabus for both Christianity and Islam.

International reaction
Generally the whole world praised the approach that the Kenyans took to constitutional reform, seeing it as a viable way to keep corruption in check.[17] United States Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said that "I am pleased that they have taken this step, which represents a major milestone."[17] Other United States diplomats also commented on the unity and meaningful intent which Kenyans were presenting in approaching the reform.[17]

Non-profits concerned with civil society and other reforms also praised the approach.[17] For example, the Africa director for the International Foundation for Electoral Systems said that "The fact that they are bringing in stakeholders to lend their voice and make recommendations will strengthen civil society because they will keep a close eye on the process and, if it is passed, will ensure that it is respected and properly implemented."[17]

Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister Lawrence Cannon stated: "On behalf of the Government of Canada, I wish to congratulate Kenya on the adoption of its new constitution. This is a significant achievement and an important moment in Kenya's history. We welcome the leadership shown by President Mwai Kibaki and Prime Minister Raila Amolo Odinga within the Grand Coalition Government in bringing Kenyans together to tackle their future and make progress through dialogue, and in implementing the reforms set out in the country's Kenya's 2007–2008 election violence and should reaffirm its complete cooperation and commitment to the ICC.".[18]

Researchers at the UK-based Overseas Development Institute have praised the 2010 Constitution as a positive step forwards in terms of securing greater equity for women and children in Kenya, highlighting "A new narrative for social justice" and "Institutional reforms to strengthen accountability".[19] However, they stress that a constitution alone will not generate the desired changes; what matters is how the constitutional commitments are translated into policy and practice.

See also
Constitution of Kenya (1963)
Constitutional Reforms in Kenya
Kenyan constitutional referendum, 2005
Kenyan constitutional referendum, 2010
Travel / How much is visa fee to Nigeria? by Marshall(m): Thu Jul 2019 10:37am
Cool :'&(
Politics / Relations between Nigeria and Chad? by Kenyans247(m): Tue Jul 2019 03:58pm
The two are islamic states?
Politics / Relations between Nigeria and Chad? by Saocv(m): Tue Jul 2019 03:58pm
What do you thinks about bilateral ties between Nigeria and Chad? Should these neighboring states hold a constructive dialogue and strengthen relations in various fields? :D
Nigeria considered France its primary rival in its attempt to chart the course of West Africa's political development. Its generally paternalistic relations with Chad intensified after the coup that ousted President François Tombalbaye in 1975. After that, limiting Libyan expansion while avoiding direct clashes with Libyan troops also became important goals. Nigeria sponsored talks among Chad's rival factions in 1979 and promoted a little-known civil servant, Mahmat Shawa Lol, as a compromise head of a coalition government. Lol's perceived status as a Nigerian puppet contributed to mounting opposition during his short term as president in 1979.

The two nations forged stronger ties during the 1980s. Hoping to benefit commercially and diplomatically by expanding regional trade relations, Nigeria replaced France as Chad's major source of export revenues. Bilateral trade agreements involved Chadian exports of livestock, dried fish, and chemicals and imports of Nigerian foodstuffs and manufactured goods. Both governments also recognized the potential value of the large informal trade sector across their borders, which neither country regulated. In addition, Nigerian industry and commerce employed several thousand Chadian workers. Both nations have seats on the United Nations Security Council.

Chad's relationship with Nigeria was not without its strains, however. Beginning in the late 1970s, clashes occurred around Lake Chad, where both countries hoped to exploit oil reserves. Both also sought to defuse these confrontations, first by establishing joint patrols and a commission to demarcate the boundary across the lake more clearly. Then in the early 1980s, the low level of Lake Chad brought a series of tiny islands into view, leading to further disputes and disrupting long-standing informal trade networks.

This relationship was also complicated by Nigeria's own instability in the north, generated by rising Islamic fundamentalism. Thousands of casualties occurred as the result of violent clashes in Nigeria throughout the 1980s. Most religious violence was domestic in origin, but Nigerian police arrested a few Libyans, and Nigerian apprehension of Libyan infiltration through Chad intensified.

Nigeria's 1983 economic austerity campaign also produced strains with neighboring states, including Chad. Nigeria expelled several hundred thousand foreign workers, mostly from its oil industry, which faced drastic cuts as a result of declining world oil prices. At least 30,000 of those expelled were Chadians. Despite these strains, however, Nigerians had assisted in the halting process of achieving stability in Chad, and both nations reaffirmed their intention to maintain close ties.

Cooperation on fighting Boko Haram
In May 2014, in the wake of the Chibok schoolgirl kidnapping,

Chad's minister of national defense, Benaindo Tatola, met with Cameroon's defense minister Edgard Allain Mebe Ngo'o in Yaounde. "Ngo'o said Chad had also deployed troops to work together with Cameroonian forces on the borders with Nigeria. He also said troops from the two countries will cross into Nigeria and fight Boko Haram in collaboration with Nigerian forces."[1]
Politics / Relations between Nigeria and Chad? by Saocv(m): Tue Jul 2019 03:58pm
Since independence, with Jaja Wachuku as the first Minister of Foreign Affairs and Commons, later called External Affairs, Nigerian foreign policy has been characterised by a focus on Africa as a regional power and by attachment to several fundamental principles: African unity and independence; capability to exercise hegemonic influence in the region: peaceful settlement of disputes; non-alignment and non-intentional interference in the internal affairs of other nations; and regional economic cooperation and development. In carrying out these principles, Nigeria participates in the African Union, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the Non-Aligned Movement, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the United Nations.There are many Nigerian organizations outside the country. Prominent among them is the Houston, Texas United States-based Nigerian Union Diaspora (NUD), which is the umbrella Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) for the economic and political empowerment of the people of Nigerian descent outside Nigeria.

1 Nigeria and the liberation of Africa
2 Nigeria and West Africa
3 Nigeria and International Organisations
4 Africa
5 Americas
6 Asia
7 Europe
8 Oceania
9 International disputes
10 Nigeria and the Commonwealth of Nations
11 See also
12 References
13 External links
Nigeria and the liberation of Africa

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Upon gaining independence in 1960, Nigeria quickly committed itself to improving the lives of the people of the country and harnessing the resources that remain vital to the economy of the country and her neighbours. By observing at what benefits and appropriate for the country, Nigeria became one of the founding members of the Organisation for African Unity (OAU), which later became the African Union. The Organisation for African Unity checks political stability of any African countries and encourages them to be holding regional meetings for the union. Nigeria backed the African National Congress (ANC) by taking a committed tough line with regard to the South African government and their military actions in southern Africa. Nigeria and Organisation for African Unity (OAU, now the African Union), has tremendous influence in West Africa nations and Africa on the whole. Nigeria has additionally founded regional cooperative efforts in West Africa, functioning as standard-bearer for ECOWAS and ECOMOG, economic and military organisations, respectively.

Similarly, when civil war broke out in Angola after the country gained independence from Portugal in 1975, Nigeria mobilised its diplomatic influence in Africa in support of the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA). That support helped tip the balance in their favour, which led to OAU recognition of the MPLA over the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola.

Nigeria extended diplomatic support to another cause, Sam Nujoma's Southwest Africa People's Organization in Namibia, to stall the apartheid South African-installed government there. In 1977, the new General Olusegun Obasanjo's military regime donated $20 million to the Zimbabwean movement against the apartheid government of Rhodesia. Nigeria also sent military equipment to Mozambique to help the newly independent country suppress the South African-backed Mozambican National Resistance guerrillas. Nigeria also provided some military training at the Kaduna first mechanised army division and other material support to Joshua Nkomo and Robert Mugabe's guerrilla forces during the Zimbabwe War in 1979 against the white minority rule of Prime Minister Ian Douglas Smith, which was backed by the apartheid -government of South Africa.

Due to mismanagement of its economy and technology, Nigeria announced that it was launching a nuclear programme of "unlimited scope" of its own but failed. After the Nigerian Independence in 1960, Nigeria demonstrated its seriousness in improving the economy for the people and embarked on nationalizing some multi-national companies that traded with and broke the economic/trade embargo of the apartheid South African regime, the local operations of Barclays Bank was nationalised after that bank ignored the strong protests by the Nigeria populace.

Nigeria also nationalised the British Petroleum (BP) for supplying oil to South Africa. In 1982, the Alhaji Shehu Shagari government urged the visiting Pontiff Pope John Paul II to grant audience to the leaders of Southern Africa guerrilla organisations Oliver Tambo of the ANC and Sam Nujoma of SWAPO. In December 1983, the new Major General Muhammadu Buhari regime announced that Nigeria could no longer afford an apartheid government in Africa.

Nigeria and West Africa
In pursuing the goal of regional economic cooperation and development, Nigeria helped create ECOWAS, which seeks to harmonise trade and investment practices for its 16 West African member countries and ultimately to achieve a full customs union. Nigeria also has taken the lead in articulating the views of developing nations on the need for modification of the existing international economic order.

Nigeria has played a central role in the ECOWAS efforts to end the civil war in Liberia and contributed the bulk of the ECOWAS peacekeeping forces sent there in 1990. Nigeria also has provided the bulk of troops for ECOMOG forces in Sierra Leone.

Nigeria has enjoyed generally good relations with its immediate neighbours.

Nigeria and International Organisations
Nigeria is a member of the following organizations:

African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States
African Development Bank
African Union
Commission on Science and Technology for Sustainable Development in the South
Commonwealth of Nations
Economic Community of West African States
Food and Agriculture Organization
Group of 15
Group of 24
Group of 77
International Atomic Energy Agency
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
International Chamber of Commerce
International Civil Aviation Organization
International Criminal Court
International Development Association
International Finance Corporation
International Fund for Agricultural Development
International Hydrographic Organization
International Labour Organization
International Monetary Fund
International Maritime Organization
International Mobile Satellite Organization
International Olympic Committee
International Organization for Standardization
International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
International Telecommunication Union
Non-Aligned Movement
Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
Organization of Islamic Cooperation
Permanent Court of Arbitration
United Nations
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
United Nations Economic Commission for Africa
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
United Nations Industrial Development Organization
United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission
United Nations Institute for Training and Research
United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo
United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara
United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina
United Nations Mission of Observers in Prevlaka
United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan
United Nations University
Universal Postal Union
World Confederation of Labour
World Customs Organization
World Federation of Trade Unions
World Health Organization
World Intellectual Property Organization
World Meteorological Organization
World Tourism Organization
World Trade Organization
The Babangida regime joined the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC, now the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation), though President Obasanjo has indicated he might reconsider Nigeria's membership.comments are being made for Nigeria to establish more bilateral relations

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
Algeria has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Algiers.
Angola See Angola–Nigeria relations
Angolan-Nigerian relations are primarily based on their roles as oil exporting nations. Both are members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, the African Union and other multilateral organizations.

The President of Nigeria, Muhammadu Buhari, sent a message to his Angolan counterpart, José Eduardo dos Santos, in which he manifested his interest in keeping and strengthening the excellent relations that exist between both countries, aiming at generating better benefits for the two peoples.

Angola has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Luanda.
Benin has an embassy in Abuja and a consulate-general in Lagos.
Nigeria has an embassy in Cotonou.
Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Ouagadougou.
Cameroon See Cameroon-Nigeria relations
A long-standing border dispute with Cameroon over the potentially oil-rich Bakassi Peninsula was resolved by a 2002 decision by the International Court of Justice which granted Cameroon ownership of the region and the 2006 signing of the Greentree Agreement which led to the withdrawal of Nigerian troops from Bakassi in 2008 and complete administrative control being taken over by Cameroon in August 2013.[1] Nigeria released about 150 Cameroonian prisoners of war in late 1998.

Cameroon has a high commission in Abuja and a consulate-general in Calabar.
Nigeria has a high commission in Yaoundé, a consulate-general in Douala and a consulate in Buea.
Chad See Chad–Nigeria relations
Nigeria's 1983 economic austerity campaign produced strains with neighbouring states, including Chad. Nigeria expelled several hundred thousand foreign workers, mostly from its oil industry, which faced drastic cuts as a result of declining world oil prices. At least 30,000 of those expelled were Chadians. Despite these strains, however, Nigerians had assisted in the halting process of achieving stability in Chad, and both nations reaffirmed their intention to maintain close ties.

Chad has an embassy in Abuja and a consulate in Maiduguri.
Nigeria has an embassy in N'Djamena.
Central African Republic
Central African Republic has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Bangui.
Côte d'Ivoire
Côte d'Ivoire has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Abidjan.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
DR Congo has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Kinshasa.
Egypt has an embassy in Abuja and a consulate-general in Lagos.
Nigeria has an embassy in Cairo.
Ethiopia has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Addis Ababa.
Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea has an embassy in Abuja and consulates in Calabar and Lagos.
Nigeria has an embassy in Malabo and a consulate in Bata.
Gabon has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Libreville.
Ghana See Ghana–Nigeria relations
Ghana Nigerian relations have been both bitter and sweet. In 1969 numerous Nigerians were deported from Ghana. Relations in the 1970s were good. Ghana-Nigeria relations began on a sour note in the early period of PNDC rule. Tension rose immediately after the PNDC deposed Limann in 1981. In protest, Nigeria refused to continue much-needed oil supplies to Ghana. At the time, Ghana owed Nigeria about US$150 million for crude oil supplies and depended on Nigeria for about 90 percent of its petroleum needs. Nigeria's expulsion of more than 1 million Ghanaian immigrants in early 1983, when Ghana was facing severe drought and economic problems, and of another 300,000 in early 1985 on short notice, further strained relations between the two countries.[2]

In April 1988, a joint commission for cooperation was established between Ghana and Nigeria. A bloodless coup in August 1985 had brought Major General Ibrahim Babangida to power in Nigeria, and Rawlings took advantage of the change of administration to pay an official visit. The two leaders discussed a wide range of issues focusing on peace and prosperity within West Africa, bilateral trade, and the transition to democracy in both countries. In early January 1989, Babangida reciprocated with an official visit to Ghana, which the PNDC hailed as a watershed in Ghana-Nigeria relations.[2]

Subsequent setbacks that Babangida initiated in the democratic transition process in Nigeria clearly disappointed Accra. Nonetheless, the political crisis that followed Babangida's annulment of the results of the June 1993 Nigerian presidential election and Babangida's resignation from the army and presidency two months later did not significantly alter the existing close relations between Ghana and Nigeria, two of the most important members of ECOWAS and the Commonwealth of Nations. After the takeover in November 1993 by General Sani Abacha as the new Nigerian head of state, Ghana and Nigeria continued to consult on economic, political, and security issues affecting the two countries and West Africa as a whole. Between early August 1994 when Rawlings became ECOWAS chairman and the end of the following October, the Ghanaian president visited Nigeria three times to discuss the peace process in Liberia and measures to restore democracy in that country.[2]

Nigeria and Ghana today have a close relationship, and they collaborate on various issues. Ghana and Nigeria are both Commonwealth republics.

Ghana has a high commission in Abuja and a consulate-general in Lagos.
Nigeria has a high commission in Accra.
Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Guinea has an embassy in Abuja and a consulate in Lagos.
Nigeria has an embassy in Conakry.
Kenya See Kenya–Nigeria relations
Kenya has a high commission in Abuja.
Nigeria has a high commission in Nairobi.
Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Nigeria recalled its ambassador, Isa Aliyu Mohammed, to Libya on 18 March 2010.[3] The recall was in responses to a suggestion by Libyan leader, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, that Nigeria should separate into a Muslim northern state and a Christian southern state. [4] Gaddaffi had made the suggestion in light of recent violence between the rival religions in Nigeria which had resulted in hundreds of deaths.[4] In addition Gaddaffi had praised the Partition of India, which resulted in the deaths of hundreds of thousands of people, as the kind of model that Nigeria should follow.[4]

The Nigerian foreign ministry stated that it was recalling Mohammed for "urgent negotiations" due to the "irresponsible utterances of Colonel Gaddafi".[4] The Nigerian National Assembly has requested that the government ask the United Nations to prohibit Gaddaffi from calling for the division of Nigeria.[3] The National Assembly also passed a motion urging the government to order an African Union investigation into whether Libya was attempting to destabilise the country through "infiltrators".[5]

Libya has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Tripoli.
Madagascar is accredited to Nigeria from its embassy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Nigeria is accredited to Madagascar from its high commission in Maputo, Mozambique.
Malawi See Malawi–Nigeria relations
Malawi is accredited to Nigeria from its embassy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Nigeria has a high commission in Lilongwe.
Mali has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Bamako.
Morocco has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Rabat.
Namibia has a high commission in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Windhoek.
Niger See Niger–Nigeria relations
Nigeria maintains close relations with the Republic of Niger, in part because both nations share a large Hausa minority on each side of their 1500 km border. Hausa language and cultural ties are strong, but there is little interest in a pan-Hausa state.[6] The two nations formed the Nigeria-Niger Joint Commission for Cooperation (NNJC), established in March, 1971 with its Permanent Secretariat in Niamey, Niger.[7]

Niger has an embassy in Abuja and a consulate-general in Kano.
Nigeria has an embassy in Niamey.
São Tomé and Príncipe
Nigeria has an embassy in São Tomé.
São Tomé and Príncipe has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Dakar.
Senegal has an embassy in Abuja.
South Africa See Nigeria–South Africa relations
Nigeria has a high commission in Pretoria and a consulate-general in Johannesburg.
South Africa has a high commission in Abuja and a consulate-general in Lagos.
Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Nigeria has an embassy in Khartoum.
Sudan has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has a high commission in Dar-es-Salaam.
Tanzania has a high commission in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Lomé.
Togo has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Harare.
Zimbabwe has an embassy in Abuja.
Country Formal Relations Began Notes
Argentina has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Buenos Aires.
Barbados 24 April 1970 See Barbados–Nigeria relations
Formal relations between Nigeria and Barbados started in 1970-04-24.[8]
Nigeria is accredited to Barbados from its high commission in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago.
Currently the Barbadian Government does not have foreign accreditation for Nigeria, however the Nigerian Government has said that it was highly desirous of Barbados establishing an embassy directly to Nigeria.[9]
In 2006 the Governor Otunba Gbenga Daniel of the Nigerian state of Ogun announced that Barbadians would be given free land if they wished to move to Nigeria.[10] Nigeria has pushed for more investment from Barbadian companies and investors and the in 2008 for the establishment of direct flights between both nations.[11][12]

Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Belize 19 April 1982
Both countries established diplomatic relations on April 19, 1982.[13]
Both countries are full members of Commonwealth of Nations.
Brazil See Brazil–Nigeria relations
Bilateral relations between Nigeria and Brazil focus primarily upon trade and culture, the largest country in Latin America by size, and the largest country in Africa by population are remotely bordered across from one another by the Atlantic Ocean. Brazil and Nigeria for centuries, have enjoyed a warmly friendly, and strong relationship on the bases of culture (seeing as many Afro-Brazilians trace their ancestry to Nigeria,) and commercial trade.

Brazil has an embassy in Abuja and a consulate-general in Lagos.
Nigeria has an embassy in Brasília.
Canada 1960
Date started: 1960
Canada has a high commission in Abuja and a deputy high commission on Lagos.[14]
Nigeria has a high commission in Ottawa.[15]
Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Canadian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Trade about relations with Nigeria
Cuba has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Havana.
Ecuador has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria is accredited to Ecuador from its embassy in Caracas, Venezuela.
Guyana 27 June 1970
Both countries established diplomatic relations on June 27, 1970.[16]
Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Jamaica has a high commission in Abuja.
Nigeria has a high commission in Kingston.
Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Mexico 14 April 1976 See Mexico–Nigeria relations
Mexico has an embassy in Abuja.[17]
Nigeria has an embassy in Mexico City.[18]
Trinidad and Tobago
Nigeria has a high commission in Port of Spain.
Trinidad and Tobago has a high commission in Abuja.
Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
United States See Nigeria–United States relations
After the June 12, 1993, Nigerian presidential election was annulled, and in light of human rights abuses and the failure to embark on a meaningful democratic transition, the United States imposed numerous sanctions on Nigeria. These sanctions included the imposition of Section 212(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act to refuse entry into the United States of senior government officials and others who formulated, implemented, or benefited from policies impeding Nigeria's transition to democracy; suspension of all military assistance; and a ban on the sale and repair of military goods and refinery services to Nigeria. The U.S. Ambassador was recalled for consultations for four months after the execution of the Ogoni Nine on November 10, 1995.

After a period of increasingly strained relations, the death of General Abacha in June 1998 and his replacement by General Abubakar opened a new phase of improved bilateral relations. As the transition to democracy progressed, the removal of visa restrictions, increased high-level visits of U.S. officials, discussions of future assistance, and the granting of a Vital National Interest Certification on counter-narcotics, effective in March 1999, paved the way for re-establishment of closer ties between the United States and Nigeria, as a key partner in the region and the continent. Since the inauguration of the democratically elected Obasanjo government, the bilateral relationship has continued to improve, and cooperation on many important foreign policy goals, such as regional peacekeeping, has been good.

The government has lent strong diplomatic support to the U.S. Government counter-terrorism efforts in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks. The Government of Nigeria, in its official statements, has both condemned the terrorist attacks as well as supported military action against the Taliban and Al-Qaeda. Nigeria also has played a leading role in forging an anti-terrorism consensus among states in Sub-Saharan Africa.

As a member of the International Criminal Court Nigeria signed a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the US military (as covered under Article 9. A comprehensive passage is updated.

Nigeria has an embassy in Washington, D.C. and consulates-general in Atlanta and New York City.[19]
United States has an embassy in Abuja and a consulate-general in Lagos.[20]
Both countries were former colonies of Great Britain
Uruguay See Nigeria–Uruguay relations
Nigeria is accredited to Uruguay from its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Uruguay is accredited to Nigeria from its embassy in Pretoria, South Africa.
Nigeria has an embassy in Caracas.
Venezuela has an embassy in Abuja.
Country Formal Relations Began Notes
Armenia 4 February 1993
Both countries established diplomatic relations on 4 February 1993.

Armenia does not have an accreditation to Nigeria.
Nigeria is accredited to Armenia from its embassy in Tehran, Iran.
Bangladesh 1972 See Bangladesh–Nigeria relations
Nigeria and Bangladesh established diplomatic relations in 1972, following the Bangladeshi war of independence from Pakistan. Both nations are members of the Commonwealth, the OIC and the Developing 8 Countries, and are identified as Next Eleven economies.

Bangladesh has a high commission in Abuja.
Nigeria has a high commission in Dhaka.
China 10 February 1971 See China–Nigeria relations
Nigeria and the People's Republic of China established formal diplomatic relations on February 10, 1971.[21][22] Relations between the two nations grew closer as a result of the international isolation and Western condemnation of Nigeria's military regimes (1970s-199. Nigeria has since become an important source of oil and petroleum for China's rapidly growing economy and Nigeria is looking to China for help in achieving high economic growth; China has provided extensive economic, military and political support.[23][24] In 2004 and again in 2006, Chinese President Hu Jintao made state visits to Nigeria and addressed a joint session of the National Assembly of Nigeria. Both nations signed a memorandum of understanding on establishing a strategic partnership.[25] China has supported Nigeria's bid for a seat in the U.N. Security Council.[21]

China has an embassy in Abuja and a consulate-general in Lagos.
Nigeria has an embassy in Beijing and consulates-general in Hong Kong and Shanghai.
India See India–Nigeria relations
The bilateral relations between the Republic of India and the Federal Republic of Nigeria have considerably expanded in recent years with both nations building strategic and commercial ties. Nigeria supplies 20% of India's crude oil needs and is India's largest trading partner in Africa.

India has a high commission in Abuja.
Nigeria has a high commission in New Delhi.
Indonesia See Indonesia–Nigeria relations
Indonesia has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Jakarta.
Iran has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Tehran.
Israel 1960 See Israel–Nigeria relations
Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1960. Between 1973 and 1992, diplomatic relations were severed. Since September 1992, bilateral relations are better.

Israel has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Tel Aviv.
Japan has an embassy in Abuja and a consulate-general in Lagos.
Nigeria has an embassy in Tokyo.
Lebanon has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Beirut.
Malaysia See Malaysia–Nigeria relations
Malaysia has a high commission in Abuja.
Nigeria has a high commission in Kuala Lumpur.
Pakistan See Nigeria–Pakistan relations

Defence attachés from Pakistan and Russia visit the communications tent at the Nigerian Air Force Base, Abuja, Nigeria, on July 21, 2008, during Africa Endeavour 2008.
The two states have maintained a close relationship, a relationship which is described by the Nigerian Defence Minister as "friendly" and like a "family tie"[26]

Nigeria has a high commission in Islamabad.
Pakistan has a high commission in Abuja.
Philippines See Nigeria–Philippines relations
Nigeria has an embassy in Manila.
Philippines has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Doha.
Qatar has an embassy in Abuja.
Saudi Arabia
Nigeria has an embassy in Riyadh and a consulate-general in Jeddah.
Saudi Arabia has an embassy in Abuja.
South Korea
Visits from the Republic of Korea to Nigeria: 1982 August President Chun Doo-hwan 1994 May Special Envoy of the President Roh Young-chan 1999 May Special Envoy of the President Choi Kwang-soo 2002 September Minister of Construction and Transportation Lim In-taek as a Special Envoy of the President 2006 March President Roh Moo-hyun 2007 May Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs Kim Ho-young 2007 July Minister of Construction and Transportation Lee Yong-seob 2007 December 2 Vice Minister of Commerce Industry and Energy 2009 May CEO of Korea National Oil Cooperation 2010 September Former Prime Minister 2011 May Special Envoy of the President.[27]

Nigeria has an embassy in Seoul.
South Korea has an embassy in Abuja.
Both countries are full members of the D–8. On September 22, 2017, Nigerian officials were scheduled to meet the Turkish ambassador after hundreds of rifles allegedly from Turkey made it to the country falsely labelled as plumbing materials. It was the fourth time in 2017 that Nigerian customs officers had intercepted illegal arms shipments from Turkey at the Nigerian ports.[28]

Nigeria has an embassy in Ankara.
Turkey has an embassy in Abuja.
United Arab Emirates
Nigeria has an embassy in Abu Dhabi.
United Arab Emirates has an embassy in Abuja.
Country Formal Relations Began Notes
Austria has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Vienna.
Belgium has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Brussels.
Czech Republic
Czech Republic has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Prague.
France has an embassy in Abuja and a consulate-general in Lagos.
Nigeria has an embassy in Paris.
Germany has an embassy in Abuja and a consulate-general in Lagos.
Nigeria has an embassy in Berlin and a consulate-general in Bonn.
Greece See Greece-Nigeria relations
Greece established a diplomatic mission in Nigeria in 1970. Trade between the two countries is imbalanced, with imports from Greece to Nigeria exceeding exports. Greek-owned tankers have an important role in shipping Nigerian oil and natural gas, its main exports. Recently a Greek tanker was involved a dispute over crude oil smuggling.[29] There is a small Greek business community in Lagos.[30]

Greece has an embassy in Abuja and a consulate-general in Lagos.
Nigeria has an embassy in Athens.
Ireland has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Dublin.
Italy has an embassy in Nigeria and a consulate in Lagos.
Nigeria has an embassy in Rome.
Hungary has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Budapest.
Netherlands has an embassy in Abuja and a consulate-general in Lagos.
Nigeria has an embassy in The Hague.
Nigeria has an embassy in Warsaw.
Poland has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Lisbon.
Portugal has an embassy in Abuja.
Russia See Nigeria–Russia relations
Nigeria has an embassy in Moscow.
Russia has an embassy in Abuja and a consulate-general in Lagos.
Nigeria has an embassy in Madrid.
Spain has an embassy in Abuja.
Nigeria has an embassy in Stockholm.
Sweden has an embassy in Abuja.
United Kingdom 1960
Nigeria, formerly a colony, gained independence from Britain in 1960. Since independence, Nigeria has maintained favourable relations with the UK.[31]

Nigeria has a high commission in London.[32]
United Kingdom has a high commission in Abuja and a deputy high commission in Lagos and liaison offices in Kaduna and Port Harcourt.[33]
Country Formal Relations Began Notes
Australia has a high commission in Abuja.
Nigeria has a high commission in Canberra.
Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
New Zealand
New Zealand is accredited to Nigeria from its embassy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Nigeria is accredited to New Zealand from its high commission in Canberra, Australia.
Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
International disputes
Delimitation of international boundaries in the vicinity of Lake Chad, the lack of which led to border incidents in the past, has been completed and awaits ratification by Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria; dispute with Cameroon over land and maritime boundaries around the Bakasi Peninsula is currently before the International Court of Justice; maritime boundary dispute with Equatorial Guinea because of disputed jurisdiction over oil-rich areas in the Gulf of Guinea.

Nigeria and the Commonwealth of Nations
The Federation of Nigeria became independent from the United Kingdom in 1960 with Queen Elizabeth II as Queen of Nigeria. Nigeria became a Commonwealth republic in 1963, when the Governor-General of Nigeria, Nnamdi Azikiwe became the first President of Nigeria.

Nigeria was suspended from the Commonwealth of Nations from 1995 until 1999, when its full membership was restored.

See also
Jaja Wachuku - First Nigerian Foreign Affairs Minister
List of diplomatic missions in Nigeria
List of diplomatic missions of Nigeria
Library of Congress, Cameroon; Nigeria: Bakassi Peninsula Transition Completed, Aug 13 2013,
Owusu, Maxwell. "Nigeria". A Country Study: Ghana (La Verle Berry, editor). Library of Congress Federal Research Division (November 1994). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.[1]
"Nigeria reacts over Ghaddafi's outbursts, recalls Ambassador to Libya". Xinhua. 19 March 2010. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
"Nigeria recalls Libya ambassador in Gaddafi row". BBC News. 18 March 2010. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
"Gaddafi comment sparks diplomatic row with Nigeria". Reuters. 19 March 2010. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
William F. S. Miles. Development, not division: local versus external perceptions of the Niger-Nigeria boundary. The Journal of Modern African Studies (2005), 43:2:297-320
"Closer ties with Nigeria". The Caribbean Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). Retrieved 2009-04-08.
Moore, Tracy (2006-09-15). "Free land for Bajans". Nation Newspaper. Archived from the original on 2006-10-23. Retrieved 2009-09-15.
"Nigeria wants direct flights to Barbados". The Caribbean Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). Archived from the original on 2016-03-10. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
"Nigerian cooperation". The Caribbean Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
Canadian high commission in Abuja
Nigerian high commission in Ottawa
Embassy of Mexico in Abuja (in English, French and Spanish)
Embassy of Nigeria in Mexico City
Embassy of Nigeria in Washington, D.C.
Embassy of the United States in Abuja
"China launches satellite for Nigeria". 2004-10-28. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
"Chinese, Nigerian presidents agree to promote strategic partnership". 2006-04-27. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
"Nigeria gets $1bn China rail loan". BBC News. 2006-05-22. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
"China and Nigeria agree oil deal". BBC News. 2006-04-26. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
Taylor, Ian (May 2007). "Sino-Nigerian Relations: FTZs, Textiles and Oil". China Brief - Jamestown Foundation. 7 (11). Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved 2008-06-22.
Nigeria, Turkey to meet over illegal arms shipments
"Row over tanker held in Nigeria". BBC News. 2008-11-30. Retrieved 2009-04-25.
"Nigeria". Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 2009-04-22.
Nigeria: Facts and figures
High Commission of Nigeria in London
High Commission of the United Kingdom in Abuja
Business / SAFARICOM BOARD appoints Michael Joseph as acting CEO effective immediately by Buchacha(m): Tue Jul 2019 10:07am
SAFARICOM BOARD appoints Michael Joseph as acting CEO effective immediately following the death of Bob Collymore.
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thats a great move
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Africa / Why do Nigerians hate/fear Kenyans so much? by Millie(f): Sat Jun 2019 01:42pm
I love you for this comment. ☺️☺️
Phones / Help!!! My Contacts Are Deleting On My Phone by Marshall(m): Sat Jun 2019 02:47pm
Yea the Best and safest way
Politics / Democrats slam Trump’s use of threats against ally, trade partner Mexico by Saocv(m): Thu Jun 2019 02:12pm
Democrats on Sunday slammed Donald Trump’s tactics of threatening punitive tariffs to extract concessions on immigration from Mexico, saying the US president was recklessly endangering ties to a major ally and trade partner.
“What the world is tired of, and what I am tired of, is a president who consistently goes to war, verbal war, with our allies,” Democratic Senator Bernie Sanders said on CNN’s ‘State of the Union’.
“We need a decent relationship with Mexico,” added Sanders, a candidate for his party’s presidential nomination in 2020. “We should not be confronting them every other day.”
His comments came two days after the US and Mexico, following urgent talks in Washington, reached a deal to avert the five-percent tariffs Trump had threatened on all imports from Mexico, a move economists said would have had devastating impact in both countries.
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wow thats great
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Business / LIPA NA M-PESA PAYBILL NUMBERS FOR BANKS IN KENYA by Marshall(m): Tue Jun 2019 11:01am
More than banks 🏦 in Nigeria 😆 🇳🇬....
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Africa / Sudan generals have to accept civilian rule by Metumi(m): Fri Jun 2019 06:38pm
Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed went there for mediation talks, what was the outcome?
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Career / Top 300 jobs in Kenya according salary: Best Paying Careers Guide by Kenyans247(m): Wed Jun 2019 08:31pm
There are various factors that determine the choice of degree course to pursue but the most important of all is the amount of salary that one will earn. The higher the amount of salary a job attracts the more competitive the degree course that leads to the job becomes.

However, there are other key factors that determine degree choice apart from salary like passion, aptitude and interest. There are also those degree programmes that have limited number of vacancies in the job market yet many students flock to do them. Why? This is an article of another day.

It should however be noted that your choice of degree course is not a guarantee of success in life. It is all about how much time you invest in developing your brand. Everything you do each waking day contributes to your brand.

Below is a list of top 300 jobs in Kenya and their salaries.

Corporate Director-1,500,000 KES
Director of Accreditation-1,200,000 KES
Enterprise Architecture Manager-1,166,667 KES
Key Account Manager- 958,333 KE
Actuary (Insurance) -805,000 KES
Regional Director-800,000 KES
Loan Processor (Banking) – 740,000 KE
Director- 690,000 KES
Senior Consultant (Telecommunication) -650,000 KES
Financial Director (Accounting and Finance)-636,667 KE
Executive Director – 552,778 KES
Chief Financial Officer (CFO) – 545,500 KES
Compensation and Benefits Manager- 500,000 KES
Senior Project Manager – 500,000 KES
Senior Lecturer – 500,000 KES
Engineer (Construction / Building / Installation) 500,000 KES
Account Manager – 500,000 KES
County Managers – 459,310 KES
Environmental and Agricultural Scientists – 450,000 KES
Program Manager – 435,000 KES
Telecommunications Manager (Telecommunication) -432,480 KES
Regional Director of Operations (Health and Medical) 417,000 KES

National Sales Manager (Sales Retail and Wholesale) 415,667 KES
Chief Executive Officer (Executive and Management) 415,000 KES
Senior Associate (Accounting and Finance) 400,000 KES
Managing Director (Executive and Management) 400,000 KES
Pilot (Airlines ) – 400,000 KES
Product / Brand Manager ( Event Management) – 400,000 KES
Banking Operations Department Manager (Banking) 395,000 KES
Electrical Engineering Manager (Electrical and Electronics Trades) 380,000 KES
Business Process Consultant (Information Technology) 375,000 KES
Warehouse Manager (Purchasing and Inventory) 350,000 KES
Assistant Director (Teaching / Education) 350,000 KES
General Manager (Executive and Management) 348,136 KES
Development Manager (Information Technology) 342,857 KES
Market Development Manager (Marketing) 336,667 KES
Regional Sales Manager (Sales Retail and Wholesale) 333,600 KES
Private Banker (Banking) 332,500 KES
Network Specialist (Information Technology) 330,000 KES
Regional Manager (Banking) 325,000 KES
Chief Operating Officer (Executive and Management) 322,083 KES
Customer Experience Manager (Customer Service and Call Center) 322,000 KES
Deputy General Manager (Executive and Management) 320,000 KES
ERP / CRM – Technical Consultant (Information Technology) 312,500 KES
Operations Manager (Executive and Management) 301,000 KES
Project Manager (Telecommunication) 300,000 KES
Financial Manager (Accounting and Finance) 299,944 KES
Senior Marketing Consultant (Marketing) 296,000 KES
Product Marketing Manager (Marketing) 293,333 KES
Accounting Manager (Accounting and Finance) 284,019 KES
Public Relations Manager (Public Relations) 277,000 KES
Auditing Manager (Accounting and Finance) 266,302 KES
Systems Architect (Information Technology) 262,500 KES
Project Engineer (Engineering) 258,667 KES
Business Development Manager (Business Planning) 255,857 KES
Account Manager (Sales Retail and Wholesale) 255,000 KES
Electrical Engineering Manager (Engineering) 250,000 KES
Tax Manager (Accounting and Finance) 250,000 KES
Technical Manager (Information Technology) 250,000 KES
Senior Insurance Underwriter (Insurance) 250,000 KES
Director of Communications (Public Relations) 250,000 KES
Fundraiser (Fundraising and Non Profit) 250,000 KES
Branch Manager (Sales Retail and Wholesale) 240,000 KES
Controller (Accounting and Finance) 240,000 KES
Area Manager (Sales Retail and Wholesale) 239,551 KES
Market Research Manager (Marketing) 235,222 KES
Voice Communications Manager (Telecommunication) 230,000 KES
Advertising Sales Director (Advertising) – 225,000 KES
Accounts Payable Manager (Accounting and Finance) 225,000 KES
Manufacturing Manager (Factory and Manufacturing) 221,667 KES
Production Manager (Engineering) 220,000 KES
Marketing Manager (Marketing) 218,250 KES
Security Manager (Law Enforcement / Security / Fire) 215,333 KES
Enterprise Infrastructure Manager (Information Technology) 212,000 KES
IT Manager (Information Technology) 211,571 KES
Branch Manager (Executive and Management) 210,000 KES
Hotel Manager (Food /Hospitality / Tourism / Catering) 210,000 KES
Engineer (Engineering) 210,000 KES
Director of Application Development (Information Technology) 209,000 KES
Legal Services Manager (Legal) 207,000 KES
Logistics Manager (Executive and Management) 206,000 KES
Software Engineer (Information Technology) 205,100 KES
Sales Manager (Sales Retail and Wholesale) 202,690 KES
Warehouse Supervisor (Purchasing and Inventory) 201,000 KES
Maintenance Manager (Factory and Manufacturing) 200,000 KES
Surgeon – Orthopedic (Health and Medical) 200,000 KES
Assistant Operations Manager (Executive and Management) 200,000 KES
Consultant (Human Resources) 200,000 KES
Loan Branch Manager (Banking) 200,000 KES
Claims Manager (Insurance) 200,000 KES
Drier Offsider (Oil / Gas / Energy / Mining) 200,000 KES
Loan Business Development Officer (Banking) 199,932 KES
Quantity Surveyors (Construction / Building / Installation) 199,400 KES

Quality Assurance Manager (Quality Control and Compliance) 196,542 KES
Project Manager (Information Technology) 185,893 KES
Project Manager (Executive and Management) 183,444 KES
Project Manager (Business Planning) 182,000 KES
Project Control Manager (Executive and Management) 180,000 KES
Pediatrician (Health and Medical) 180,000 KES
Financial Analyst (Accounting and Finance) 177,333 KES
Assistant Property Manager (Real Estate) 175,000 KES
Database Administrator (Information Technology) 175,000 KES
Business Systems Analyst (Information Technology) 170,000 KES
Biomedical Engineer (Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology) 170,000 KES
Medical Administrator (Health and Medical) 170,000 KES
Project Leader (Information Technology) 165,000 KES
Call Centre Manager (Customer Service and Call Center) 165,000 KES
Organizational Development Manager (Human Resources) 160,000 KES
General Medical Practitioner (Health and Medical) 158,500 KES
Fundraising Manager (Fundraising and Non Profit) 157,833 KES
Network Engineering Manager (Information Technology) 155,000 KES
Financial Controller (Accounting and Finance) 153,111 KES
Art Director (Advertising / Grapic Design / Event Management) 150,000 KES
Clinical Research Associate (Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology) 150,000 KES
Internal Compliance Officer (Quality Control and Compliance) 150,000 KES
Assistant Marketing Manager (Marketing) 150,000 KES
Meetings Coordinator (Public Relations) 150,000 KES
Management Consultant (Executive and Management) 150,000 KES
Fraud Prevention Manager (Accounting and Finance) 150,000 KES
Secretary ( Executive ) (Administration / Reception / Secretarial) 148,000 KES
Civil Engineer (Engineering) 147,146 KES
Media Production Manager (Media ) 147,000 KES
Construction Project Manager (Construction / Building / Installation) 145,000 KES
Deputy Director (Executive and Management) 143,333 KES
Aviation Manager (Airlines / Aviation / Aerospace / Defense) 143,000 KES
Senior Accountant (Accounting and Finance) 141,926 KES
Special Education Teacher (Teaching / Education) 140,000 KES
Editor (Publishing and Printing) 140,000 KES
Quality Assurance Engineer (Engineering) 140,000 KES
Supply Operations Manager (Oil / Gas / Energy / Mining) 140,000 KES
Production Manager (Factory and Manufacturing) 138,801 KES
Finance Executive (Accounting and Finance) 137,000 KES
Delivery Manager (Information Technology) 135,000 KES
Developer / Programmer (General) (Information Technology) 133,667 KES
Equipment Engineering Manager (Engineering) 133,333 KES
Auditor ( internal ) (Accounting and Finance) 132,884 KES
Human Resources Manager (Human Resources) 130,022 KES
Physician – Emergency Room (Health and Medical) 130,000 KES
Professor – Nursing (Teaching / Education) 128,000 KES
Systems Analyst (Information Technology) 125,000 KES
Office Manager (Administration / Reception / Secretarial) 123,200 KES
Restaurant Manager (Food /Hospitality / Tourism / Catering) 120,000 KES
Team Leader (Oil / Gas / Energy / Mining) 120,000 KES
Statistician (Science and Technical Services) 118,667 KES
Financial Assistant (Accounting and Finance) 117,667 KES
Drilling Engineer (Engineering) 116,333 KES
Relationship Manager (Banking) 116,250 KES
Media Relations Specialist (Public Relations) 114,667 KES
Architect (Architecture) 114,513 KES
Telecommunications Engineer (Telecommunication) 113,750 KES
Purchasing Manager (Purchasing and Inventory) 109,000 KES
Customer Service Manager (Customer Service and Call Center) 107,667 KES
Risk Analyst (Insurance) 106,500 KES
Area Manager (Executive and Management) 105,000 KES
Business Analyst (Business Planning) 105,000 KES
Electrical Engineer (Engineering) 102,600 KES
NT Systems Administrator (Information Technology) 102,500 KES
Development Coordinator (Fundraising and Non Profit) 102,500 KES
Internal Auditor (Banking) 101,000 KES
Security Manager (Information Technology) 100,000 KES
Product Manager (Marketing) 100,000 KES
Architectural Manager (Architecture) 100,000 KES
Network Administrator (Information Technology) 100,000 KES
Information Services Consultant (Information Technology) 100,000 KES
IT Service Management Architect (Information Technology) 100,000 KES
Field Engineer (Engineering) 100,000 KES
Clerk (Import and Export) 100,000 KES
Customer Service Executive (Customer Service and Call Center) 96,000 KES

Chief Accountant (Accounting and Finance) 92,000 KES
Quality Control Analyst (Quality Control and Compliance) 90,500 KES
HR Generalist (Human Resources) 90,000 KES
Project Manager (Construction / Building / Installation) 90,000 KES
Business Development Associate (Business Planning) 90,000 KES
Landscape Architect (Architecture) 90,000 KES
Area Sales Manager (Sales Retail and Wholesale) 90,000 KES
Computer Teacher (Teaching / Education) 90,000 KES
Administrative Manager (Administration / Reception / Secretarial) 88,060 KES
Facilities Manager (Facilities / Maintenance / Repair) 88,000 KES
Chef ( Executive ) (Food /Hospitality / Tourism / Catering) 87,400 KES
System Administrator (Information Technology) 87,000 KES
Events / Promotions Manager (Advertising / Grapic Design / Event Management) 85000 KES
Insurance Underwriter (Insurance) 83,500 KES
Marketing Advisor (Marketing) 82,958 KES
Credit Manager (Accounting and Finance) 82,500 KES
Assistant to CEO (Executive and Management) 82,500 KES
Design Engineer (Engineering) 80,288 KES
Procurement Administrator (Purchasing and Inventory) 80,000 KES
Commercial Real Estate Manager (Real Estate) 80,000 KES
Loan Collector (Banking) 75,000 KES
Internal Audit Manager (Banking) 75,000 KES
Sales Support Manager (Information Technology) 75,000 KES
Risk Manager (Insurance) 75,000 KES
Human Resources Assistant Manager (Human Resources) 74,167 KES
Senior Application Consultant (Information Technology) 74,000 KES
Human Resources (HR) Officer (Human Resources) 73,988 KES
Sales and Marketing Assistant (Marketing) 73,000 KES
Production Engineering Supervisor (Factory and Manufacturing) 72,333 KES

Process Engineer (Engineering) 71,000 KES
Sales Representative (Sales Retail and Wholesale) 70,000 KES
Trade Marketing Executive (Marketing) 70,000 KES
Financial Accountant (Accounting and Finance) 69,984 KES
Marketing Executive (Marketing) 69,800 KES
Foundation Director (Fundraising and Non Profit) 69,500 KES
Government Affairs Representative (Government and Defence) 69,000 KES
Insurance Analyst (Insurance) 68,500 KES
Assistant Manager (Banking) 68,333 KES
Marketing Assistant (Marketing) 67,333 KES
Keyboard and Data Entry Operators (Secretarial) 67,000 KES
Maintenance Engineer (Engineering) 66,500 KES
Business Analyst (Information Technology) 66,000 KES
Import Logistics Specialist (Import and Export) 65,860 KES
Physiotherapists (Health and Medical) 65,000 KES
Human Resources Administrator (Human Resources) 64,950 KES
Operations Assistant (Executive and Management) 61,000 KES
Communications Specialist (Public Relations) 61,000 KES
Chartered Accountant (Accounting and Finance) 60,577 KES
Accountant (Accounting and Finance) 60,085 KES
Cash Management Officer (Accounting and Finance) 60,000 KES
Credit and Collections Manager (Banking) 60,000 KES
Director of Graphic Design ( Grapic Design) 60,000 KES
Call Center Quality Analyst (Customer Service and Call Center) 60,000 KES
Sales Engineer (Telecommunication) 60,000 KES
Civil Engineer (Construction / Building / Installation) 60,000 KES
Investment Analyst (Accounting and Finance) 60,000 KES
Financial Reporting Consultant (Accounting and Finance) 60,000 KES
Call Center Representative (Customer Service and Call Center) 59,000 KES
Personal Banker (Banking) 58,000 KES
Security Officer (Law Enforcement / Security / Fire) 58,000 KES
Credit Analyst (Banking) 57,500 KES
Credit and Loans Officers (Accounting and Finance) 57,000 KES
Business Advisor (Business Planning) 55,000 KES
Personal Assistant (Administration / Reception / Secretarial) 54,500 KES
Conference Services Manager (Food /Hospitality ) 54,500 KES
Customer Service Officer (Customer Service and Call Center) 54,333 KES
Auditor ( external ) (Accounting and Finance) 53,333 KES
Maintenance Electrician (Electrical and Electronics Trades) 53,000 KES
Customer Service Team Leader (Customer Service and Call Center) 52,792 KES

Sales Support Manager (Sales Retail and Wholesale) 52,750 KES
Computer Operator (Information Technology) 52,500 KES
Web Developer (Information Technology) 52,500 KES
Sales Promotion Manager (Event Management) 50,000 KES
Business Development (Business Planning) 50,000 KES
Legal Advisor (Legal) 50,000 KES
Electrical Service Technician (Electrical and Electronics Trades) 50,000 KES
Loan Quality Assurance Manager (Banking) 50,000 KES
Environmental Specialist (Environmental) 50,000 KES
PHP Developer (Information Technology) 50,000 KES
Database Administration Manager (Information Technology) 50,000 KES
Art Supervisor (Publishing and Printing) 50,000 KES
Business Development Officer (Banking) 50,000 KES
Network Engineer (Information Technology) 50,000 KES
Graphic Designer (Advertising / Grapic Design / Event Management) 50,000 KES
C++ Developer (Information Technology) 50,000 KES
Creative Director (Advertising / Grapic Design / Event Management) 50,000 KES
Product Development (Marketing) 47,500 KES
Teller (Banking) 45,444 KES
Account Handler (Marketing) 45,000 KES
CopyWriter (Advertising / Grapic Design / Event Management) 45,000 KES
Executive Assistant (Administration / Reception / Secretarial) 44,667 KES
IT Support (Information Technology) 43,600 KES
Sales Executive (Sales Retail and Wholesale) 43,500 KES
Relationship Officer (Banking) 43,000 KES
Security Analyst (Information Technology) 43,000 KES
Windows System Administrator (Information Technology) 42,000 KES
Accounting Assistant (Accounting and Finance) 40,261 KES
Public Relations Specialist (Public Relations) 40,000 KES
Meeting / Event Assistant (Administration / Reception / Secretarial) 40,000 KES
Management Accountant (Accounting and Finance) 40,000 KES
Specifications Writer (Architecture) 40,000 KES
Auto Parts Manager (Automotive) 40,000 KES
Communications Officer (Marketing) 40,000 KES
Warehouse Manager (Construction / Building / Installation) 40,000 KES
Clerk (Banking) 40,000 KES
Pharmacist (Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology) 40,000 KES
Nurse Midwife (Health and Medical) 40,000 KES
Systems Consultant (Information Technology) 39,000 KES
Accounts Payable Clerk (Accounting and Finance) 38,667 KES
Administrative Assistant (Administration / Reception / Secretarial) 37,739 KES
Accounts Payable and Receivable Specialist (Accounting ) 37,000 KES
Help Desk Support (Information Technology) 36,500 KES
Interior Designer (Architecture) 36,000 KES
Office Coordinator (Administration / Reception / Secretarial) 35,500 KES
Data Entry Supervisor (Information Technology) 35,000 KES
Loan Clerk (Banking) 35,000 KES
Switchboard Operators (Administration / Reception / Secretarial) 35,000 KES

Junior Staff Accountant (Accounting and Finance) 34,929 KES
Secretary (Administration / Reception / Secretarial) 34,273 KES
Cook (Food /Hospitality / Tourism / Catering) 33,172 KES
Purchasing Assistant (Purchasing and Inventory) 32,513 KES
Research Assistant (Business Planning) 32,500 KE
Computer Technician (Information Technology) 32,333 KES
Communications Associate (Public Relations) 32,000 KES
Driver (Courier / Delivery / Transport / Drivers) 30,000 KES
Marketing Analyst (Marketing) 30,000 KES
Executive Human Capital Management (Human Resources) 30,000 KES
Electrician (Construction / Building / Installation) 30,000 KES
Production Engineer (Engineering) 30,000 KES
Architectural Drafter (Architecture) 30,000 KES
Payment Processing Clerk (Banking) 30,000 KES
Payroll Clerks (Accounting and Finance) 30,000 KES
NOTE: 1.) The Above salaries might be slightly higher or lower depending on the company one is working for or agreement with the employer. 2.) Some jobs which pay higher than indicated above are missing which means that the list is not exhaustive.
Do not miss to check our next post on top 100 degree courses in Kenya and the jobs they will lead you to. To ensure that you don’t miss our
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Nice let them pay
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Art, Graphics & Video / How To Start Making Money From Youtube - Simple Steps by Marshall(m): Wed Jun 2019 03:54pm
Nice one thank you for your concern...
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Phones / Nokia 8110 4G Accepts Whatsapp Now - AKA banana phone by Saocv(m): Mon Jun 2019 09:05pm
TechNews By

Nokia 8110 4G, affectionately known as the banana phone is getting one of the most popular applications released for it. Users of this KaiOS based phones will finally be able to WhatsApp using the enigmatic yellow phone.

It was announced during MWC 2018, the comeback of the Nokia 8110 4G certainly created some noise. Mostly targeted as a secondary phone, the 8110 appealed to an older crowd for nostalgic reasons.

However, the functionality of the 8110 4G was limited due to the lack of apps commonly found on iOS and Android platforms. This, could also be considered as a selling point for the banana phone, giving the hyper-connected user a break.

But WhatsApp is a key requirement for many- like phone calls and text messages. And those users can now put their main smartphone away during times they don’t want to be bombarded with data and carry on with the Nokia 8110.

Other apps already available on KaiOS include Google Maps, Facebook and Twitter. WhatsApp can be downloaded from the KaiOS store on your Nokia 8110. While text messaging and sending photos/videos works well with it, it currently does not support voice messaging or calls.

Read More:

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Read More:
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Homepage / How to start a gold transit business, the highs and the lows by Saocv(m): Sun May 2019 06:01am
Gold transportation is largely considered one of the best paying investments anyone might think of but at the same time we all know the very risky consequences that might be involved due to monitory worthiness attached to the rare commodity. As a beginner what are the steps and who are the who's to consult and is it worth the take. Lets share ideas on this...
True bro
Celebrities / Regina Daniels, Ned Nwoko Step Out Hand-In-Hand As They Fly Private Jet To Abuja by Saocv(m): Sat Jun 2019 10:51am
Regina Daniels and Husband Ned Nwoko leaving Asaba International As They head To Abuja After Induction ritual, children's day event and Traditional Wedding in Delta state With 3 Private Jet convoy

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Properties / Oil and Gas Mega Project Construction in Progress, Commissioning will Start Soon by Saocv(m): Sat Jun 2019 11:02am
*बहुमंजिला इमारतों में आग से बचने का सबसे सुरक्षित,किफायती तरीका जिससे सूरत जैसी घटनाओं से बचा जा सकता है। जिसकी कीमत लगभग 15-20 हजार रुपये आती होगी।इससे सेकड़ो लोगो की जान बच सकती है।*
*निवेदन इसे इतना फॉरवर्ड करे कि शासन सभी इमारतों में इसे अवश्याक कर देवे।और बेगुनाह बच सके।*
Romance / Man Visits His Friend’s Home And Meets His Girlfriend There In Lagos by Saocv(m): Sat Jun 2019 07:58am
With the way I live my life. If I ever get into a situation like this, I'd be hurt but nah!!! I'd not be surprised and just go about normally with my friend.

lessons I've learnt from past relationships
1. Don't ever believe she's loyal
2. Don't ever expect her to be
3. Don't invest your heart into the relationship
4. Expect nothing bright from the relationship unless it might possibly lead to marriage
5. Have your back up plan always ready!
6. Know she has a queue of guys and will readily reolace you if it profits her.

my eyes don see..... person no dey date now sef before him Bleep.
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Health / HOW TO TEST PREGNANCY USING SALT AND URINE by Marshall(m): Wed May 2019 09:16pm
Hmmm, hope is accurate information?
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Computers / Testing topic by Marshall(m): Mon May 2019 12:30pm
ernate accounts to access Kenyans247 after being banned. If you do, make sure we don't find out.
20. Complaints to or against moderators must be sent privately. Please don't disobey, disrespect, or defame them.
21. Please spell words corre

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Computers / Testing topic by Marshall(m): Mon May 2019 12:30pm
by advertising in the wrong places or posting the same content many times.
19. Don't use alternate accounts to access Kenyans247 after being banned. If you do, make sure we don't find out.
20. Complaints to or against moderators must

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Computers / Testing topic by Marshall(m): Mon May 2019 12:30pm
um by advertising in the wrong places or posting the same content many times.
19. Don't use alternate accounts to access Kenyans247 after being banned. If you do, make sure we don't find out.
20. Complaints to or against moderators must be sent privately. Please don't disobey, disrespect, or defame them.
21. Please spell words correctly when
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Health / How safe is your sukuma wiki? by Saocv(m): Sun May 2019 07:37pm
Kenya’s staple Vegas at risk
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Romance / SAMUEL ETO'O WRITES: "I met my wife when I was still an amateur footballer in France. by Marshall(m): Sat May 2019 12:21pm
ng banned. If you do, make sure we don't find out.
20. Complaints to or against moderator[color=#006600]s must be sent privately. Please don't di[/color]

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Programing / Kenyans247 Auto logout by Marshall(m): Sun May 2019 02:50pm
I would suggest the admin should disable auto logout. Not everyone likes entering password all the time.
This has been fixed sir
Programing / Kenyans247 looping single user view by Marshall(m): Sun May 2019 02:53pm
Ok sir, we will find solution it
/ Connect with buyers and farmers around you to sell your produce. by Marshall(m): Sat May 2019 07:01am
Are you a farmer? Visit here>>>>>>
Are you a farmer? Visit here>>>>>>
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Art, Graphics & Video / Youtube working now... by Marshall(m): Sun May 2019 12:26am
How to post video

copy and past only the last prefix of the video url after v=....... where is colored green

Art, Graphics & Video / Youtube working now... by Marshall(m): Sun May 2019 12:26am
How to post video

copy and past only the last prefix of the video url after v=....... where is colored green

Politics / LIES THE STANDARD HAS TOLD TO COVER RAILA IN FAKE GOLD SCAM! by Marshall(m): Mon May 2019 03:48pm
ng a fake CS?

5. If Raila purportedly caught Zaheer for putting a fake Matiang'i on loud speaker, why didn't Raila call the Real Matiang'i on loud speaker with his phone for Sheikh of Dubai to speak with him?

Politics / LIES THE STANDARD HAS TOLD TO COVER RAILA IN FAKE GOLD SCAM! by Marshall(m): Mon May 2019 03:48pm
ng a fake CS?

5. If Raila purportedly caught Zaheer for putting a fake Matiang'i on loud speaker, why didn't Raila call the Real Matiang'i on loud speaker with his phone for Sheikh of Dubai to speak with him?

6. If Uhuru played the Phone Call to IG Hillary Mutyambai and other security chiefs, why did DPP give police 7 days to investigate the phone call?

7. If Raila went to Dubai with Zaheer to strik
Politics / LIES THE STANDARD HAS TOLD TO COVER RAILA IN FAKE GOLD SCAM! by Marshall(m): Mon May 2019 03:48pm
Please do not post adverts in this section, to avoid being banned.
Romance / LADIES BEWARE YOU ARE THE CAUSE OF YOUR PROBLEMS!!! by Saocv(m): Sat May 2019 02:33pm
Dear Ladies Listen,before you say I did not tell you,women are like flowers,time and season,beware because some of you are the cause of your singleness.

Honestly some of you ladies are the cause of your problem.
A very nice guy comes to you with all the sincerity of his heart and wooed you; he expresses love and kindness to you, yet you rejected him; but why ?

You say he is not handsome, you say he has no money, he is not tall, blablabla. my dear you are not getter younger every day.
But when a player comes to woo you, you accept him because he told you sweet lies, he is handsome and good looking, pretending to be a nice guy.

You are more attracted to physical appearance and sweet words. You become carried away, you open your legs for him, he used you dumps you and shatters your heart into pieces. Now you are crying that men are wicked.

NOW WHO IS TO BLAME? Is it you, the lover of lies and flashy things or the guy? Many ladies have missed their Mr. Right because they are searching for a tall, handsome and rich man.

Except you change from this mentality, you will always be used and dumped and end up marrying a man who will be punching you and cheating on you.

Stop looking for ready made Man.

Stop looking for working class Man.

Stop looking for a guy from a royal family.

Stop saying he is not my type.

Stop saying iam waiting for my boyfriend abroad, some will not come back for you.

Stop looking for rich sugar daddy to date.

Stop dating married Men.

Stop double dating.

Stop sleeping around with different Men's.

Stop following Men online,some are fake.

Stop drinking and smoking

Stop living a fake and ungodly life.

Stop doing aborting and killing of unborn child

Please too many boyfriend is a risk.

If you ve been doing all this things stated above,please change and Look for a good man with a sincere heart,build your life together and settle down. Don't say I didn't tell you.Change

Enough is Enough beware,time is going,your mate are getting marry every weekend.

A word is Enough for the wise.
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Politics / Buyer beware by Saocv(m): Wed May 2019 08:09pm
Politics / Buyer beware by Saocv(m): Wed May 2019 08:09pm
kenyans247 IS SACCO LOAN CHEAPER THAN BANK LOAN???????having delt with both recently, allow me to throw my two cents, i humbly admit am not profesional financial advisor but a CPA dropout,,hehe.....
Lets see ,a week ago, a member of this group was in a dilema, she wanted a loan of ksh 300k ,her sacco was offering it at 12% while the bank 14%. Some people would say 14 na 12 gani kubwa mweny macho haambiwi tazama.
but lets go deeper, for you to qualify for a bank loan you need not a big bank balance, trust me you can borrow with 0.00 balance all you need is a cash flow statement,the stronger the better on the other hand, in sacco, you must have a shares, in most cases a third of money you want to borrow,,,,so in her case she had a 100k, one thing about sacco, once you borrow you savings are locked in away you can only access it soon after you are done serving the loan. In other word, wamekukopesha 200 yao na 100k yako. ,,,

allow me to say at that point, wamekukopesha 200 k ,but charged it 12% of 300k. So interest payable would be(assuming zinalipwa na 1 yr)= 36000.
While kwa bank 42000...
Lets go back, so unalipa 36k interest kwa sako, yet pesa yao wamekuipea ni 200k???? When you do cross multiplacation you will find, wamekupea hyo pesa na 18%,.. Yaani 200k *18/100= 36000.,,,

both bank and saccos have hidden charges, za bank they are bold to kata kata, when giving you loan, but saccos ni wakora, they spread it over the repayment period,you will get to understand it when you ask for statement, utasikia ledger fee per month, insurance per month etc.

...YES SACCOS ,bila kizungi mingi cat walks charge 18%,,,wenye mliiambiwa mambo ya reducing balnce, i dare you to take that loan, after repayment, take the statement ,i will provide calculater, utaachwa ukishangaa who regulates sacco,,, is a scam, at least for my sacco apa tu kilifi,,,,,

but uzuri wao wanakulanga panya pole pole wakikupuliza,, na sweet talk kama "dividends"..
Hahahahaa hii ndio imfungilia watu wa kwa sacco, unakopeshwa pesa yako mwenyewe, na unailipia,,,

,, watu wa dividends msinipige mawe, in banks pia kuna kitu inaitwa fixed account, it also earns interest p year, so in her case if the 100k in her sacco angepeleka fixed bank, bado angepata dividends end of year,,,,

am not campaigning for banks but, good thing about bank is, ukilipa pesa yao vizuuri next unapata a higher loan limit, their upper limit is not limited to saving you have unlike sacco you know it cannot rise above the shares can allow, th only good thing out of sacco is saving discipline, the ka feeling "nikimaliza kulipa loan yangu nitapata saving yangu iko". But the worst is when you want to withdraw it, unaambiwa "shares lazima uandike barua 1 month ama utafuta mtu umuuzie(though not all saccos)"

,,, ladies and gentle men, allow me to stand strong and authoritatively say, SACCO LOAN VS BANK LOAN.
Signed mungai wa rahafu
Art, Graphics & Video / Contact me for your professional Graphics Designs by Offpoint(m): Sat May 2019 11:07pm
Whatsapp line: +234 708 877 2858
Business / 5 Ways To Invest In Yourself and be a successful Kenyan by Saocv(m): Thu May 2019 10:47am
Date: May 14, 2019
Author: wealthscheme
— Edit

Interested in financially investing in something but do not really have enough means to do so (or you assume so)? Day-dreaming about yourself running businesses and investments while planning for that vacation you have always wanted with your family and friends? If you are, just like most of us, going to the office daily, working hard to get by paycheck-to-paycheck and only have enough savings for emergency funds, you’ve got a long way to go to achieve that dream of yours. But hey, it is possible! The word “investment” would have probably stunned you one way or another; it sounds like a hefty terminology used only by businessmen and entrepreneurs, doesn’t it? But it sure does sound pretty cool and upscale.

Investment is defined in many ways and understood in much more angles. It doesn’t have to be purely about money or cash, and doesn’t have to be immediately started in bonds or real estate either. You can start in small things, and with baby steps – you can start in YOU!

To invest is to commit in order to earn a financial return, that’s in accord with Merriam-Webster’s definition. Now according to Investopedia, an investment is an asset or item acquired with the goal of generating income or appreciation. Investment and related topics have been widely discussed nowadays, both online and offline, with the introduction of an increasing number of financial products and services that are connected to it, be it via banking, where it tackles a wide variety of services designed to assist individuals or businesses in increasing associated wealth, or through insurance products, which offer cash equivalents to policy holders depending on the type of the policy and are set with fairly high variations flexibly attracting more prospects.

It is essential to understand, however, that beyond its economic definition, investment means doing one thing now in anticipation of another thing or something better in the future. Beyond money or cash, investment can be in different forms, such as emotion, time, energy, attention, etc. Hence, in many ways, more than financial, YOU can invest in anything, especially in yourself.

Believe it or not, we tend to be hard on ourselves for not doing enough, not working hard enough, not reaching high enough, not accomplishing enough, not becoming better enough, and so on. For most of us, especially in recent generations, high personal expectations and self nitpicking have been hindering us from seeing the road ahead and paralyzing us from taking the next steps to achieve our goals – to be better, and help make the world better. For sure you want to be richer, but getting more money would only make sense if we’d be spending our wealth in a better place with our children and grand kids in the future.

And so aside from investing financially, you would definitely want to invest in yourself as well, to live longer and with enough energy to, again, live with a better version of yourself and see the world become better. But how do you actually invest in yourself? What would it cost you to start doing so?

Health is Wealth
As cliché as it can be, it still is not understood as much as it shall be. Staying healthy will help you keep moving and fully functioning for the achievement of your goals and for your family. When was the last time you actually had yourself checked by a physician, not counting the ones mandated by your employer or your new hire medical examination? Are you sure your vision is still 20/20? Are you still on schedule with your dentist? Explore new ways to enhance or secure your health – there are new sachet insurance products which can catch you when you fall from expenses, only when you need them the most at unbelievably low prices – do check them out. Take that vitamin you only take when you feel like you’d be under the weather the following day. Be more proactive when it comes to your own vitality.

Heart your Art
For sure your brain has somehow retained an art in you, in case you’re not actually an artist. What would you love to do if you do not have to work to earn money? What triggers your creativity and gives you mysteriously endless source of strength to keep you up all night just to finish an output of love and devotion? What would you love to do on a weekend if you have all the materials that you might need, say a canvass, paint brush, or maybe some kind of steel? While you may not believe that it’s never too late to do something you love, you don’t really have to just pour your one hundred percent attention to your art. You don’t even have to leave your job to be able to feel the excitement in finishing an artwork again, be it a painting, a sculpture, a sand art, a poem, or a mix or combination of any. Promise to take some time off per year to just let the creativity flow through your veins. It will certainly be worth your while and money. Share the energy you’ve gathered with the people around you to keep the vibe up all year round.

You Have Talent
Yes, you have a talent, and if you have not discovered it yet, then you may not have explored enough. There are more than sufficient YouTube videos to help you explore what you can do well, be it singing, dancing, writing, playing the piano, or even ballet, who knows? Same as pouring your heart out for your art, you certainly can express your thoughts through any of these skills as well. Take all the chance you can get in other venues in your life to showcase your talent – yup, join that group performance in your office event… it will be unforgettable!

for more info on this visit
Business / 5 Ways To Invest In Yourself and be a successful Kenyan by Offpoint(m): Thu May 2019 10:47am
For your professional Graphics designs, contact me and you'll be glad you did..+234 705 451 5809
Sports / It Will Be Difficult To Stay — Lichtsteiner Set To Leave Arsenal In Summer by Pirlo(m): Tue May 2019 10:35pm
He would have remained with the old ladies and retire well... Rafinha of Bayern Munich is a good example.
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Africa / African maids in Kuwait cry out and beg the government to deport them back by MILITIA(f): Fri May 2019 03:09pm
Why do African ladies still go to the Middle East to work as maids?
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Family / Photo of the day 3 set of twin Brothers and their only sister by Marshall(m): Wed May 2019 05:01am
Photo of the day
3 set of twin Brothers and their only sister, imagine when someone made her Cry?
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/ The Good Old Nokia days nokia classic phones by Sande(m): Tue May 2019 11:35pm
Those were the days
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Art, Graphics & Video / Youtube working now... by Marshall(m): Sun May 2019 12:26am
Looks great
Romance / LADIES to avoid when considering marriage in order of decreasing severity by Marshall(m): Tue May 2019 09:04am
Yeah, thanks. I recently come to know of Okafor's Law, seriously i dont know if it's true anyway, yet to find out myself
Art, Graphics & Video / Defining the law of graffiti by Sande(m): Mon May 2019 09:34pm
The smell of paint and turpentine pierces your senses as you walk into the auto garage on Eastleigh’s Third Street. There is the sound of machines as they whirr and hiss in the hands of mechanics and designers alike, busy making designs that will add their mark to the city’s iconic matatu culture.
Welcome to the workshop of Mohammed Kartarchand, originator of Moha Grafix, Nairobi’s favourite matatu design crew. Moha, as he is popularly known, shows me some of the “ma-three” (matatus) he is working on.
The brilliantly coloured vehicles are a work of art and for a moment, something reminiscent of a scene from MTV’s Pimp My Ride.
Even to the casual observer one can easily tell that he is a master of his work as he demonstrates his freehand airbrush technique – a skill that few painters in the industry have.
“I like creating new and original designs each time, which is why I use freehand airbrushing. It means that I am putting my skills as an artist to work,” says Moha, adding that it allows him to be creative on-the-fly.
Although he has never been formally trained in the arts, his passion for painting coupled with his love for cars led him down this path of matatu design in 2001.
“I have always been a gifted artist. Even in school I was known for painting and drawing. So I thought the best way to showcase my creativity was by painting matatus because I also love cars,” he says.
Throughout the interview, he repeatedly refers to his work as a moving display of art, something that keeps heads turning as the city crawlers shove past traffic.
In art, the creative process is considered paramount to the final product. It is this plan that allows the artists to clearly develop and realise an idea to its full potential. “First we sit down with the client and decide on the dominant colour, then I ask the client to specify what he wants, like name of the vehicle and any other form of branding,” says Moha of his creative process adding that this planning process is done with a team that is made up of the client, himself and his crew.
“It is from this I create a theme, pitch it to the client and the hard work begins,” he says.
Unlike many conventional artists, Moha begins working directly on the vehicle without first putting anything down on paper. He even invites the client to watch as he and his team get down to work.
“After deciding on the theme, I create all my designs as I go along,” he reveals.
Original designs
This, he says, helps to keep his work original.
Aside from the paint jobs, his workshop in Eastleigh caters for complete and comprehensive matatu design, including interior designs and other mechanical alterations.
Painting a matatu can cost anything from Sh45,000 to Sh200,000, although there have been some paint jobs that can cost up to Sh1.5 million for a full body kit, interior and exterior art work at this one-stop shop for matatu design.
“We do everything here; I employ 15 to 20 guys, including mechanics, music engineers, interior designers and other engineers,” reveals Moha.
Watching his crew at work, one realises the need for synergy in this kind of endeavour and the important value each brings to the process. The graffiti is in colours and designs that are varied as they are bright.
Across the city, many matatus bear the brand name ‘Moha Grafix’. So popular is Moha’s work that he was recently among a select few artists picked by Barclays Bank as part of their activities to mark 100 years of doing business in Kenya, acknowledging the uniquely Kenyan aspect of his art, its youthfulness and importance as a source of income. His graffiti, alongside the works done by other artists, will be unveiled by the bank at the peak of the anniversary celebrations.
Moha says that he likes to break the monotony in his work so that only a trained eye can tell the work of his hands, although his signature technique is freehand airbrushing
In his free time, Moha also paints motorbikes, helmets and bicycles.
“To be an urban artist in Nairobi needs creativity and hard work. I have mentored many young artists who are out there doing their own thing, it is great to see the impact our work has on others,” he concludes.
For the latest news in entertainment check out and , for everything sports visit and ladies we have you covered on Evewoman
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yes Moha Graffix Hassan
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Gossip / Why I declined movie offers from Nigeria – Zari Hassan by Sande(m): Tue May 2019 11:46am
Why I declined movie offers from Nigeria – Zari Hassan
South Africa based business woman Zari Hassan has for the first time disclosed the reasons that made her refuse to take movie offers from Nollywood.

In an interview with Millard Ayo, Zari said she declined all offers that came her way, because they needed her to move to Nigeria.

Why I declined movie offers from Nigeria – Zari Hassan
Why I declined movie offers from Nigeria – Zari Hassan
She went on to say that the movies also took a long time to shoot and the money was not good enough for her to leave her family and businesses.

“For movies yes nimekuwa na offers kidogo from Nigeria, but the problem kidogo it needed me to move to Nigeria. Na shooting is not something you are going to do in a week, it takes a bit of time and some of the offers I declined because the time was too long and the money was not enough for me to leave my family, my work. So ikitokea a good offer for movie why not. I’m talented and I can multitask,” stated Zari Hassan.

The mother of five while responding to the question of whether she would be a video vixen said she is past that age, and she does not think anyone can pay her enough.

“Video vixen I think I’m bigger than that honestly mtu kama atanilipa pesa ngapi for me to be a video vixen. Yaani I’ve gone past that stage,” she said.


In the interview, Zari also revealed that she was already engaged to her new man "KingBae".

She added that she wanted something different and that’s why she opted for a customized ring that soothed her desire.
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Travel / Re: Nairobi Photos (kenya): A Beautiful East African City by Saocv(m): Wed May 2019 05:46pm
drop more photos here
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/ Online Fundraising – Start a Fundraiser for Personal Causes & Charity by Marshall(m): Mon May 2019 08:13pm
Kenyans247 - Copyright © 2019 Sande Kennedy. All rights reserved.
Disclaimer: Every Kenyans247 member is solely responsible for anything that he/she posts or uploads on Kenyans247.
Food / Wale watu wa Utalii College by Sande(m): Mon May 2019 11:28pm
Drop here reciepes you can prepare well
All we need to learn also
Business / Introduce Your Business by Marshall(m): Mon May 2019 01:26pm
Hello People,

Tell us about your company and the types of services you offer. Also include your contact details.

I don't have a business yet anyway.
Here is my Codexpress labs, +234 7069735107 Marshall Unduemi
/ MINIMUM WAGE is a bad public policy, not good for economy by Marshall(m): Thu May 2019 09:12pm
Seriously it is really bad for nigeria
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/ Your father was not there, yet you think Raila has betrayed you. by Saocv(m): Sat May 2019 10:40pm
August 1982. Raila Odinga has been tortured for four days non stop. He is oscillating between conscious and unconscious. His head is swollen and bleeding. He can't see properly and can't stand on his swollen feet. He is at the GSU headquarters. He is also very hungry, having not eaten for days. Police Commissioner Ben Gethi walks in with a hot, succulent roasted goat leg, accompanied by four other cops. Gethi is as drunk as his mother, and is chewing on the goat leg, as he asks his cops to beat Raila some more. They land on him with broken furniture and beat him down to unconsciousness.

Your father was not there, yet you think Raila has betrayed you!

Manyani Prison, God knows which year. Mosquitoes descend on Raila, the light in the cell doesn't go off and attracts even more insects. Daytime temperatures reach 40s, night time temperatures are as low as Murkomen's IQ. Raila writes to the authorities saying he doesn't want to be at Manyani. A doctor comes to check him and finds he is doing badly. The doctor prescribes the wrong medicine. Raila almost dies. By the time another doctor comes, his limbs are just about due for amputation. He survives narrowly.

Your father was not there, yet you think Raila has betrayed you.

Kamiti Maximum Prison, God knows which fucking year. Deputy Police Commissioner Phillip Kilonzo and the Commissioner of prison visit Raila, who hasn't eaten for two weeks. They tell him they will force-feed him with a pipe! He looks them in the eye and tells them they are small men with a small mentality and they can go screw a mango! They are shocked beyond words. They walk out without another word.

Your father was not there, yet you think Raila has betrayed you.

1988. Mama Ida Odinga has long been fired from her job as a teacher. The police keep surrounding her home. She gets home one day to find her maid and infant have been arrested. She traces both to a police cell. She has had to live with police harassment and humiliation every day since her husband was arrested. She has no friends left. Her children cannot play with other children. The stigma is real.

Your mother was not there, yet you think Raila has betrayed you.

1989. Raila is escaping through Lake Lolwe, disguised as a Legio Maria Priest. A Kenya Army platoon led by Major Diffu has him on the crosshairs, ready to blow the boat and Raila up. Somehow, the order does not come to execute, so he survives, barely.

Your father was not there, yet you think Raila has betrayed you.

When Raila was first arrested at the house of Oki Ooko Ombaka, he was taken alone. When he was beaten and tortured and humiliated, he was alone. From Naivasha, Hola, Shimo La Tewa, Kamiti, Manyani, he was alone. He gave his life for this. We have made strides. We have found our voices. Because he stood up when your entire clans chose cowardice. There is no contract you have with Raila that he must die for you. There is no law stipulating that a 73 year old man will give his life for you 30 year old able bodied clowns! And Raila has not stopped you forming your party and taking us to that Canaan of yours!

So please give us a break!

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Truth be told
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K247 Intelligence / Super Loaf bread fraud detected by Hassan(m): Fri May 2019 08:31pm
We cannot pay tax for this fraud. It is written 400g yet it is 339g. Share until the company stops the thuggery.
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Mwerevu ameerevuka
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Poetry / Aisha Jumwa is now the de facto queen of the coastal nine sub tribes. by Hassan(m): Sat May 2019 09:15am

Aisha Jumwa is now the de facto queen of the coastal nine sub tribes.
The Miji Kenda,
Them who roll up their mats and set up mast in seas to conquer storm,
Them who beat their drums in rhythm with the waves and the dancing mangroves,

They provoked her and men
attacked her like they could attack men,
Bearded men grouped together and conducted palavers,
They agreed in unison to chase the queen of the nine villages from a party they call theirs,

They were wrong in their decision,
They attacked her,
They called her names but still she could not bulge an inch.

Atwoli had uttered the unthinkable,
He was disrespectful in his statement,
His was an imagination of a very jealous he goat,
Rulers rule and bow in sight of beautiful women too.

Edwin Sifuna forgot he was in the territory of the Mijikenda,
The queen was standing and there was something about sleeping on a different kind of mat,
The queen knew much of the mat more than Sifuna and she told him to keep off the stories of mats in a Mijikenda funeral ceremony.

The dust had not settled,
The queen again fired a salvo to Atwoli,
She said the size of the ruler matters a lot,
You can't compare nor measure a V8 nor compare it's power like that of a
probox .

The queen of the nine villages is a super V8,
No way can she dance to a miserable probox whose ruler has been swallowed by his bulging stomach.
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Jokes Etc / White gals are flying Planes and making good use of life and our African girls ,,,,,, by Marshall(m): Fri May 2019 03:00pm
It is a pity that churches have turn the mind set of hustle. Prays without work can't be fruit and vegetables. We add pepper and salt to our request to God for blessings...
Jokes Etc / White gals are flying Planes and making good use of life and our African girls ,,,,,, by Marshall(m): Fri May 2019 03:00pm
White gals are flying Planes and making good use of life and our African girls are thronging in churches looking husbands and Miracle.Mungu tulikosea wapi?is it poverty ama ni Ujinga flani tuko nayo mungu,God help us in Africa.God Pastors are taking advantage of this innocent gals seeking miracles and make them side queens.Mungu kuna kanisa moja hapa Kahawa house 80% of the gals come to church on Sunday asking God awapatie husbands,little do they know the ratio and the Matrix can't allow that to happen God.God we as Kenyan men are suffering because some are our cousins,sisters who have refused to see the true Picture. Show us the way God.
So programmers are making use kotlin
Investment / Private firm to fund Sh21bn old rail link to SGR by Sande(m): Thu May 2019 06:52pm

Private contractors will finance the upgrade of the old metre gauge railway (MGR) between Naivasha and the Malaba border and also+ build a new line connecting to the Standard Gauge Railway (SGR) at a total estimated cost of Sh21 billion, Transport Secretary James Macharia has said.

The public-private-partnership contract will help the government to avoid borrowing more loans while ensuring that there is a reliable railway connection between Naivasha and the Ugandan border for onward connection to Kampala.

Kenya dropped its bid to extend the SGR to Kisumu and later on to the Ugandan border after failing to secure a multi-billion-shilling loan from China, which funded the first and second phases of the new railway line.

Kenya Railways deal to solve importers' container headache
Chinese bank cuts Sh32bn SGR funds
Small-scale importers 'must team up' to use SGR transport
MPs allocate Sh3.4bn for Naivasha industry park land
Mr Macharia Wednesday said the government’s priority now is to upgrade the old metre gauge railway and connect it to the SGR through construction of a new road and rail link from Maai Mahiu to the Naivasha MGR station.

Upgrading the old Naivasha-Nakuru-Eldoret-Malaba line will cost an estimated Sh15 billion ($150 million) while building of the Mai Mahiu connection will cost about Sh6 billion ($60 million).

The upgrade and construction of the connection is expected to start in the next three months.

Private sector

“Private sector would be much faster because you know it is the financing agreements that take longer but if you have ready funding from the private sector then we just engage them within our existing Public Private Partnership arrangements. We concluded the deal for the expressway from Mombasa in two months so it is possible,” said Mr Macharia Wednesday.

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Transporters will truck cargo through the Maai Mahiu–Narok road to the Naivasha MGR station before completion of the 43-kilometre railway line between the old and the new railway stations.

The upgrade and construction of the connection is expected to start by about August, in time for the planned launch of the Nairobi-Naivasha SGR line.

Mr Macharia made the announcement yesterday after hosting a delegation from Uganda led by the minister for Works and Transport, Monica Azuba.

There has been concerns that the Mombasa to Naivasha SGR, which cost an estimated Sh477 billion, would not be economically viable if it is not connected to Kampala which is a major user of the Mombasa Port for its imports.

Uganda team

The Ugandan team whose trip is a follow up to the March 2019 visit by President Yoweri Museveni – during which the SGR talks took centre-stage -- expressed concern over a possible rise in transport costs should the trucking between the two railways lines last for long.

“There is that gap but I hope we will work out modalities to see that our transporters would not get disadvantaged both in terms of cost and time in trans-shipping between the metre gauge railway so that it is a win-win situation for both of us,” said Ms Azuba.

Mr Macharia later told the Business Daily that the link to the MGR will result in time savings for Uganda-bound cargo, hence will compensate for any cost increases that may result from the trucking.

He said the government will engage Uganda to address possible cost implications by offering discounts should there be need to do so.

The Narok road will also have to be upgraded to allow for the many trucks between the old and the new railway, pending construction of the new railway link which is expected to take more than one year.

The CS who last week said both the Nakuru–Malaba and Nakuru-Kisumu MGR lines would be revamped, Wednesday said upgrade of the old Kisumu line may not be viable after all.

Several bridges

According to him, the line has ‘several bridges that are vandalised’ and may turn out to be a costly affair considering that the government still has plans to complete the SGR line to Kisumu where the port is to be also upgraded.

Uganda is also said to be working on the reconstruction of the Metre Gauge Railway line from Malaba to Kampala with funding from the European Union.

The upgrades for the two lines, Malaba-Kampala and Tororo-Gulu, will cost the country some Sh18 billion.

Kenya already offered to give Uganda land to construct an inland depot in Naivasha, a key mission for the delegation currently visiting the country.

The renewed focus on the metre gauge railway line now dims hopes for the fast-tracking of the Chinese-funded SGR which was expected to reach Kisumu by 2022 and link to a sea port for shipping of cargo to Uganda.

Focus on private sector funding by the government presents a shift on mega infrastructure funding which has been blamed for the ballooning debt pile for Kenya.

Last month, a Kenyan delegation in Beijing attending the Belt and Road Forum returned empty-handed after it emerged that plans to secure the billions needed to complete the SGR to Kisumu had hit a deadloc

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Great move
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Travel / Re: Nairobi Photos (kenya): A Beautiful East African City by Sande(m): Wed May 2019 05:46pm
A green city indeed the best city in East Africa
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Culture / Welcome to Kenyans247 Official Forum by Saocv(m): Wed May 2019 09:08pm
Browse and post Kenyan content without censorship enjoy post content and pictures but remember to abide by the forum rules
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Travel / Re: Nairobi Photos (kenya): A Beautiful East African City by Saocv(m): Wed May 2019 05:46pm
Nairobi capital of Kenya. It is one of Africa´s most modern cities and it lloks fine! However, it is a pity that it looks more modern than Lagos and Kenya hasn´t got any oil or natural gas!kenyans247
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Culture / Welcome to Kenyans247 Official Forum by Marshall(m): Wed May 2019 09:08pm
Please this is kenyans247 forum
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Nice logo
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